Top
20
Doctor insights on: Can You Describe The Pathophysiology Of Dilated Cardiomyopathy

Share
1

1
Can you describe the pathophysiology of dilated cardiomyopathy?

Can you describe the pathophysiology of dilated cardiomyopathy?

See below: In lay terms - heart muscle getting weak by various toxins (drugs, alcohol); infection; other toxins and hormones (peri-partum). Then the muscle can't pump and the heart chambers get dilated by all the blood that cannot move forward. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
Dr. Joseph Shen
122 doctors shared insights

Dilated Cardiomyopathy (Definition)

Dilated means that the heart is enlarged, & cardiomyopathy means sick heart muscle. There are many reasons for the heart muscle to get weak/dilated including genetic disorders, certain inflammatory conditions, & toxins including alcohol. Many cases are idiopathic, meaning the cause is unknown. Reversal of cardiomyopathy is sometimes possible with treatment, & new ...Read more


2

2
What are the symptoms of dilated cardiomyopathy?

What are the symptoms of dilated cardiomyopathy?

Several: Some patients may be asymptomatic, but others have symptoms that range from exertional fatigue to overt anginal chest pain, to exertional shortness of breath, to overt heart failure with severe shortness of breath on low levels of exertion. The extreme involves syncope from near fatal or fatal ventricular arrhythmias, to fatal or non-fatal myocardial infarction (heart attack). ...Read more

3

3
What are the symptoms of dilated cardiomyopathy?

What are the symptoms of dilated cardiomyopathy?

Like heart failure : You might feel fatigue, weakness, shortness of breath while you are lying down or physically active, lightheaded, dizzy, fainting, persistent cough of wheezing especial at when you are lying downs. You might have leg, ankle or feet swelling, sudden weight gain or fluid retention, lack of appetite, heart flutters, palpitations and pale skin. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
4

4
What are the major symptoms of dilated cardiomyopathy?

What are the major symptoms of dilated cardiomyopathy?

Cardiomyopathy: Symptoms vary depending upon the degree of heart failure. Some patients with a dilated cardiomyopathy may have minimal symptoms while heart function is preserved. Once heart function worsens patients may experience shortness of breath, palpitations (feeling like heart is racing or skipping beats), trouble lying flat, fatigue, passing out or nearly passing out, to name a few. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
5

5
Can you describe the epidemiology of hypertension?

Can you describe the epidemiology of hypertension?

See below: Darwin labarthe wrote a book called the epidemiology of cardiovascular disease, there is a chapter on hypertension. Basically, it increases you get older and gain weight. It is more common in african americans and those with high salt and poor diets rich in fats and starches. It is also common in those with kidney problems and those with sleep apnea. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
6

6
What are the causes of dilated cardiomyopathy?

What are the causes of dilated cardiomyopathy?

Multiple possible: Some cases have no obvious cause. Others may be genetic, viral, uncontrolled hypertension, heart attacks, valve disease, alcohol excess, morbid obesity, or sleep apnea. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
7

7
Could someone describe the symptoms of cardiomyopathy?

Could someone describe the symptoms of cardiomyopathy?

Symptoms!: Cardiomyopathy implies contractile issues with the heart muscle. It can be due to viral infection, hypertension, diabetes, previous heart attacks. Since the ability to pump blood is compromised, the usual symptoms iclude shortness of breath and diminished exercise or physical capacity. Edema of the lower extremities may occur. Hands and feet may be cold. These are common sx. Many more! ...Read more

9

9
Can you explain the pathophysiology of cardiogenic shock?

Can you explain the pathophysiology of cardiogenic shock?

SEE below: Cardiogenic shock is a syndrome in which the heart is unable to adequately pump blood to the major organs of the body usually as result of significant damage to the heart (commonly as aresult of a heart attack).Blood pressure is very low , skin is very cool or cold, urine output is low and frequently kidney failure occurs.Other signs include anxiety, rapid pulse, decreased mental status. ...Read more

11

11
Can you tell me these signs associated with a myocardial infarction of the left ventricle:?

Can you tell me these signs associated with a myocardial infarction of the left ventricle:?

MI: Shortness of breath, chest pain (CP) radiating to the left arm and neck, sweating, nausea, vomiting, dizziness. Women may lack the typical CP syndrome - sob, sweating. ...Read more

12

12
Can you tell me the pathophysiology of the peripheral vascular disease?

Can you tell me the pathophysiology of the peripheral vascular disease?

Atherosclerosis: The pathophysiology of peripheral vascular disease is atherosclerosis. This is a generalized disease process with risk factors including diabetes, old age, high blood pressure, elevated cholesterol and smoking. Atherosclerosis builds up, causing narrowed areas in blood vessels. Some important vessels which get blocked include; carotids, heart vessels (coronary) and leg arteries. ...Read more

13

13
What are the symptoms of hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy?

What are the symptoms of hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy?

Several: Some patients may be asymptomatic, but others have symptoms that range from exertional fatigue to overt anginal chest pain, to exertional shortness of breath, to overt heart failure with severe shortness of breath on low levels of exertion. The extreme involves syncope from near fatal or fatal ventricular arrhythmias, to fatal or non-fatal myocardial infarction (heart attack). ...Read more

14

14
Can you tell me the pathophysiology and natural history of mitral stenosis?

Can you tell me the pathophysiology and natural history of mitral stenosis?

Complex: Ultimately mitral stenosis would cause heart failure. The treatment is relief of the stenosis, either by mitral balloon valvuloplasty or mitral valve replacement. This is something that really needs a cardiologist. ...Read more

Dr. Jesus Yap Dr. Yap
1 doctor agreed:
15

15
What are the causes of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

Dr. Jesus Yap Dr. Yap
1 doctor agreed:

Genes and others: About half of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy are due to mutations in genes encoding cardiac muscle proteins or sarcomeres. Few are due to errors in metabolism such as Fabry's disease due to a lack of enzyme( galactosides) and the other half the cause is unknown.The genetic group is familial and autosomal dominant-50% chance of having defective gene in a family member ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
16

16
Can you explain to me the pathophysiology of myocarditis?

Can you explain to me the  pathophysiology of  myocarditis?

Myocarditis: Myocarditis can have a variety of causes, but one of the most common is a viral cause. The body responds to the presence of the virus by producing antibodies and an inflammatory response which attack the heart muscle producing disease and damage. Some heart muscle injury is reversible, some is not and stays the same, and some injury may continue to worsen over time. ...Read more

17

17
Can you describe coarctation of the aorta?

Can you describe coarctation of the aorta?

Narrowing: It is narrowing of the aorta (largest artery in the body). It is classified by severity (size of narrowing and pressure difference across it) as well as location (relative to the head-and-neck vessels). ...Read more

See 2 more doctor answers
18

18
What are the symptoms of an arrhythmia of the heart that you can actually feel?

Several: These include palpitations (a feeling of skipped heart beats, fluttering or "flip-flops, " or feeling that your heart is "running away").Pounding in your chest. Dizziness or feeling light-headed. Fainting. Shortness of breath. Chest discomfort. Weakness or fatigue (feeling very tired). ...Read more

19

19
Can you explain the pathophysiology of pneumonia and rheumatic heart disease?

Can you explain the pathophysiology of pneumonia and rheumatic heart disease?

Two diff diseases: These are two different diseases. Pneumonia is an infection in the lung that causes fluid to collect within the air spaces (maybe w/in a lobe or more diffuse). Rheumatic heart disease is caused by the body attacking the valves of the heart in response to an untreated/inadequately treated streptococcal (most often group a) infection ("strep throat" or other). ...Read more

See 2 more doctor answers
20

20
Can you please explain the hardening of the heart's arteries caused by?

Can you please explain the hardening of the heart's arteries caused by?

Cholesterol and time: Untreated high chol , high bp, and time usually are the big factors. Family hx also plays a key role. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
Dr. Barton Cook
423 doctors shared insights

Cardiomyopathy (Definition)

A disease that weakens and enlarges the muscle surrounding the heart. It is a condition that makes it harder for the heart to pump blood and deliver ...Read more