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Doctor insights on: Brainstem Syndrome

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Syndrome of optic atrophy?

Syndrome of optic atrophy?

Optic nerve damage: Optic atrophy refers to changes in the appearance of the optic nerve. The optic disc (where the optic nerve enters the eye) appears pale or whitish vs. The normal pink color. The presence of optic atrophy means there is damage to the optic nerve. This can occur with many different diseases (except glaucoma). The degree of visual loss depends on the severity of the optic nerve damage. ...Read more

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What are frey syndrome, horner's syndrome and shy-drager syndrome?

What are frey syndrome, horner's syndrome and shy-drager syndrome?

What do they have in: They all have abnormalities of autonomics and other nervous sytem problems. ...Read more

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Does paraneoplastic neurological syndrome cause tachycardia?

Does paraneoplastic neurological syndrome cause tachycardia?

Well it can. : paraneoplastic syndromes of the nervous system usually can have varying symptoms of all kinds depending on the body part being injured. one of the things that can be injured is known as Dysautonomia. This means injury to the body functions that are involuntary that includes heart rate. ...Read more

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Which person discovered crouzonodermoskeletal syndrome (crouzon syndrome)?

Which person discovered crouzonodermoskeletal syndrome (crouzon syndrome)?

Crouzon: Crouzon craniofacial dysostosis was described by crouzon in 1912. The genetic cause was not identified until 1994 and the credit goes to a number of different geneticists - reardon and preston independently helped narrow the genetic inheritance to the fgfr2 gene. ...Read more

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Is cubital tunnel syndrome rare?

Is cubital tunnel syndrome rare?

No: it is not rare but less prevalent than carpal tunnel syndrome for every 20 carpal tunnels i do one cubital tunnel release ...Read more

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Is demyelination related to compartment syndrome?

Is demyelination related to compartment syndrome?

Yes and no: Demyelination refers to damage to a nerve that causes the myelin sheaths (which help conduct electricity faster along nerves) to either shrink or go away entirely, thus affecting the overall ability of the nerve to move signals along its length. Compartment syndrome refers to an acute condition of increased pressure in a confined space, normally the forearm or lower leg. It can injure nerves. ...Read more

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Is thoracic outlet syndrome fatal?

Is thoracic outlet syndrome fatal?

No.: There is no known mortality associated with thoracic outlet syndrome, but complications can arise during surgical treatment. ...Read more

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Can paraneoplastic neurological syndrome be reversed?

Can paraneoplastic neurological syndrome be reversed?

Removal of primary: Complete removal of the tumor causing the paraneoplastic syndrome should help. However, the lesions may not be reversible. See this site for more info. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/paraneoplastic-syndromes/basics/definition/CON-20028459 ...Read more

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Describe the disorder called brain dysfunction (encephalopathy).?

Describe the disorder called brain dysfunction (encephalopathy).?

Delirium: Encephalopathy refers to symptoms related to the brains higher cognitive or thinking functions. This means people have altered levels of consciousness ( lethargic or even comatose to agitated and restless) they are often confused, may have hallucinations, . It is a consequence of a large # of possible problems from infections, drug side effects, to things like kidney or liver failure. ...Read more

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Which peripheral nerves are affected with guillain barre syndrome ?

Which peripheral nerves are affected with guillain barre syndrome ?

Affected nerves are:: Any peripheral sensory-motor branch of nerves that affect the anterior musculature of the leg and foot. Becuase gb causes upper motor nerve disruption of muscular function, the most affected nerves are those in the lower leg and foot that are part of the "swing" phase of gait, namely the extensor muscle of the foot and anterior tibialis muscle. The nerve roots affected are l3-l4-l5-s1. ...Read more

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What is rare anterior ethmoid nerve syndrome?

What is rare anterior ethmoid nerve syndrome?

Headache Variant: Anterior ethmoid nerve syndromes is a series of symptoms resulting from irritation of the terminal branches of the anterior ethmoidal nerve. The referred pains arising from this nerve are chiefly of the sinus type but may also take the form of headache, sometimes of a migrainous character. ...Read more

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Is thoracic outlet syndrome permanent?

Is thoracic outlet syndrome permanent?

Not necessarily.: Assuming that is correct diagnosis, this can commonly be helped with physical therapy. There may be necessity to consider surgical intervention for refractory symptoms, yet that surgery is commonly successful. This is a difficult diagnosis, to come to, so I would make sure you are comfortable with how you came to this diagnosis, and if not consider another opinion. ...Read more

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Can tethered cord syndrome in adults cause migraine headaches?

Can tethered cord syndrome in adults cause migraine headaches?

Its a stretch: since the cord is tethered at the exact opposite end (the tail) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2565560/ ...Read more

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What is tethered spinal cord syndrome?

What is tethered spinal cord syndrome?

Stretched spine: Tethered cord syndrome is where the spinal cord is stretched because it failed to grow along with the rest of the spine. The cord is attached to the sacrum but as we grow as a child this attachment lengthens along with our body growing taller. When this does not happen, the cord stretches and this causes pain, weakness, and bowel/bladder problems. If very symptomatic, it requires surgery. ...Read more

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What's guillian barre syndrome (gbs) syndrome?

What's guillian barre syndrome (gbs) syndrome?

Auto-immune reaction: A triggered auto-immune reaction usually against the myelin of peripheral nerves. In a subset of individuals, the response is also directed at the nerve cells. This causes slowing of nerve conduction and motor weakness classically in an ascending pattern from the legs proximally. The attack may be so dramatic as to cause breathing difficulty requiring a respirator. Treatment options exist. ...Read more

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Spasticity common with tarsal tunnel syndrome???

Spasticity common with tarsal tunnel syndrome???

To some extent: Compression of the structures in the tarsal tunnel can cause muscular spasm of the medial aspect of the foot. On the other hand, if it is particularly severe, there may be something else going on. ...Read more

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What is abdominal cutaneous nerve entrapment syndrome?

Pinched nerve: I think you are referring to the lateral cutaneous femoral nerve syndrome. This is a situation where a nerve branch gets entrapped and can lead to numbness and sometimes pain in the anterior thigh. ...Read more

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Which sort of MRI to detect cauda equina syndrome?

Which sort of MRI to detect cauda equina syndrome?

Lumbar: A lumbar spine MRI would cover the bottom of the spinal (i.e. The conus medullaris) the the nerve roots coursing out of the conus( cauda equina). ...Read more