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Doctor insights on: Can Someone Please Explain Hypoglycemia And Hyperglycemia

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Can someone please explain hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia?

Can someone please explain hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia?

Glucose value: Normal blood glucose is in the neighborhood of 100 mg/dl. When it is higher one is hyperglycemic. When it is lower one is hypoglycemic. A blood sugar of 350 is clearly worse than one of 150 and will have more symptoms of thirstiness, frequent urination, fatigue and blurred vision. Same for hypoglycemia. The lower the value the more the sweats, tremulousness, irritability and mental cloudiness. ...Read more

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Dr. Marlon Levy
836 doctors shared insights

Hyperglycemia (Definition)

A condition in which the amount of sugar (glucose) in the blood is elevated beyond normal. It is a complication some people with ...Read more


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Can someone please explain hypoglycemia causes to me?

Can someone please explain hypoglycemia causes to me?

Multiple causes: The most common cause of hypoglycemia (low blood glucose) is use of diabetes drugs (such as Insulin or sulfonylureas). There are also many other forms of hypoglycemia: due to organ underfunctioning (adrenal, pituitary, heart, liver, kidney, thyroid), other drugs (beta blockers, salicylates, etc), tumors (insulin- and non-insulin secreting), post-meal (dumping syndrome, reactive), among others.... ...Read more

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Can someone please explain why hypoglycemia happens when you are not diabetic?

Can someone please explain why hypoglycemia happens when you are not diabetic?

The body overreacts: The body normally makes just enough Insulin but under certain circumstances it can make too much and so the glucose levels get too low. ...Read more

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Can you please tell me why diabetes, if severe, causes a coma?

Can you please tell me why diabetes, if severe, causes a coma?

Diabetic coma: When blood sugar goes excessively high, diabetics may not be able to metabolize it. There will be a build up of ketones as a result and a shift of the acid-base balance of the body and brain to an acidotic state. The build up sugar and ketones will alter the movement of minerals in and out of the brain cells causing abnormal function leading to coma. ...Read more

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Can you please tell me how pre diabetes and borderline differ?

Can you please tell me how pre diabetes and borderline differ?

First, no symptoms : Even if have borderline or pre-diabetes definition is fasting sugar 100-125, , sugar 2-4 hours after eating 140-199, hga1c 5.7-6.4 must be diagnosed by blood testing only 'borderline' is an imprecise term for 'prediabetes'. ...Read more

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Can hypoglucemia turn into diabeties? Can any docs explain?

Can hypoglucemia turn into diabeties? Can any docs explain?

No: diabetes is associated with hyperglycemia, and is a disease of insulin metabolism/secretion/sensitivity. it would lead to high blood sugar, not low ...Read more

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I'm trying to understand the relationship of hypoglycemia and hypotension. How does hypoglycemia cause hypotension?

I'm trying to understand the relationship of hypoglycemia and hypotension. How does hypoglycemia cause hypotension?

Yes, is difficult to: understand relationships between issues which are not related, at least not in ANY simple way. Blood glucose & blood pressure are two very different physiological behaviors. While both are controlled from the mind/brain, there have never been any evidence of any simple linkage. Linkage would be both highly inappropriate & life threatening because of many different life issues involved in each. ...Read more

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Can you tell me how hypernatremia occur in diabetes insipidus?

Can you tell me how hypernatremia occur in diabetes insipidus?

ADH (vasopressin): Hypernatremia occurs in diabetes insipidus secondary due to the lack of anti diuretic hormone (ADH) effect in the kidney, resulting in decreased free water absorption thus creating a higher sodium. ...Read more

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Can you tell me is hypoglycemia a prediabetes condition?

Can you tell me is hypoglycemia a prediabetes condition?

Nope. : Unless you are speaking about your baby! Hyperglycemia ( or high blood sugar) is a prediabetes condition! You must aggressively change your lifestyle. Changing your behavior is HARD! Here is a health game that will help! Commit to tracking your nutrition and weighing in weekly. Losing just 10 pounds can reverse diabetic state. https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/personal-medicine+/id84637988 ...Read more

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Can you please tell me how pre-diabetes and diabetes differ?

Can you please tell me how pre-diabetes and diabetes differ?

One precedes the oth: They're just different stops along the same railroad. The difference is totally arbitrary as both are the same process and one gradually develops into the other. Both need the same treatment w/education, diet, exercise, weight loss and medication. ...Read more

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What to do about hypoglycaemia or hyperglycaemia?

What to do about hypoglycaemia or hyperglycaemia?

Big discussion: Hi. You need to talk with your doc! Chronic hypergly. causes the chronic complications of diabetes (eye, kidney, nerve, amputation, heart). Hypoglycemia is an acute complication of some therapies (but principally insulin); ONE severe hypoglycemia can cause really bad outcomes. You need to review your diabetes medicines, BG goal range, and BG testing with with your doc. To your safe, tight control! ...Read more

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Can you please tell me why diabetes causes gangrene?

Can you please tell me why diabetes causes gangrene?

Multiple factors: Gangrene or tissue death (necrosis) can occur when there is insufficient blood flow to tissues. Both the larger blood vessels and the smallest vessels are affected by diabetes. Also, neuropathy due to the effect of diabetes on nerves can lead to loss of protective sensation making tissues more susceptible to trauma which can lead to tissue loss. ...Read more

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Can you please explain how and why with type 2 diabetes lose weight?

Can you please explain how and why with type 2 diabetes lose weight?

Loss of sugar&water: Even though most people with type 2 diabetes are obese or overweight, but people who present with diabetes are passing lots of urine and sugar in their urine which may make them loose weight.But once they are started on oral meds like tzds and sulphonyl ureas and Insulin will make most people gain weight which is a complication of the treatment and not desirable. ...Read more

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Can you please explain how and why with eating disorders have heart palpitations?

Can you please explain how and why with eating disorders have heart palpitations?

Electrolyte imbalanc: The heart's rhythm is highly sensitive to small changes in potassium and magnesium - both of these electrolytes are altered with diarrhea, vomiting, and restrictive diets - all typical of people with eating disorders. ...Read more

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Can you tell me more about reactive hypoglycemia?

Can you tell me more about reactive hypoglycemia?

Reactivhypoglycemia : Within one to two hours of eating one gets symptoms of shakiness, dizziness , sweating, tremor, hunger, fatigue. There is an"overshoot" of your Insulin . More likely in thin people. ...Read more

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Can you please tell me extreme symptoms of alcoholism?

Can you please tell me extreme symptoms of alcoholism?

Many symptoms: Inability to stop drinking despite negative effects in most areas of life would indicate severe alcoholism. ...Read more

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Please tell me who can help someone with diabetes complications in pregnancy?

Several: Your diabetes doctor shoils always be there to help you. If your pregnancy gets into trouble then there are high risk obstetricians to help your regular OB out. If you need help with nutrition the diabetic educators are always helpful too! ...Read more