Doctor insights on:
Can Adrenal Glands Cause Pain
HPA axis: Untreated anxiety, over time, leads to hyper-activation of the hpa (hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal) axis, resulting in chronically elevated glucocorticoid (stress hormone) levels, which has been implicated in contributing to numerous disease processes, including heart disease, stroke, cancer, as well as weakening the immune system, increasing susceptibility to infectious diseases. ...Read more
Anxiety & fear: Trigger the fight/flight reaction to a perceived threat. The brain signals the adrenal glands to release Adrenalin as part of that reaction. Fight/flight includes muscle tension, cold hands & feet, increased heart rate, rapid & shallow breathing, stomach upset, headaches, dry mouth, increased sweating, mind racing, & insomnia. ...Read more
Husband has foculsegmental glomularsclerosis & is exhausted. No probs adrenal glands, what else could it be that causes exhaustion?
Exhaustion: Profound fatigue can accompany renal disease, use of corticosteroids, depression, anemia, overwork, and numerous other factors. Discuss this with his doctor and see what is going on since have no access to his records and cannot examine him. Hope he perks up soon. Good luck. ...Read more
Why does acetylcholine, an inhibitory neurotransmitter, cause the adrenal glands to release stimulatory hormones?
Not correct: Hi. Acetyl choline (ACh) is not an inhibitory neurotransmitter. The sympathetic nervous system uses ACh as the neurotransmitter in the sympathetic ganglia (the 1st synapse outside the CNS). Usually that's from one neuron to another, but in the adrenal medulla, the cells are really the second neuron, but they release their contents (catecholamines) into the blood, not onto an organ (like the heart) ...Read more
43 yo f, afternoon cortisol high, cortisol suppression test high, CT of adrenal glands normal. Other causes of elevated cortisol?
Pituitary: Cortisol is under control of the pituitary. You need to know if the source is coming from the pituitary. We call this Cushing disease. See a specialist to work this up. Cushing's is one of the most difficult diagnosis to make, even for a specialist. ...Read more
Can pheochromocytoma cause brain lesions if left untreated or unseen? Also which body parts can they be found in? Just adrenal glands or other organs?
Are the small vessels of the pituitary as susceptible to thrombosis as the vessels of the adrenal glands, or is adrenal insufficiency caused by thrombosis limited to adrenal glands only?
Adrenal hemmorrhage: Adrenal hemorrhage can occur for a variety of reasons, one of which is adrenal vein thrombosis. This usually occurs in complicated settings (cancer, hypercoag states). Hemorrhage can destroy the glands. This does not usually occur in the pituitary. Except for sheehan's syndrome: postpartum pituitary hemorrhage due to shock/bleeding in a susceptible pituitary (enlarged and ready for lactation). ...Read more
What are the diagnostics test (s) should I do to make sure my thyroid, adrenal glands are ok? Can I detect anemia from CBC test? What else other than this three abnormalities can cause ADHD like feelings?
Basic stuff: CBC is 100% sensitive for anemia. Thyroid / TSH panel will not miss hyper or hypothyroidism. Morning cortisol is your screen for Addison's; history is best screen for Cushing's rather than dexamethasone suppression test. Be open to the idea that a difficult life situation might explain your feeling unwell before "going gluten-free" or whatever, and be aware that adult ADHD is real and treatable. ...Read more
No!: Fixed magnets (as opposed to powered electromagnets) produce weak magnetic fields. There is no compelling evidence that these types of magnets exert any physiological effect. They should have no effect on adrenal glands or potassium. Furthermore magnets do not "improve blood flow". The iron in your blood exists in a form that is totally non-magnetic (like rust). ...Read more
May not be needed: The adrenal makes cortisol and adrenaline, which are stress hormones. People who are stressed out are sometimes persuaded that it’s the adrenal’s fault. This is usually not true. "adrenal fatigue" is often a fake diagnosis. Poor adrenal function is determined by an acth (cotrosyn) stim test, and not by measuring just one blood or saliva level. See an endocrinologist about this if necessary. ...Read more
Endocrine glands: Adrenal glands are small triangular shaped glands that sit on top of your kidneys and produce neurotransmitters (epinephrine/norepinephrine), corticosteroids, and mineralcorticoids. They have many effects on the body, including salt/water balance, blood sugar balance, energy metabolism, and immune system regulation. ...Read more
Adrenal gland: What are you treating them for? The treatment depends on what problem you have with them. In cushing's syndrome, the adrenals make too much cortisol and in addison's disease they make too little. The treatment of these diseases is quite different. Please rephrase your question for a meaningful answer. ...Read more
Multifunctional: Very briefly, the adrenal gland can be divided between the cortex and medulla. The cortex makes a variety of hormones which control salt balance, cortisol, and androgens. The medulla primarily secretes norepinephrine and epinephrine. Functions of medulla and cortex are completely different as are the way their hormones are made and how they work. ...Read more
ACTH test: The adrenal makes cortisol and adrenaline, both of which are stress hormones. People who are stressed out and having trouble coping are sometimes persuaded that it’s the adrenal’s fault. This is usually not true. Poor adrenal function is determined by an acth (cotrosyn) stim test. See an endocrinologist if you have concerns. ...Read more
Making Hormones: The adrenal cortex makes aldosterone (key regulator of sodium, potassium, and water balance), cortisol (suppresses inflammation, helps the body adapt to illness and injuries), and testosterone-like hormones such as dhea-sulfate and androstenedione. The inner part, or medulla, makes adrenaline (epinephrine) and similar hormones that help your body in "fight or flight" emergencies. ...Read more
Yes: Adrenal growths are not common. Within and expanding the adrenal gland are those tumors of medullary origin. Cortical lesions can produce extensive masses such as those inducing Cushings disease. The medullary pheochomocytomas are benign in 90% of cases and cortical malignancies are also rare Whether benign or malignant, lesions found on the adrenal gland on scan are noted as adrenal tumors ...Read more
Why do you ask?: Are you asking a simple anatomical question or do you have some mystical notion about blood? No magic here: Everything except your heart & lungs gets blood from branches off the aorta. The adrenals get blood from the superior, middle & inferior suprarenal arteries. You can easily find such information yourself by doing a web search. Now, study hard so you can do better on the next pop quiz. ...Read more
Generally not: But it depends upon what was wrong with your adrenal glands in the first place. Discuss w/your doctor. ...Read more
No assumptions: In medicine you do not start with the diagnosis. You start with the symptoms. Fatigue is a common complaint in our world where we eat too much sugar, do not get enough good sleep and do not exercise. Energy drinks are often causing more fatigue by wearing out the heart muscle by causing the heart to beat too fast tricking the brain that this is energy. You need a thorough blood and medical test. ...Read more
Cortisol, a.M. Test 15.7. No p.M. Test. Concerned re adrenal glands: 20+ cort. Inj. In 2011. Should I have the a.M. And p.M. Tests?
No. Just not true.: I'm sorry someone told you something that foolish. It won't give you addison's disease, and it won't make you short, fat, stupid, hairy, ugly, smooth, infertile, or an unfit husband / father. Your adrenals get you through the most intense physical and mental stress -- while enjoying your body makes it possible for you to relax, sleep, and become a functioning adult. ...Read more
Exam should include the adrenals, but they are hard to see with ultrasound unless abnormally large.
They are not usually commented on in an us report unless clearly abnormal. ...Read more
Maybe nothing: A mass on the adrenal is sometimes found incidentally during a ct scan for something else. Questions to ask: is it making too much hormone, such as cortisol (causing cushing's syndrome) or adrenaline (causing pheochromocytoma). Is it large, or expanding, and therefore a cancer risk? If the mass is small, not enlarging, and not secreting anything, it is probably nothing to worry about. ...Read more
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