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Doctor insights on: Burns

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Dr. Charles Breaux
3,011 doctors shared insights

Burns (Overview)

A burn is an injury to the skin caused by heat, flames, or chemicals. Burns are more or less severe depending on which layers of the skin are affected. A first-degree burn is in the epidermis, or the top layer of the skin. A second-degree burn affects the dermis, or second layer of the skin. A third-degree burn goes all the way through the skin. A fourth-degree burn extends to deeper structures such as muscle and bone.


Dr. Charles Breaux
3,011 doctors shared insights

Burns (Overview)

A burn is an injury to the skin caused by heat, flames, or chemicals. Burns are more or less severe depending on which layers of the skin are affected. A first-degree burn is in the epidermis, or the top layer of the skin. A second-degree burn affects the dermis, or second layer of the skin. A third-degree burn goes all the way through the skin. A fourth-degree burn extends to deeper structures such as muscle and bone.


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Treating Burns (Tip)

Treating Burns

Immediate application of running water is the best first aid application. ...See more

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Treating Burns (Checklist)

For minor burns, run cool water on the area
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Cover the burn with a sterile gauze bandage
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Use over-the-counter pain relievers like acetaminophen and ibuprofen
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What are the permanant complication of burns?

What are the permanant complication of burns?

Primarily scarring: Severe burns and skin grafting result in scarring. The scars may not look as nice as one would like. In addition, the scars can cause functional problems, especially with range-of-motion of joints. Scar modification therapies, such as pressure garments, and other therapies such as physical and occupational therapy can help. There is also the possibility of surgical scar revision. ...Read more

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Caring for Your Toddler (Tip)

Caring for Your Toddler

Watch your toddler closely when in the kitchen to avoid scald or contact burns. ...See more

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What's the definition of a chemical eye burns?

What's the definition of a chemical eye burns?

Caustic eye injury: The pH of the eye is 7.4, so if a chemical is too acidic or too basic, it can damage the eye if it gets in. It damages the surface of the eye ( a 'burn' ) and can lead to permanent scarring. If you ever get a chemical in your eye that causes instant pain, make sure you pour water in your eye immediately to dilute the chemical and minimize damage. ...Read more

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How long does friction burns to the knee take to heal ? Also they did bleed. And I'm using savalon healing gel

How long does friction burns to the knee take to heal ? Also they did bleed. And I'm using savalon healing gel

Depends: If the wound base is pink and reddish, then probably 1-2 weeks. If the wound base is white, then the abrasion might be deeper, 2-3 weeks. You can wash the area with soap and water and apply an antibiotic ointment to the area, and cover with a dressing. It'll heal faster. If it doesn't heal after 2 weeks, you should go see your doctor. ...Read more

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Caring for Your Toddler (Tip)

Caring for Your Toddler

Set your hot water heater temperature no higher than 120 deg f to avoid tap water scald burns. ...See more