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Doctor insights on: Can Rectal Cancer Spread To The Brain

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If I have colon or rectal cancer that has spread to the liver, should I have chemotherapy first?

If I have colon or rectal cancer that has spread to the liver, should I have chemotherapy first?

Find a good team: Colorectal cancer with spread to the liver is a hotly debated and controversial topic. Multiple variables include - the location of the tumor, the symptoms it is producing, the location of the liver mets and their potentail for surgical removal. You need an experienced team that deals with this commonly (surgical and medical oncologists, maybe rad onc, as well). Good ct/pet is vital.

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Dr. Barry Rosen
4,323 Doctors shared insights

Cancer (Definition)

Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more


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Stage 4 rectal cancer two spots in lung and one on ovary doc wants to do chemo why when I read survival rate is very low for stage 4 that has spread.

Stage 4 rectal cancer two spots in lung and one on ovary doc wants to do chemo why when I read survival rate is very low for stage 4 that has spread.

Quality of life: If what you are describing is the case, then you cannot expect a cure, but chemo may give you an extra year or two of reasonably good health. Is there something you want to do? If not, I'd be surprised and frankly disappointed. A frank discussion is in order with your physicians and those who love you. Then whatever decision you make will be the right one.

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What is grade 1 rectal cancer?

What is grade 1 rectal cancer?

Grading: Grading depends on microscopic picture of cancer. Lower the grade like grade 1 better the prognosis. But grading is not the only thing determine prognosis.

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How do you diagnose rectal cancer?

How do you diagnose rectal cancer?

Colonoscopy: An endoscopic procedure such as proctoscopy, sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy is usually necessary to make the diagnosis.

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What is the definition or description of: rectal cancer?

What is the definition or description of: rectal cancer?

Unregulated growth: Cancer by definition is the growth in size and number in an unregulated manner of a cell line that has developed a mutation. The mutation is passed through the offspring which accumulate more and more mutations. The defining factor is that the cells act immortal as compared to normal cells that have a programmed lifespan. In the rectum this can occur in the cells that line the mucosal surface.

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What are the chances of survival for a person who is suffering rectal cancer?

Depends upon stage: The cure rate for early stage rectal cancers is over 90% with surgery alone, but the survival rate for advanced rectal cancers is much, much lower.

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How do you prevent rectal cancer?

How do you prevent rectal cancer?

Surveilance: The only proven effective method of reducing the incidence of colorectal cancer is surveillance colonoscopy with the removal of suspiciousmpolyps.

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What kind of doctors treats rectal cancer?

What kind of doctors treats rectal cancer?

Several: Rectal cancer treatment generally includes radiation therapy, chemotherapy and surgery. This is achieved through a coordinated approach by a radiation oncologist, medical oncologist, and rectal surgeon.

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What are the early signs of rectal cancer?

What are the early signs of rectal cancer?

Bleeding is hallmark: Symptom of rectal cancer. But by the time there is bleeding, it is usually advanced. This is why you should have your doctor examine your rectum, test stool for occult blood, and even do endoscopy if there is any suspicion of rectal cancer.

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How treatable/curable is rectal cancer?

Very: It depends upon the stage at refine of diagnosis, but most rectal cancers can be successfully treated. Some can be treated with surgery alone, but some require radiation and chemotherapy as well. The anys can be preserved (colostomy avoided) in most cases.

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What are your first symptoms of colon/rectal cancer?

What are your first symptoms of colon/rectal cancer?

None: Don't rely on symptoms. Colonoscopy is what to do. Bleeding is a common symptom, but is could be too late. Other could be pain, a mass, cosntipation, weight loss. None of them are specific for colon cancer. Don't wait for symptoms. The screening power of colonoscopy to prevent colon cancer is excellent. Get your colonoscopy.

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What would be the first symptoms of colon or rectal cancer?

What would be the first symptoms of colon or rectal cancer?

No symptoms: Unfortunately early colon and rectal cancer will present with no symptoms. This is why it is important to be screened at an appropriate e age. This typically begins at 50 yrs for normal risk individuals. Rectal bleeding can be a sign which is why this should be evaluated by your doctor if present.

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Does anal fissure leads to rectal cancer?

Does anal fissure leads to rectal cancer?

Not likely.: Anal cancer can result from chronic irritation from condyloma acuminata, perianal fissures/fistulae, chronic hemmorrhids, leukoplakia, and trauma from anal intercourse. This presents with a triad of bleeding, pain, and perianal mass. Anal fissures, by themselves, do not lead to cancer, but if they are caused by some chronic process (anal intercourse), the epithelium react and can become cancer.

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What is stage 1 rectal cancer treatment risk?

What is stage 1 rectal cancer treatment risk?

Can need colostomy.: Athis is where the cancer does not go past the muscle layer. Surgery can treat this but there are risks. Surgery can be through the abdomen with or without surgery on the anus. The first way might need a temporary or permanent colostomy, an opening for expulsion of waste. The other way requires a permanent colostomy. Surgery may be done that just involves the anus, but that risks recurrence.

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Are colon cancer and rectal cancer the same thing?

Are colon cancer and rectal cancer the same thing?

Somewhat: Colon cancer and rectal caner are usually an adenocarcinoma. They are both located in the large intestine. The difference is that they are treated differently. Sometimes rectal cancer is first treated with radiation and chemotherapy before surgery. Colon cancer often does not use radiation therapy. Both cancers use surgery to remove the cancer.

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What are the treatments for metastatic rectal cancer?

Chemo or Surgery: There are more options today. Rectal cancer metastatic to liver or lungs can be surgically removed if there are a limited number of tumors not affecting the liver or lung blood supply. Widespread rectal cancer is best treated with chemotherapy. In special circumstances, metastases can be treated with highly focused radiation or drugs can be injected into the tumor to shut down their blood supply.

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Can you tell me how is rectal cancer affected by stool?

Can you tell me how is rectal cancer affected by stool?

Rectal cancer: Cancer is very fragile. Anything hard enough rubbing on the cancer can cause bleeding. If one has rectal cancer- it can cause blockage / cause constipation/ change in bowel movement. And if a hard stool rubs on the large cancer tissue-the stool may cause the cancer to bleed.

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Should women be concerned about colon and rectal cancer?  

Should women be concerned about colon and rectal cancer?  

Yes: Women over 50, those with a family history of colon-rectal cancer, those with inflamatory bowel disease (crohns, ulcerative colitis), and a history of colon polyps have a higher than avetage risk and need to be screened more aggressively.

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When should you be concerned about colon and rectal cancer?

Age 50: The incidence of colorectal cancer goes up after age 50 which is why routine colonoscopy is recommended to begin at that age. The exception would be if you have a strong family history of colon cancer. In that circumstance your physician might decide to begin screening at an earlier age.

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Dr. Eric Kaplan
175 Doctors shared insights

Rectal Cancer (Definition)

Growth in size and number in an unregulated manner of a cell line that has developed a mutation, in this case it occurs in the cells that ...Read more