Doctor insights on:
Can Someone In Their 20s Already Have An Aortic Aneurysm
Rare: Most are caused by long-standing high BP and smoking. However, there are connective-tissue diseases and congenital defects that can show up. These are often thoracic (in chest) and may involve the aortic valve. In patients at risk -with marfan's or the like- echocardiogram or other imaging may be indicated. ...Read more
"Aneurysm" has scary implications for many people. It just means an enlargement of an artery. The problem is that when arteries (including the aorta) get too large, their walls become weak and prone to tear (dissection) or rupture. If this happens in the aorta it can be a catastrophe. Management of aortic aneurysms depends on where it is, how big, whether it's growing, ...Read more
Yes: Though rare, there are certain genetic defects which cause a weakening in the walls of arteries including the aorta which can lead to aneurysms in younger patients. ...Read more
Yes: With the exception of deep abdominal massage or forceful back massage when the person is lying on his stomach. In general, we advise patients with abdominal aneurysms control blood pressure, refrain from smoking, and stay away from activities that increase intraabdominal pressure (like sit-ups or crunches or heavy lifting). ...Read more
Pain: Severe pain of chest, back, and abdomen. ...Read more
Weak wall: The aorta is a living pipe. It has 3 layers, the inner layer or intima, the middle layer or media were some muscle like cells dwell and the adventitia rich in collagen fibers. The process of arteriosclerosis may result in slow death of the media which then gets replaced by collagen scar. The pressure inside the aorta and the wall weakness will result in dilatation of the aorta and it could burst. ...Read more
The aorta: The aorta is the large, main artery that carries blood from the heart. An aneurysm (a portion that dilates or expands to a larger than normal diameter) can occur anywhere along its length, from where it emerges from the heart in the chest (thoracic aortic aneurysm) to where it travels through the abdomen & splits into the iliac arteries (abdominal aortic aneurysm, or aaa) - or anywhere between. ...Read more
Depends: An aortic aneurysm can be the result of inherited conditions like marfan's syndrome. Conversley, aortic aneurysms may appear 'de novo' in those without a family history and only clinical risk factors such as atherosclerosis and hypertension. Since the relationship between genetics and environment is complex, if there is a family history one should always be extra vigilant and monitor. ...Read more
Cysticmedialnecrosis: The aorta is a living organ. Has 3 layers. Intima, media, adventitia. The aortic wall is nourished by the vasa vasorum. Arteriosclerosis creates cholesterol plaque, the vasa vasorum occlude, the media slowly dies and becomes replaced by collagenous tissue, pressure and Collagenase activity weaken wall and it dilates excessively, if not repaired claims 17, 000 americans/yr.70%infrarenal. ...Read more
Several things: About 5% of men over the age of 65 have abdominal aortic aneurysms. Risk factors include: increasing age, male sex, family history of aneurysm (may increase your risk 4-fold), hypertension, and history of smoking. Dissecting aneurysms can be caused by localized damage to to the artery from hypertension or trauma (deceleration or sheering-type injury) or catheter injury from an angiogram. ...Read more
No but its not rare: Abdominal aortic aneurysms are more common than thoracic. An aneurysm is defined as an enlargement of the aorta 1.5 x the normal diameter. The incidence is around 37 per 100, 000 patient yrs. There is a 3% prevalence in those over 50 yrs old. Male to female ratio of 9 to 1. Risk factors hypertension, high cholesterol, smoking, diabetes, family history and age. ...Read more
Aortic Aneurysms: It is not entirely clear exactly what causes aortic aneurysms, but we know of a few risk factors, probably the most significant of which is smoking. Other risk factors include atherosclerosis and high blood pressure. There is also a hereditary component, so these can run in families. There are also genetic syndromes such as Marfan's or ehlers-danlos which are associated. See a vascular surgeon. ...Read more
Often there are none: Over 75% of aortic aneurysms are found while tests are performed for another reason. Other aneurysms are found after a thoughtful physical exam raises a suspicion for AAA and a subsequent ultrasound identifies the problem. Screening exam programs are very effective, non-invasive, and inexpensive. ...Read more
Typically non: Most of them are asymptomatic. Abdominal aortic aneurysm can cause mid abdominal and back pain sometimes. Severe pain and fever if infected. Unusually emboli or clots to legs and ischemia. Thoracic aortic aneurysm may cause back pain, or compression on structure like esophagous (difficulty swallowing), trachea or bronchus (difficulty breathing) or nerves like recurrent laryngeal nerve (horesness). ...Read more
Marfan's?: Repair when diameter 4.5cm or greater if bicuspid aortic valve or marfan's, ehrles danlos, with or w/o aortic insufficiency. Otherwise 6cm. Your cardiac surgeon is the one that can advise you on the timing of your repair, earlier repair may be indicated depending on anatomy and sinus of valsalva size. ...Read more
Heavy lifting: We tell people with aortic aneurysms to avoid activities that will increase intraabdominal pressure. This would include lifting anything so heavy it makes you grunt, doing sit-ups or crunches, or forceful straining on the toilet. ...Read more
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