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Doctor insights on: Can You Explain The Pathophysiology Of Pneumonia And Rheumatic Heart Disease

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Can you explain the pathophysiology of pneumonia and rheumatic heart disease?

Can you explain the pathophysiology of pneumonia and rheumatic heart disease?

Two diff diseases: These are two different diseases. Pneumonia is an infection in the lung that causes fluid to collect within the air spaces (maybe w/in a lobe or more diffuse). Rheumatic heart disease is caused by the body attacking the valves of the heart in response to an untreated/inadequately treated streptococcal (most often group a) infection ("strep throat" or other). ...Read more

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Dr. Bennett Werner
2,791 doctors shared insights

Heart Diseases (Definition)

Heart disease is a condition in which a person has problems within his or her vascular system and heart, which includes both congenital birth defects and problems acquired later. Examples of heart disease include clogging (atherosclerosis) of the coronary (heart) arteries, heart attacks (obstructions of the arteries), damaged heart valves, heart muscle failure, and viral infections of the heart. Some major causes of heart disease include genetics, smoking, hypertension, high ...Read more


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What is the cause of rheumatic heart disease and heart murmurs?

What is the cause of rheumatic heart disease and heart murmurs?

Autoantibodies: Rheumatic heart disease is one of the complications of an untreated strep infection.A month or more after the infection, the body has made antibodies that mistale the tissue of the heart for the germ they were designed to fight.Over time thease antibodies cause inflamation of the heart and can injure the valves. After the acute phase is past, you have a weaker heart with leaky valves and murmurs. ...Read more

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Please explain the mechanism of disease of congestive heart failure?

Please explain the mechanism of disease of congestive heart failure?

Heart Failure: CHF is a condition where the left heart function is weakened to the point where blood is not pumped quickly enough and backs up in your lungs as it exits the right side of your heart. The increase in pressure, along with leaky blood vessels in your lungs, causes the non cellular fluid in blood to spill into your alveoli, or air sacks in your lungs. So air exchange and breathing become difficult. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of rheumatic heart disease?

CHF or AF: Rhd causes thickening and blockage (stenosis) of the mitral valve which can lead to congestive heart failure (shortness of breath, swelling, fatigue). In addition, the left atrium enlarges which often interferes with conduction of electrical impulses resulting in atrial fibrillation. Without treatment, blood clots can form in the enlarged and stagnant left atrium leading to stroke. ...Read more

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How does Rheumatic Heart Disease lead to rhythm issues? Which ones are common with RHD? How does RHD present on echocardiogram?

How does Rheumatic Heart Disease lead to rhythm issues? Which ones are common with RHD? How does RHD present on echocardiogram?

Atrial arrhythmia : Rheumatic heart disease results in one or multiple valves becoming stenotic or obstructed thereby leading to increased intracardiac pressures in the upstream chambers. That in turn causes dilatation of the atria And electrical instability (arrhythmia). Valve morphology on echo would be highly suggestive of RHD as it has a tell tale pattern well described. Treat valve disease to heal ...Read more

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What is the pathophysiology of rheumatic heart disease?

What is the pathophysiology of rheumatic heart disease?

Autoantibodies: Rheumatic heart disease is one of the complications of an untreated strep infection.A month or more after the infection, the body has made antibodies that mistale the tissue of the heart for the germ they were designed to fight.Over time thease antibodies cause inflamation of the heart and can injure the valves. After the acute phase is past, you have a weaker heart with leaky valves and murmurs. ...Read more

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What are the causes of heart palpitations and can they lead to a heart attack?

What are the causes of heart palpitations and can they lead to a heart attack?

Many: Heart palpitations can be caused by structural heart disease, ischemia (occluded coronary vessels), electrolyte imbalances, drugs - pharmacologic and recreational, and many other things. Depending on what exactly the palpitations are and how severe, some can definitely lead to a heart attack. ...Read more

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Can you explain what are the symptoms of heart attack?

Can you explain what are the symptoms of heart attack?

Classic symptoms: If you are asking for classic symptoms that would be chest pressure like an elephant on chest with radiation of pain or heaviness to the neck, jaw and left arm (mostly) with cold sweats, shortness of breath and sometimes nausea or heartburn-like, or dizziness. There are variations of these so better know your risk factors and anticipate when you feel something. Talk to your doctor. ...Read more

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What is the risk of pulmonary hypertension complicated heart failure and how i can manage?

What is the risk of pulmonary hypertension complicated heart failure and how i can manage?

Treat heart failure: Pulm HTN worsens heart failure status, but is treated by aggressive management of the heart failure status. Adequate decongestion with water pills , and adequate afterload reduction agents should be used. ...Read more

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What is the pathophysiology of rheumatic heart disease in diagram form?

What is the pathophysiology of rheumatic heart disease in diagram form?

See picture: Try this. http://pictures.doccheck.com/en/photos/2/15631/pathophysiology-of-rheumatic-heart-disease/.

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Can rheumatic heart disease take the life of a person?

Can rheumatic heart disease take the life of a person?

Yes!: Rarely now because the acute disease rx is better, and heart surgery is better for this post-infectious immune arthritis. It can, but far less likely. ...Read more

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What are some of the symptoms to heart disease?

What are some of the symptoms to heart disease?

Many or none: Many symptoms. The most common are chest pain, shortness of breath, jaw pain, arm pain, sweating, fatigue, abdominal pain, leg pain, dizziness and also back pain. Sometimes heart disease is a stealth disease and there are no symptoms. ...Read more

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What can be initial symptoms of heart attack?

What can be initial symptoms of heart attack?

Chest Pain -See Doc?: When to see a doctor? How do you know when you need medical help for chest pain? It's not always easy to tell. Helpful simple quiz: http://edition.cnn.com/HEALTH/help.at.home/chest.pain/content.html ...Read more

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Can you tell me the pathophysiology of the peripheral vascular disease?

Can you tell me the pathophysiology of the peripheral vascular disease?

Atherosclerosis: The pathophysiology of peripheral vascular disease is atherosclerosis. This is a generalized disease process with risk factors including diabetes, old age, high blood pressure, elevated cholesterol and smoking. Atherosclerosis builds up, causing narrowed areas in blood vessels. Some important vessels which get blocked include; carotids, heart vessels (coronary) and leg arteries. ...Read more

Dr. John Dent
152 doctors shared insights

Rheumatic Heart Disease (Definition)

Rheumatic heart disease is a condition where a bacterial infection with Streptococcus leads to damage to the ...Read more


Dr. Michael DePietro
2,208 doctors shared insights

Pneumonia (Definition)

An inflammation of the lungs, most ...Read more