Doctor insights on:
Can Rectal Cancer Spread To The Brain
Find a good team: Colorectal cancer with spread to the liver is a hotly debated and controversial topic. Multiple variables include - the location of the tumor, the symptoms it is producing, the location of the liver mets and their potentail for surgical removal. You need an experienced team that deals with this commonly (surgical and medical oncologists, maybe rad onc, as well). Good ct/pet is vital. ...Read more
Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more
Stage 4 rectal cancer two spots in lung and one on ovary doc wants to do chemo why when I read survival rate is very low for stage 4 that has spread.
Quality of life: If what you are describing is the case, then you cannot expect a cure, but chemo may give you an extra year or two of reasonably good health. Is there something you want to do? If not, I'd be surprised and frankly disappointed. A frank discussion is in order with your physicians and those who love you. Then whatever decision you make will be the right one. ...Read more
Unregulated growth: Cancer by definition is the growth in size and number in an unregulated manner of a cell line that has developed a mutation. The mutation is passed through the offspring which accumulate more and more mutations. The defining factor is that the cells act immortal as compared to normal cells that have a programmed lifespan. In the rectum this can occur in the cells that line the mucosal surface. ...Read more
Your oncologist can:
It is a goo d idea if you tell us some background to your question. Then we can tailor our response to the reason why you asked the question.
Here are 4 chemo drugs that we use for Rectal cancer treatment: 5-FU, Capecitabine, Irinotecan and Oxaliplatin. There are also some other medicines called targeted agents which are often added and given along with the chemotherapy. ...Read more
None: Don't rely on symptoms. Colonoscopy is what to do. Bleeding is a common symptom, but is could be too late. Other could be pain, a mass, cosntipation, weight loss. None of them are specific for colon cancer. Don't wait for symptoms. The screening power of colonoscopy to prevent colon cancer is excellent. Get your colonoscopy. ...Read more
No symptoms: Unfortunately early colon and rectal cancer will present with no symptoms. This is why it is important to be screened at an appropriate e age. This typically begins at 50 yrs for normal risk individuals. Rectal bleeding can be a sign which is why this should be evaluated by your doctor if present. ...Read more
Not likely.: Anal cancer can result from chronic irritation from condyloma acuminata, perianal fissures/fistulae, chronic hemmorrhids, leukoplakia, and trauma from anal intercourse. This presents with a triad of bleeding, pain, and perianal mass. Anal fissures, by themselves, do not lead to cancer, but if they are caused by some chronic process (anal intercourse), the epithelium react and can become cancer. ...Read more
Can need colostomy.: Athis is where the cancer does not go past the muscle layer. Surgery can treat this but there are risks. Surgery can be through the abdomen with or without surgery on the anus. The first way might need a temporary or permanent colostomy, an opening for expulsion of waste. The other way requires a permanent colostomy. Surgery may be done that just involves the anus, but that risks recurrence. ...Read more
Somewhat: Colon cancer and rectal caner are usually an adenocarcinoma. They are both located in the large intestine. The difference is that they are treated differently. Sometimes rectal cancer is first treated with radiation and chemotherapy before surgery. Colon cancer often does not use radiation therapy. Both cancers use surgery to remove the cancer. ...Read more
Chemo or Surgery: There are more options today. Rectal cancer metastatic to liver or lungs can be surgically removed if there are a limited number of tumors not affecting the liver or lung blood supply. Widespread rectal cancer is best treated with chemotherapy. In special circumstances, metastases can be treated with highly focused radiation or drugs can be injected into the tumor to shut down their blood supply. ...Read more
Rectal cancer: Cancer is very fragile. Anything hard enough rubbing on the cancer can cause bleeding. If one has rectal cancer- it can cause blockage / cause constipation/ change in bowel movement. And if a hard stool rubs on the large cancer tissue-the stool may cause the cancer to bleed. ...Read more
Age 50: The incidence of colorectal cancer goes up after age 50 which is why routine colonoscopy is recommended to begin at that age. The exception would be if you have a strong family history of colon cancer. In that circumstance your physician might decide to begin screening at an earlier age. ...Read more
Most do.: Most colorectal cancers arise in adenomatous polyps, which are the type of polyps that are examined for and removed in colonoscopy. Data now shows that removal of colorectal polyps decreases coloretcal cancers as well as the risk of dying from a colorectal cancer. Less frequently, colorectal cancers can be founs that do not arise from polyps. This most often happens in inflammatory bowel disease. ...Read more
A perianal bump in as young person is hard to determine, particularly since it has self resolved.
Could you have had a boil?
was it a blister?
Young person, if you are not bleeding, no pain, bump is resolved, healthy.
Ia will not worry.
Should it recur please see your physician. ...Read more
Location dependent: The closer rectal cancer is to the anus, the more likely it can affect muscle control of continence. Most surgeons will offer chemotherapy and radiation before surgery for stage 3 rectal cancer. After the tumor shrinks, surgery can be easier in terms of location from the anal sphincter muscles. Incontinence is not an expected result in most cases. ...Read more
Often there are no symptoms in early stages. Signs and symptoms include bleeding, change in bowel habits, occult blood in stool, abdominal pain, intestinal obstruction, anemia and if metastases develop, jaundice and abdominal swelling. See this site for more info.
http://www. Mayoclinic. Org/diseases-conditions/rectal-cancer/basics/definition/con-20036554. ...Read more
Confusing question: You say 2 yo and at possible colorectal cancer? Never heard of this. Years ago I recall an 8 yo that was part of a cancer family grouping studied at md anderson. Never anyone this young. I would consider anyone who told you this was possible to be misinformed. ...Read more
Could you tell me why my husband has had a stoma for s4 rectal cancer but now still has drainage that is awful?
Rectal Stump: There can still be discharge from the rectal stump. Even though stool won't be coming through the anus, the rectum still makes mucus that can drain and the bacteria in the rectum can make it malodorous. Moreover, if the rectal tumor is still present there can be dead tumor cells or infection in the area that adds to the drainage and makes it look and/or smell foul. ...Read more
What to do if my husband has rectal cancer (stage 4) he had a stoma now but still has drainage that sometimes is awful?
I assume he:
Was un-resectable and received a diverting colostomy. The reamaining rectum with the tumor will cause a discharge that may smell badly. I asssume he has or will receive radiation to the tumor along with chemotherapy which may help to control the local disease but will not prolong his life but may make the quality of life a bit better if given by qualified oncologist.
Comfort is the key here. ...Read more
My neighbors say my new doctor tends to overdiagnose everyone. He thinks I might have rectal cancer. Can you tell me the symptoms?
See a specialist: Symptoms can include rectal bleeding associated with your bms, a change in bowel habits, a change in the caliber of your stool, (narrow stools), rectal pain and most important, no symptoms whatsoever. A physician can feel a rectal mass which raises one's suspicion. The diagnosis can be made and confirmed by a colonoscopy performed by a colorectal surgeon or gastroenterologist. ...Read more
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