Doctor insights on:
Can Kidney Stones Stay In The Kidney
Can a kidney stone stay in the kidney for three years? Without symptoms other than utis. (Question about a 4 year old)
The kidneys are paired organs that lie on either side of the vertebral column. Part of their critical functions include the excretion of urine and removal of nitrogenous wastes products from the blood. They regulate acid-base, electrolyte, fluid balance and blood pressure. Through hormonal signals, the kidneys control the ...Read more
Yes: Kidney stones typically cause pain when they cause obstruction. This is when the stone sits somewhere in the ureter and cause the kidney to dilate. Stones that sits within the kidney and not causing the kidney to dilate may cause renal colic as well. Instead of causing the whole kidney to obstruct, it causes a small part of the kidney to obstruct (infundibulum–caliceal level) and can cause pain. ...Read more
Stones: The most common type of kidney stone is composed of calcium oxalate. Stones form in the urinary system for a number of different reasons. Once the stone is formed they can travel from from the kidney and clog up the urinary system. Pain is caused by blockages in the urinary system. ...Read more
Most just happen: Known causes are not drinking plenty of water, too much milk / antacids (rare), kidney infections (proteus bacteria), vitamin d abuse, some genetic tendencies to absorb too much calcium, and more. Your physician will check you for gout, cystinuria, and hyperparathyroidism. ...Read more
Metabolic issue.: Kidney stones are initiated by metabolic derangements in the handling of urinary oxalate, uric acid or calcium, for example. These derangements can be hereditary, and they allow for crystals of these substances to form. These crystals serve as a nidus for stone creation. ...Read more
No well known cause.: Kidney stones are hard crystals made of minerals and acidic salt. If prone to have kidney stones, change your life style and dietary habits. Consume enough water for body hydration, limit products that contain oxalate such as, chocolate, black tea, soy cheese, sesame seeds, wheat bran, figs, and blueberry etc. Increase magnesium citrate like brown rice, bananas and avocados etc. Exercise regularly ...Read more
Time: If the stone is a passable size (5 millimeters or less), given time, the ureter which it is passing through will contract to pass the stone through into the bladder. You should maintain adequate hydration and be aware that most stones pass in the first 48 hours if they are going to pass on their own. ...Read more
Kidney stone.: Kidney stones up to 5mm in size will predictably pass on their own. Just drink plenty of water so you produce a lot of urine, dilate those ureters and allow the stone to pass. It may hurt while it's on its way out, but it'll pass. Bigger stones will likely get stuck and will cause tremendous pain and will have to be removed by lithotripsy or cystoscopy. ...Read more
X-rays: With either a sonogram, x-ray (kub) or ct of the abdomen without any contrast. The best method is a ct as it can give exact location and weather it is obstructing the kidney. By measuring hounsfield units, we can predict its composition. Sonograms are great and avoid radiation but it depends on expertise of sonographer. Kub is helpful to differentiate uric acid stones. Ivps were used in past. ...Read more
Beets and stones: Beets are rich in oxalate; calcium oxalate forms 80% of stones in adults; many foods contain oxalate, only nine foods are believed to increase importantly in the urine and then promote kidney stone formation. They are: beets, spinach, rhubarb, strawberries, nuts, chocolate, tea, wheat bran, and all dry beans It is best to avoid these foods. Drinking 3 to 4 liters per day of fluid is essential. ...Read more
Cure?: Depends on what they are made of. Uric acid stone are one type others are made of such elements are oxalate and others. Preventing them is best achieved with diet but and this is key with your doctors help. Some diet fads may make it worse. Once formed you may need help getting them out. Good luck ...Read more
Dehydration, stasis+: Not drinking enough results in concentrated urine + concentrated calcium salts which prexcipitate from urine, form nucleus for further calcium salt to come out of solution, attach & stone enlrges. Urinary stasis with hydronephrosis promotes precipitation & stone formation. Too much calcium in urine (hypercalcuria) major cause. Xs urinary uric acid or oxalate & low citrate all promote stones. ...Read more
Nephrolithotomy: While smaller kidneys stones can often be passed, staghorn stones often form in the calyces or conduit between the kidney and the ureters. These are considered complicated stones and often will require percutaneous (through the skin) nephrolithotomy by a urologist. ...Read more
From renal failure: Obstructing kidney tones on both sides or one side if there is a single functioning kidney can lead to renal failure, and if untreated to death. Enlarging metabolic or infectious staghorn stones occupying all drainage space within kidney will gradually destroy the organ and untreated lead to kidney failure and death. Hence large or enlarging kidney stones should be removed and then prevented. ...Read more
Consult with MD: Some stones may respond to medications and changes in diet. Some may need to be removed of broken in pieces with a special ultrasound machine. For others, nothing needs to be done. Your doctor will determine which category of stones you have, and which is the best recommendation for you. ...Read more
Surgery: The mainstay of treatment for kidney stones is surgery. If the stone is very small, medications may be used to help pass the stone spontaneously. However, for larger stones, surgery is the only option. Surgery includes endoscopic framgentation of the stones with various forms of therapy such as laser, electohydrohydraulic lithotripsy, or eswl (the bathtub with water). ...Read more
Depends upon: Size & composition of stones. Stones smaller than 5mm usually pass on their own & treated with high fluid intake & possibly flomax (tamsulosin). May require ureteroscopic break up & extraction if stuck & causing obstruction. Shockwave lithotripsy for stones uup to 15 mm in diameter. Percutaneous lithotripsy if larger than 15 mm or staghorn stone. May require medication if 2 much calcium or uric acid in urine. ...Read more
Solutes precipitate and combine to form stones formed of calcium oxalate usually around a nidus of uric acid. Other solutes that form stones are ca and mg phosphates, cystine, and uric acid staghorn calculi form in the presence of chronic urinary tract infections. Stones can be painful, may require ...Read more
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