Doctor insights on:
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia In Children
Rarely: Bpd can happen in even term infants exposed to high oxygen concentration, and prolonged high ventilator support, which are rarely needed for a term infant, the risk factors are meconium aspiration, pneumonia, congenital abnormalities of lungs like diaphragmatic hernia, pulmonary hypertension, polycythemia etc. ...Read more
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia is a form of chronic lung disease that affects newborns (mostly premature) and infants. It results from damage to the lungs caused by mechanical ventilation and long-term use of oxygen for more than 28 days. Most infants recover from BPD, but some may ...Read more
Lung scarring: Bronchopulmonary dysplasia is a condition of airway & lung scarring that occurs in premi's & micro premi's during their prolonged need for ventilation or oxygen in those critical weeks. Xrays are seen to gradually change to show the characteristic patterns that correlate with pathology seen under the microscope when a kid doesn't survive. ...Read more
See below: Chronic lung condition that is caused by tissue damage to the lungs, imarked by inflammation, exudate, scarring, fibrosis, and emphysema, and usually occurs in immature infants who have received mechanical ventilation and supplemental oxygen as treatment for respiratory distress syndrome. Bronchopulmonary (BRONG-ko-PUL-mo-NAR-e) dysplasia (dis-PLA-ze-ah). I hope this helps. ...Read more
Low oxygen levels: Premature babies who suffer rds may later develop bpd. I assume this is what you reference. This scarring of the lungs causes decrease in oxygen in the blood due to poor oxygen transport in the lungs. These children often have to have nasal oxygen supplements and are at high risk for asthma symptoms and pneumonia. ...Read more
Breathing difficulty: Most infants who develop BPD are born more than 10 weeks before their due dates, weigh less than 2 pounds (about 1, 000 grams) at birth, and have breathing problems. Infections that occur before or shortly after birth also can contribute to BPD. Infants that recover may have problems with asthma. More severe cases may require ventilatory support. ...Read more
Oxygen dependency: Bpd is a disease of the lungs of premature babies. Specific definitions vary, however is is generally defined as oxygen need at about one month of age. It typically results from long term mechanical ventilation in premies. The lungs continue to grow for he first few years of life and many outgrow the condition. ...Read more
Chronic lung disease: Bronchopulmonary dysplasia is a form of chronic lung disease that affects newborns (mostly premature) and infants. It results from damage to the lungs caused by mechanical ventilation and long-term use of oxygen for more than 28 days. Most infants recover from BPD, but some may have long-term breathing difficulty. ...Read more
Several: Long-term consequences of bpd and its associated treatments may include growth restriction, low oxygen levels, high carbon dioxide levels, high blood pressures in the lungs and body, abnormal neurodevelopment, impairment of vision and hearing, and left ventricular hypertrophy (a cardiac condition). It is therefore critical that infants with bpd have close coordinated follow-up. ...Read more
Diet for BPD: While diet alone has not been shown to improve bpd symptoms, a healthy diet is important for growth and lung development, including on that includes leafy green vegetables high in anti-oxidants that can help reduce some of the oxidative damage involved in bpd. Low vitamin a and e levels have also been implicated in bpd, most pediatricians recommend a multivitamin such as poly- vi-sol. ...Read more
Not a newborn DX: Bronchopulmonary dysplasia is not present at birth. It is a condition of airway & lung scarring that occurs in premi's & micro premi's during their prolonged need for ventilation or oxygen in those critical weeks. Xrays are seen to gradually change to show the characteristic patterns that correlate with pathology seen under the microscope when a kid doesn't survive. ...Read more
Options: Close attention to nutrition, caloric intake, weight gain, possible vitamin supplementation is also advised. Supplemental oxygen, diuretics and avoiding infections such as RSV. It is advisable to check with you pediatrician regarding the use of a monoclonal antibody against RSV, a type of viral infection which can result in hospitalization. ...Read more
Immature lungs: The lungs of premature babies have not had time to develop, so they do not function as well as a full-term baby’s lungs. Many times, babies with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) are born with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). Their lungs are usually not able to make enough surfactant (a liquid that coats the lungs) to help keep them open so oxygen can flow through and help them breathe. ...Read more
BPD: Bronchi pulmonary dysplasia is more common in premature babies who have on respirator for a long time. There is no natural therapy for them. Avoiding triggers like cigarette smoking, avoiding infections might help to heal the lungs faster. ...Read more
If the doctors say that my daughter has bronchopulmonary dysplasia, how long will she need to have supplemental o2?
Varies: It is difficult to reliably predict how long your child will require oxygen therapy if diagnosed with bpd. This depends upon the severity of the bpd and your child's ability to recover over time. Growth is one factor that will afford your baby the potential to recover with time. Some children require oxygen for short periods of time (weeks and months) and others long periods of time (years). ...Read more
Not exactly: Premature babies often develop respiratory distress syndrome (rds) from being on ventilators with extra oxygen in order to survive. If they don't recover completely, rds can turn into a chronic lung condition in babies and children which makes breathing difficult and sometimes requires prolonged oxygen support. The chronic condition is called bronchopulmonary dysplasia. ...Read more
Degree of injury: Bpd is likely to occur in infants whose rds was prolonged and whose airway pressures for ventilation were high enough to produce the level of airway injury seen with bpd. The human system has a great capacity to repair itself over time & the bpd kid is the one whose lungs may show abnormalities for several years while the transient rds kid's lung is essentially normal by age 1. ...Read more
If an infant has pulmonary hypertension secondary to BPD (bronchopulmonary dysplasia), will the pulmonary hypertension go away as the lungs mature?
BPD: It may. Close follow up with your peds pulmonologist is very important. Best of luck. ...Read more
Can docs please explain are bronchopulmonary dysplasia and infant respiratory distress syndrome the same thing?
No: Respiratory distress syndrome refers to immaturity of the lungs and the resulting constellation of symptoms seen in premature infants. Bronchi pulmonary dysphasia or chronic lung disease is often the end result of severe RDS which required lots of respiratory support and refers to the prolonged need for oxygen or diuretic or bronchodilator therapy to treat these relatively maldeveloped lungs. ...Read more
2 yr old w/ history of chronic lung disease (bronchopulmonary dysplasia), recently d/c supplemental O2. Is it safe to travel to high altitudes?
Sure: You may want to discuss this with your OB prior to conception as they may just want to look at pelvic x-rays to determine if there would be any problems with vaginal delivery (usually not with just dysplasia). But you do this before pregnant so fetus not exposed to radiation. At worst, you might need C-section, but no reason not to be able to have kids. ...Read more
Ectodermal dysplasia: Ectodermal dysplasia = group of syndromes/disorder affecting structure of ectodermal origin (such as skin, hair, nails, teeth, sweat glands). ...Read more
Abnormal cells: This is complicated so stay with me. Hpv is a virus that can infect cells on the cervix. When hpv gets into the cell it can cause the cell to make abnormal proteins. This makes the cell look different under the microscope. If the infection progresses, the cells can become cancerous. This is rare but dysplasia should be addressed. It can go away on its own in some cases. Others need treatment. ...Read more