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Doctor insights on: Can One Person Be Infected With Both Hiv 1 And Hiv 2

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Dr. Lonnie Smith
16 doctors shared insights

Hiv (Definition)

Hiv infection is caused by a retrovirus....This retrovirus binds to CD4 cells (for the most part). You may detect the virus by several different methods. An elisa test (enzyme linked immunosorbent assay). You may also detect it by doing a test referred to as a western blot (a gel protein electrophoresis). Thirdly by pcr (polymerase chain reaction) which ...Read more


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Could one infected with both hiv-1 and hiv-2 at a time?

Yes: Infection with either hiv-1 or hiv-2 is not protective against a superimposed infection by the other virus. So in theory, yes, one could get both in one individual. Hiv-2 is fairly uncommon in the us so infection with it is unlikely. ...Read more

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How are hiv-1 and hiv-2 different?

How are hiv-1 and hiv-2 different?

Different types: Hiv-1 and hiv-2 are different types of hiv. Hiv-1 comprises the majority of HIV infection in the world. Hiv-2 is usually found in africa, and rarely elsewhere. Both hiv-1 and hiv-2 can usually be detected through the usual hiv-1/2 antibody test. Hiv-2 is typically less aggressive/virulent and less transmissible (more difficult to pass from one person to another). ...Read more

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What are the differences between hiv-1 and hiv-2?

What are the differences between hiv-1 and hiv-2?

Source of infection: Hiv-1 is the more common form of HIV in the usa/europe, while hiv-2 occurs predominantly in west african nations, and former portuguese colonies, such as angola, mozambique, and brazil, and in parts of india (goa, maharashtra). Many hiv1 medications are effective against hiv2. Usa cases of hiv2 are projected to be several hundred, although estimates vary. ...Read more

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Can you please tell me how hiv-1 and hiv-2 differ?

Geography: Hiv-2 is found mostly in west africa or in people who come from west africa. It's similar to hiv-1, but may progress more slowly to aids. There are also some drugs, particularly nnrtis, that don't work against hiv-2. ...Read more

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What is the difference in testing for hiv-1 and hiv-2?

What is the difference in testing for hiv-1 and hiv-2?

Different strain: Hiv-1 and hiv-2 both produce aids , both are lethal if untreated, infection spread same way. Hiv- 2 is less common mostly confined to west africa , genetic test will differentiate one from other. ...Read more

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Please help! what is the difference in testing between hiv-1 and hiv-2?

Please help! what is the difference in testing between hiv-1 and hiv-2?

Different types: HIV-1 and HIV-2 are different types of HIV. Both HIV-1 and HIV-2 can usually be detected through the usual HIV-1/2 antibody test. However, HIV-2 is more than 55% genetically different from HIV-1. Due to this genetic difference, HIV-1 and HIV-2 antigens are distinct enough that if a test is developed only to detect HIV-1, it will not reliably detect HIV-2. ...Read more

Dr. Ed Friedlander
1,422 doctors shared insights

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (Definition)

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus (a member of the retrovirus family) that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (aids), [1][2] a condition in humans in which progressive failure of the immune system allows life-threatening opportunistic infections ...Read more