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Doctor insights on: Bulging Disc L3 L4

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Dr. Thomas Dowling
856 doctors shared insights

Bulging Disk (Definition)

Wear and tear can cause degeneration in the vertebral column, and cause discs to deteriorate. The supportive basket, nucleus fibrosis develops small tears. A bulge is minimal perhaps a few millimeters, and is clinically insignificant, but additional disc displacement such as protrusion or herniation may compress ...Read more


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What does this mean? L-5 s-1 there is central disc protrusion which contacts the thecal sac and bilateral facet degenerative change thickening flavum

What does this mean? L-5 s-1 there is central disc protrusion which contacts the thecal sac and bilateral facet degenerative change thickening flavum

Disc & Facet Issues: Looks like by the verbage you gave, your MRI suggests that you have disc herniation at L5/S1. "Central" just means in the middle of the spinal canal,"bilateral facet degenerative change thickening flavum" suggests arthritis of the facet joint and the ligament that protects the spine is thickened due to that arthritis. Protrusion is just another name for a herniation. ...Read more

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L3-l5 no disk disease, minor degenerative facet change, no impingement. L5-s1 no disk disease, bilateral degenerative facet change no impingement. Mean?

L3-l5 no disk disease, minor degenerative facet change, no impingement. L5-s1 no disk disease, bilateral degenerative facet change no impingement. Mean?

Back pain: You are describing low back arthritis in terms of an MRI of the lumbar spine. Low back pain can be generated from degenerated or torn discs, nerve impingement from herniated discs, and inflammed or degenerated joints (facet) that connect one segment of the spine with an adjacent segment. Reducing or eliminating low back pain involves physical therapy, injections, and possibly surgery. ...Read more

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X-ray results showed- advanced L5-S1 degenerative disc disease, moderate facet in lower lumbar spine, L5-S1 4mm retrolistnesis and moderate sclerosis ?

X-ray results showed- advanced L5-S1 degenerative disc disease, moderate facet in lower lumbar spine, L5-S1 4mm retrolistnesis and moderate sclerosis ?

Worn down: L5-S1 is the lowest motion segment in the spine. The MRI shows that level has become "worn down" leading to degeneration of the disc and the facet joints, sclerosis, and a slight slippage (retro listless) of one vertebrae on the other. Don't hesitate to be seen. Many good treatment options available. ...Read more

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Two disc herniations 1 pinching C8 ddd canal stenosis and severe carpal tunnel syndrome in both hands. Which is causing severe hand numbness 3yrs ?

Two disc herniations 1 pinching C8 ddd canal stenosis and severe carpal tunnel syndrome in both hands. Which is causing severe hand numbness 3yrs ?

Likely carpal tunnel: Both have overlap within the hands depending upon the distribution. MRI is necessary of cervical spine and in many cases if distribution is not distinct, further an EMG/Nerve conduction study to delineate. In most cases however, it is more likely the carpal tunnel is the culprit. Consultation/examination by a neurosurgeon would be most appropriate for diagnosis. ...Read more

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Post fusion 2009: now l4-5 right facet joint arthrosis, severe neural foriminal stenosis with some compression. Surgery needed?

Post fusion 2009: now l4-5 right facet joint arthrosis, severe neural foriminal stenosis with some compression.  Surgery needed?

Need for 2nd O.R.: Adjacent level changes are common after fusion surgery. Conservative treatment is still warranted like therapy, body mechanics, and facet ( joint) injections, but surgery may be an appropriate option at the appropriate time. ...Read more

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Do I need surgery for a Bulging disc compressing on thec sac, I have intermittent nerve pain in legs ?

Do I need surgery for a Bulging disc compressing on thec sac, I have intermittent nerve pain in legs ?

Bulging disc: Just having a bulging disc dose not mean surgery. Your pain is intermittent only - what matters is are there ant other features (weakness, sensory deficit etc...) and how bad the pain is in terms of what you can and cannot do. ...Read more

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Ongoing pain in neck and trapped nerve. After having a mri and xray it has been confirmed bulging disc between c5 c6. Surgery next option?

Ongoing pain in neck and trapped nerve.  After having a mri  and xray it has been confirmed bulging disc between c5 c6.  Surgery next option?

Cervical spine surge: Surgery should be your last option. More than 90% of damaged discs heal by themselves over time. For ongoing nerve pain and neck pain , you should get a cervical epidural steroid injection done by a qualified and experienced pain physician under x-ray guidance. Also start physical therapy as soon as you can to relieve muscular spasm. ...Read more

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I have herniated buldged& compressed discs?

I have herniated buldged& compressed discs?

Symptoms?: Sounds like you had an imaging study. Herniated bulged and compressed discs are of no significance unless you have symptoms that correlate with the noted abnormalities. ...Read more

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Bony structure under medial malleolus bilaterally, no pain w/ compression, tibial nerve is palpable, mild flat foot.Could it be misaligned calcaneus?

Bony structure under medial malleolus bilaterally, no pain w/ compression, tibial nerve is palpable, mild flat foot.Could it be misaligned calcaneus?

Misaligned talus: Is usually what happens with what you are describing. This happens in a pronatory foot. Orthotics are good conservative treatment. An implant between the talus and calcaneus is a surgical option. ...Read more

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Local back pain from lifting weights. X-rays lumbar/pelvis/SI joint. Mild Ensteophyte formation at illiac crests. is this common? follow up needed?

Local back pain from lifting weights. X-rays lumbar/pelvis/SI joint. Mild Ensteophyte formation at illiac crests. is this common? follow up needed?

Osteophytes are spurs: Osteophytes are bone spurs and accumulate with life and uncertain how much they are contributing to you back pain which can occur for lots of reasons - bone, disc, muscle, tendon, bursa etc. I suspect you had the osteophytes way before you were lifting weights. You need an evaluation for the reason you have back pain. ...Read more

Dr. Paul Velt Dr. Velt
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I had a L4-L5 left hemilaminectomy. 6 mo post-op MRI "Residual or recurrent moderate focal L subarticular protrusion-extrusion". Have L-radiculopathy.

Dr. Paul Velt Dr. Velt
2 doctors agreed:
I had a L4-L5 left hemilaminectomy. 6 mo post-op MRI "Residual or recurrent moderate focal L subarticular protrusion-extrusion". Have L-radiculopathy.

Seems likely: Seems from what you say there is disc in the left nerve path. Not that this doesn't happen it does and fairly frequently. Sometimes even scar tissue can be guilty of these symptoms as well. Talk to your surgeon about further treatment. ...Read more

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Spinal epidural block forpeople with disc extrusion?

Spinal epidural block forpeople with  disc extrusion?

Yes: It can be given in this situation but often times not preferable. The reason being, if the disc situation were to worsen during procedure positioning(ie, someone developes a neurologic deficit) it would be unclear as to what caused the deficit-the epidural or the disc. A laboring pregnant woman may receive an epidural, but the above situation and risks must be understood by patient. ...Read more

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2Tarlov cysts at S2 (racepinephrine) 17X15mm and 14X13mm causing scalloping of bone. Feel head and ear pressure. Need surgical removal? Any other treatment methods?

2Tarlov cysts at S2 (racepinephrine) 17X15mm and 14X13mm causing scalloping of bone. Feel head and ear pressure. Need surgical removal? Any other treatment methods?

Tarlov cysts: Hello, these are benign perineural cysts or cysts in between the coverings of the nerves, usually found co-incidentally at MRI of low back. Yours are 1.7cm and 1.5cm and are small by comparison. These should not be symptomatic, let alone need surgery, your head and ear pain probably unrelated. But see an expert ~ a neuro-surgeon to ask ! thanks ...Read more

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Pain on the back of heel to touch with numbing in surrounding area( leg weakness at times and low back annular tear L5S1 w/disc protrusion) related?

Pain on the back of heel  to touch with numbing in surrounding area( leg weakness at times and low back annular tear L5S1 w/disc protrusion) related?

Probably yes.: Disc protrusion at that level can cause compression and damage to the sensory and motor nerves that supply the leg. Ask your doctor for a referral to an orthopedic surgeon or neurosurgeon. ...Read more

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Mri- c5-6 there is apparent central bony bar abutting the ventral cervical cord. What does this mean?

May mean nothing : The bar is a bone spur. Caused by disc degeneration at that level. It is a common finding and may not mean anything clinically. The important question is whether or not there is actual spinal cord compression. Per your question, it sounds as if the spinal canal is narrowed a bit (stenosis), but there is not any spinal cord compression. Frequently, pt and traction can be of benefit. ...Read more