Top
40
Doctor insights on: Can West Nile Virus Lead To Liver Failure

Share
1

1
Can west nile virus lead to liver failure?

Can west nile virus lead to liver failure?

Low likelihood: Most cases of west nile fever resolve spontaneously and completely. However, sometimes fatigue, headache, weakness, movement disorders, and concentration problems persist for weeks or months.
Severe neuroinvasive disease can result in death or permanent disability. Mortality usually results from progressive neuronal dysfunction, cerebral edema, and respiratory failure.http://www. Cdc. Gov/ncidod/dvb. ...Read more

Dr. Andrew Seibert
2 Doctors shared insights

Liver (Definition)

This organ plays a major role in metabolism and has a number of functions in the body, including glycogen storage, decomposition of red blood cells, plasma protein synthesis, hormone production, and detoxification. It lies below the diaphragm in the abdominal-pelvic region of the abdomen. It produces bile, an alkaline compound which aids in digestion via the emulsification of ...Read more


2

2
What are the symptoms of the west nile virus? And if I get it and do get symptoms is their any way to treat it?

What are the symptoms of the west nile virus? And if I get it and do get symptoms is their any way to treat it?

Wide variety: Fever, chills, gastrointestinal signs and symptoms, muscle aches, stiffness, pain, severe headache, alterations in sensorium and mental status and other neurological sign and symptoms may all occur. There is no specific treatment except managing the symptoms. Fortunately very few people get central nervous system involvement and most recover entirely. ...Read more

3

3
Can you tell me how is malaria and west nile virus different?

Can you tell me how is malaria and west nile virus different?

WNV vs Malaria: West Nile Virus is found in temperate & tropical areas of the world & has been detected predominantly Culex & Aedes mosquitoes. WNV is a viral infection that causes flu-like syndrome in 20% of those infected. < 1/1000 people die from WNV infection.**Malaria is usually found in tropical & subtropical areas. Only female Anopheles mosquitoes can act as a vector for Malaria. WNV is a protozoan > ...Read more

5

5
Can west nile virus infect by unborn child?

Can west nile virus infect by unborn child?

West Nile virus: There have been reports of possible transmission of the virus from mother to child during pregnancy or breast feeding, but these have been rare and not confirmed conclusively. ...Read more

6

6
What does the west nile virus rash look like?

What does the west nile virus rash look like?

West Nile Virus: About 20% of people who are infected w west nile virus may develop a rash. The rash is variable ; may be maculopapular or macular. Most people don’t have sx’s w west nile virus. An article entitled “characteristics of the rash associated with west nile virus fever” indicated that 33% of people w a rash had pruritus. ...Read more

7

7
Will antibiotics work against west nile virus?

Will antibiotics work against west nile virus?

Not yet: No antibiotics are approved for use against west nile virus. Attempts at using ribavirin, immunoglobulins & interferons to treat wnv patients have been inconclusive. Numerous new medications are in development now. Fortunately 80-90% of people who are infected with wnv have no symptoms or disease. The elderly are at highest risk. Severe wnv infections have decreased in the past 10 years. ...Read more

8

8
I got bitten by a mosquito will I get west nile virus?

WNV: Although west nile virus is now in most of the us, the majority of mosquitoes are not infected. You would have to be bitten by an infected mosquito. ...Read more

9

9
What is recovery rate from West Nile virus causing encephalitis?

What is recovery rate from West Nile virus causing encephalitis?

Variable: A case of West Nile virus with encephalitis recover but takes long time, prolonged recuperation and need rehabilitation for a long time. They may have some memory loss or weakness of limbs ...Read more

10

10
What are the differences between Lyme disease and the west nile virus?

Not much in common: Lyme Disease is caused by borrelia (a bacteria). West Nile Virus is caused by a virus. The former causes a targetoid rash and can infect just about any organ system including the eye, joints, heart, and brain if left untreated. It is transmitted to humans by a deer tick. West Nile virus is transmitted by a mosquito and in most cases is asymptomatic. 20% get rash / fever. Encephalitis is rare. ...Read more

11

11
Are there antiviral medication that is effective against west nile virus?

Are there antiviral medication that is effective against west nile virus?

No: Case reports using intravenous immunoglobulin (ivig) and other interventions have been described, but are inconsistent and haven't been scientifically tested. Supportive management is the mainstay of west nile virus infections. ...Read more

12

12
When there is an outbreak of west nile virus, how is the population of infected mosquitoes exterminated?

When there is an outbreak of west nile virus, how is the population of infected mosquitoes exterminated?

Spraying: When I lived in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba - the Navy sprayed insecticides in our neighborhoods with a truck twice a day. ...Read more

13

13
What does the skin rash look like from west nile virus?

What does the skin rash look like from west nile virus?

West Nile: The rash seen with West Nile Virus Fever tends to be a non-specific maculopapular rash that appears between days 5 to 12 of acute illness. ...Read more

14

14
What does the west nile virus rash look like? Can it happen on the arm?

West Nile Rash: About 20% of people who are infected w west nile virus may develop a rash. The rash is variable ; may be maculopapular or macular. Most people don’t have sx’s w west nile virus.
An article entitled “characteristics of the rash associated with west nile virus fever” indicated that 33% of people w a rash had pruritus. ...Read more

16

16
When there is an outbreak of west nile virus, how do you rid of infected mosquitoes?

Standing water: Get rid of standing water - water in puddles, bird baths, old tires are nurseries for breeding mosquitoes. ...Read more

17

17
How do the RNA molecules of HIV and West Nile virus (WNV) differ in number and function?

How do the RNA molecules of HIV and West Nile virus (WNV) differ in number and function?

Which ones?: There are dozens of variants of HIV and West Nile virus. I believe the genomes for all of them have been sequenced and the sequences published. There are many open-source sequence-alignment software packages available for download. Many run better under Linux than Windows. Do you have a preference? ...Read more

18

18
Encephalitis from west nile virus. What is death rate/cute rate? What treatments are available

Hard to say: Some studies have quoted mortality from neuroinvasive cases of wnv ~5%, but this must be a huge overestimate. Maybe 3 in 1000 of all cases are severe (or neuroinvasive), so you might guess less than 1 in 5000 cases die.
Most of the deaths appear to come in the elderly, chronically ill or immunosuppressed.
Treatment is mainly supportive (including intubation & ventilation in severe cases). ...Read more

19

19
I was bitten by two mosquitos and have since felt nauseous and got a rash on my upper back that went away. Did I get west nile virus?

Ill with Rash: Any rash associated with systemic illness should be evaluated in person. West nile, among many other conditions, could be the cause. See your dermatologist or physician in person for proper evaluation. ...Read more

20

20
What is the probability odds of getting West Nile virus from 1 mosquito bite under the elbow neat Fremont, CA (Bay area) where the virus was detected?

What is the probability odds of getting West Nile virus from 1 mosquito bite under the elbow neat Fremont, CA (Bay area) where the virus was detected?

West nile virus: You have to be bitten by the mosquito that has fed on the wild bird that is infected with the virus. Not all mosquitos will be infected. Symptoms to watch for is fever, headache, mental confusion, tremors, or paralysis. Very yound and very old are more succeptible. ...Read more

21

21
I contracted west nile virus. Am I at risk for viral meningitis?

Yes: There is often a encephalitis or meningitis component to this disease. However, in the vast majority of people with disease, there is no neurological symptoms. If you are immunocompromised (very young, very old, have hiv, etc) then you may be more susceptible. If you have fever, headaches, fatigue, malaise, nausea, vomiting, you may be showing central nervous system signs and symptoms. ...Read more

22

22
What does west nile virus look like?

Very variable: In most cases, no actual symptoms, and in those who do get sick, very similar to a flu-like problem with generalized aching, low grade temp. Far less common, especially in immunologically suppressed folks, can cause brain and spinal cord inflammation which could be deadly, or leave a patient with arm or leg weakness (like a poliomyelitis). ...Read more

23

23
What organ does the west nile virus affect?

What organ does the west nile virus affect?

Brain most commonly: The West Nile Virus mostly affects the brain within the central nervous system. When it affects the brain...it is the most common complication of West Nile....then, it's called an encephalitis. ...Read more

24

24
How does the west nile virus get transmitted?

Mosquito bourne: West nile virus (wnv) is carried by mosquitoes that have fed on infected birds. They transmit the virus to humans when you are bitten. So stay indoors when mosquitoes are active, wear light colored clothes, long sleeves, hat, long pants, and consider using insect repellant as well. ...Read more

25

25
Are the home remedies that can treat west nile virus?

Are the home remedies that can treat west nile virus?

West Nile Virus: Most people recover from west nile virus without treatment. Over the counter pain relievers can help ease mild headaches. There is no direct cure for encephalitis caused by the virus except supportive therapy in hospitals. Researchers are investigating interferon therapy for the treatment of encephalitis caused by west nile virus. ...Read more

26

26
What does the west nile virus actually do to your body?

What does the west nile virus actually do to your body?

Variable: Usually, no symptoms at all. In some, causes a flu-like syndrome for a few days. In rare patients, especially immunologically suppressed folks, can create a life-threatening meningo-encephalitis, and even rarer a polio-myelitis resulting in motor nerve cell damage in the spinal cord. Have seen all of these variations, but mostly, the mosquito bite causes only local itching. ...Read more

27

27
How common is west nile virus in other parts of the world?

How common is west nile virus in other parts of the world?

Incidence of WNV: West nile virus was first identified in 1937 in uganda in eastern africa. It was first discovered in the United States in the summer of 1999 in new york. Since then, the virus has spread throughout the United States and appears to have more cases in the great plains, especially in the fall.
West nile virus is one of the most geographically widespread arboviruses in the world with cases occurring. ...Read more

28

28
How long does it take the west nile virus to spread in a town?

How long does it take the west nile virus to spread in a town?

Mosquitos: Birds and other animals serve as the reservoir for west nile virus and it is spread by mosquitos. It would depend on how may infected animals and mosquitos are around. ...Read more

29

29
In what time of the year am I more likely to contract west nile virus?

In what time of the year am I more likely to contract west nile virus?

West Nile Virus: Virus activity correlates with mosquito activity: is highest from july to october, and in warmer climates such as the southern us, virus activity is high year-round. Age and immune status do not seem to affect susceptibility to infection. However, older or immunocompromised individuals are at higher risk of neuroinvasive disease. [6] there is no clear evidence of a predilection for either sex. ...Read more

30

30
Is your body fight off the west nile virus without knowing you even have it?

Is your body fight off the west nile virus without knowing you even have it?

Probably...: ...There are people who had the infection without it becoming an encephalitis (affecting the brain). ...Read more

31

31
I have west nile virus, have I transmit the disease directly to my family members?

No: Humans are "dead-end hosts" that means you can only transmit wnv to others through blood transfusions and organ donations. ...Read more

33

33
Also what are the symptoms for influenza, west nile virus?

Most no symptoms: Most have no symptoms, 80%. If you develop symptoms of severe west nile virus illness, such as unusually severe headaches or confusion, seek medical attention immediately, according to the cdc. Severe illness usually requires hospitalization. Milder cases improve on their own and do not necessarily require medical attention. ...Read more

34

34
What are the main differences between west nile virus and malaria?

What are the main differences between west nile virus and malaria?

Miles apart.: Both are primarily transmitted by mosquitoes and cause fever but wnv is viral and can cause meningitis or encephalitis and malaria is protozoan, causing fever, anemia and enlarged spleen. Millions die of malaria yearly, not so much for west nile. ...Read more

35

35
Which characteristics of west nile virus comparison to those of malaria?

Which characteristics of west nile virus comparison to those of malaria?

2 TYPES OF INFECTION: Although both are transmitted by mosquitoes and symptoms include fevers and headaches, they are different. Wnv = virus, malaria = parasite. Wnv is endemic to africa, asia and middle east. Malaria in the tropics around the equator. Wnv can also lead to meningitis and encephalitis while malaria invades the liver and affects the blood. Finally, no specific treatment for wnv, oral meds for malaria. ...Read more

36

36
West nile virus rash look like?

West nile virus rash look like?

Rash: About 20% of people who are infected w west nile virus may develop a rash. The rash is variable ; may be maculopapular or macular. An article entitled “characteristics of the rash associated with west nile virus fever” indicated that 33% of people w a rash had pruritus. Most people don’t have sx’s w west nile virus. ...Read more

38

38
Can west nile virus cause encephalitis?

Yes: West nile virus is caused by an infection transmitted via a mosquito bite. Many people may be exposed to the virus but never develop symptoms. When symptoms do develop, it is typically fever and headache although more severe symptoms may occur. The cdc has info on west nile activity nationwide:
http://www. Cdc. Gov/ncidod/dvbid/westnile/index. Htm. ...Read more

39

39
What does the west nile virus rash looks like?

What does the west nile virus rash looks like?

Rash: About 20% of people who are infected w west nile virus may develop a rash. The rash is variable ; may be maculopapular or macular. Most people don’t have sx’s w west nile virus. An article entitled “characteristics of the rash associated with west nile virus fever” indicated that 33% of people w a rash had pruritus. ...Read more

Dr. Robert Rahimi
686 Doctors shared insights

Liver Failure (Definition)

A condition characterized by failure of the liver to perform its functions, which are vital for life. Liver has many functions: cleaning the body of toxins, processing food, producing proteins and blood clotting factors, modulating blood glucose. Failure can be seen: bleeding, fluid accumulation, yellow skin, no energy, confusion. Liver failure occurs acutely (rapid) ...Read more


Virus (Definition)

A virus is a small infectious agent that can replicate only inside the living cells of an organism. Viruses can infect all types of organisms, from animals and plants ...Read more