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Can You Describe Calcified Coronary Artery Disease
Calcified CAD: Plaque in coronary arteries is in a real sense abnormal tissue. Calcium tends to accumulate in abnormal tissues in our bodies. This phenomenon is called dystrophic calcification. The amount of coronary artery calcium as detected by specialized ct scans can be used as a predictor of future cardiac events such as heart attack. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Arteries are defined as blood vessels which carry blood away from the heart (to either the body or lungs). Arteries: higher pressure, thicker walls, stretch (pulse) with each heart contraction & deliver blood to the arterioles which control the flow to individual capillaries. Veins are blood vessels which carry blood from capillaries back to the heart (body to right heart; ...Read more
Medical therapy: if one has a tendancy for vascular disease - coronary artery disease being one area we are concerned about - then we have a reasonable set of recommendations to minimize disease progression, and even cause regression. These recs include: optimal weight, daily exercise, low fat/veg/mediterranean diets, lipid Rx, aspirin. other medicines like beta blockers or acei inhibitors can be helpful ...Read more
How can you develop coronary artery disease without hypertension? What is the liklihood of contracting coronary artery disease without any hypertension?
Yes: Risk for development of CAD (coronary artery disease) is multi-factorial. Genetics, cholesterol, smoking, diabetes, obesity, sedantary lifestyle, stress, life style choices etc can all contribute as much as hypertension, although hypertension tends to be a common assocaited condition with cad. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Presence vs effect: Calcified plaque occurs when the cholesterol buildup of your arteries becomes calcified, a natural process. Treatment occurs when the narrowing either results in or is likely to result in problems like chest pains or a heart attack. It is impossible to treat widespread disease but for specific areas of narrowing or blockage, balloons, lasers, and other treatments are used. ...Read more
Prinzmetal angina.: Spasm can happen in any blood vessel including the coronaries. The inner lining of the arteries have ability to produce a relaxing factor now known to be nitric oxide. However, diseased arteries have dysfunctional inner lining cells that can't make the relaxing factor and thus can present with spasm also known as prinzmetal angina. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Yes: "drugs" is a vague term but if you mean recreational drugs then yes. Marijuana is as bad if not worse than cigarettes. No filter, held for extended time in lungs, and often contains unknown contaminants.So if smoking is a known risk factor....Cocaine tends to cause intense coronary artery vasospasm.This can damage the endothelium and allow cholesterol to deposit in the vessels. ...Read more
Yes: 1.Sternotomy, 2.Conduit harvest, 3.Full heparinization and institution of cardiopulmonary bypass, 4. With or without induction of cardioplegic arrest, 5. Microsurgical arteriotomies and anastomoses of the end of the conduits to the side of the coronaries distal to the obstruction and to the aorta, 6.Restoration of systolic function, wean off cpb reverse hep., hemostasis, chest tubes, pacing leads, close. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Certainly: Evaluation by a primary care & cardiologist, reduce weight - BMI < 28, eat right: low fat, low (bad) cholesterol, consider high quality fish oil, cessation of smoking, exercise (if you are healthy enough per your physician), reduce alcohol consumption, take prescribed medications as directed. Know your numbers: cholesterol, blood pressure, blood sugar and work with your physician to optimize them. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
2 different things.: Hypertension means simply high blood pressure. Blood moving through tight, inflexible pipes (arteries) is under more pressure than more flexible arteries. High blood pressure can lead to a host of diseases such as stroke and coronary artery disease (cad). CAD is clogging of the arteries that directly supply the heart itself which can lead to heart attack. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
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