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Doctor insights on: Brain Malformations In Children

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What symptoms do people with brain malformations usually have?

What symptoms do people with brain malformations usually have?

Varied: There are many different types of brain malformations, thus the symptom complex is varied. Some common symptoms are seizures, developmental delay, failure to thrive, language delay, blindness, etc. The list goes on and is dependent on the areas of the brain affected by the malformations. ...Read more

Dr. Richard Pergolizzi
18 Doctors shared insights

Brain Malformations (Definition)

Are anatomic abnormalities of the brain that occur as a result of a disturbance in the normal process of fetal brain formation. They can range from very minor anomalies of no ...Read more


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What is the definition or description of: Brain malformations?

What is the definition or description of: Brain malformations?

Brain malformations: Are anatomic abnormalities of the brain that occur as a result of a disturbance in the normal process of fetal brain formation. They can range from very minor anomalies of no clinical significance, to lethal. ...Read more

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What types of brain malformations occur in the cerebellum?

What types of brain malformations occur in the cerebellum?

Many.: Dany-walker cyst, chiari ii malformation, arachnoid cysts, vein of galen aneurysm, inferior vermian hypoplasia, cerebellar hypoplasia and ependymal tumors can all present in the posterior brain fossa of fetuses or children. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: Head and brain malformations?

What is the definition or description of: Head and brain malformations?

Head and brain: Malformations= numerous abnormalities that can occur due to disorders of, or interruption of, the normal pathways of fetal cranial development ...Read more

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What's the best way to treat Chiari brain malformations?

What's the best way to treat Chiari brain malformations?

Surgery: If significant and symptomatic, subocciptial craniotomy is
often employed to decompress cerebellar tonisls if they protrude more than 5 mm below the foramen magnum.. ...Read more

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Should women born severly premature (micro baby) get a MRI to rule out brain malformations before pregnancy? Can I ask for one?

Should women born severly premature (micro baby) get a MRI to rule out brain malformations before pregnancy? Can I ask for one?

Premature infants: Routinely get cranial ultrasounds in the nursery after they are born. Before delivery, neurologic (brain) abnormalities can be identified on your routine prenatal ultrasounds. ...Read more

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Describe the features of a brain malformation.?

Describe the features of a brain malformation.?

Broad questions: There are many types of brain malformation. To which are you referring? Vascular, structural, etc.? ...Read more

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What is a chiari-brain malformation?

What is a chiari-brain malformation?

Small back of skull.: Chiari malformations develop due to a decreased size in the back of the skull. Because there is not enough space for the brain to develop, a part of the brain called the cerebellar tonsils get pushed through through the hole where the spinal cord attaches to the brain. This results in increased pressure and development of "cysts" in the spinal cord. Chiari ii has additional brain&cord changes. ...Read more

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Brain malformation located in cerebellum. What does this mean?

Brain malformation located in cerebellum. What does this mean?

Brain malformation: The term "brain malformation" can cover a very wide variety of subjects. Malformations can involve blood vessels, structures in the brain itself, or in the case of the cerebellum a chiari malformation where a tongue of brain tissue comes down through the hole at the base of the skull called the foramen magnum. ...Read more

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Could tomography clearly determine if there is a brain malformation, be it aneurysm or avm?

Could tomography clearly determine if there is a brain malformation, be it aneurysm or avm?

Unlikely: A ct scan shows bleeding or skull fractures instead of soft tissue problems like avm's or brain aneurysms unless they have calcium inside of their walls which is very rare. ...Read more

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Can tomography clearly determine if there is a brain malformation / aneurysm / avm?

Can tomography clearly determine if there is a brain malformation / aneurysm / avm?

CT- angio/MRA can.: Ct angiography and mra can reliably detect avms or other vascular intracranial malformations. ...Read more

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Do brain av malformations show up on plain mri's?

Do brain av malformations show up on plain mri's?

Yes: Even small avms can be seen on non contrast mris.
A post contrast series of images does help in characterizing these lesions. ...Read more

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What is the treatment for for arteriovenous malformations (avm) of the brain?

What is the treatment for for arteriovenous malformations (avm) of the brain?

Several types: Depending on the size, location, and particular anatomy of the avm, treatments could include: embolization, radiosurgery, open brain surgery, or a combination of these treatments. ...Read more

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How do arteriovenous malformations damage the brain and spinal cord?

Hemorrhage: Most of the damage of an arteriovenous malformation occurs when the blood vessel or vessels are spontaneously ruptured and bleed into the brain, causing pressure and damage to the brain. The same can occur with an av malformation in the brain stem or spine. ...Read more

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Are vascular malformations in the brain hereditary and would a MRI show one?

Are vascular malformations in the brain hereditary and would a MRI show one?

Not necessarily: The malformation is not necessarily hereditary but the MRI usually will reveal its presence. ...Read more

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Is the treatment for arteriovenous malformations (avm) ofthe brain through arteries now?

Is the treatment for arteriovenous malformations (avm) ofthe brain through arteries now?

Not "ALL": The treatment of avms is should involve mutliple specialists these days. Some of the more recent research suggests that treatment through the arteries is dangerous but it is important to realize that many of those treatments did not involve a team of doctors treating the patients.

Make sure you involve an experienced team of mds in treatment recommendations regarding your avm. ...Read more

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I have a brain cavernous malformation is this something to be concerned about or no?

I have a brain cavernous malformation is this something to be concerned about or no?

Varies widely: Size, symptoms and location are determinants of the behavior of these lesions. Most concern is bleeding risk which varies widely. Most doctors monitor these with serial mris. Surgery is required occasionally for removal. ...Read more

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Describe the features of a brain arteriovenous malformation.?

Describe the features of a brain arteriovenous malformation.?

Often none: Unless it leaks, there would be no symptoms in most cases. Leaking can cause intense headache or stroke-like symptoms such as focal weakness, loss of speech or vision. Avm discovered after a minor stroke can be corrected before a major stroke. Family history of avm may prompt investigation in someone with no symptoms. ...Read more

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I'm wondering how serious is brain arteriovenous malformation?

I'm wondering how serious is brain arteriovenous malformation?

Bleed risk: The overall risks of bleeding are 3-4% yearly. Each bleed episode carries a 25% risk of mortality. Overall risk of dying is therefore 1% yearly. ...Read more

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Are subarachniod cysts in the temporal lobe area related to chiari malformations?

Are subarachniod cysts in the temporal lobe area related to chiari malformations?

No: Subarachnoid cysts are common and are usually asymptomatic. The middle cranial fossa where the temporal lobe sits is a common location for these cysts.

Arnold-Chiari malformations involve the posterior cranial fossa, not the middle fossa unless there is secondary hydrocephalus.

http://radiopaedia. Org/articles/arachnoid-cyst ...Read more

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How probable is it to have chiari malformation and a brain tumor?

How probable is it to have chiari malformation and a brain tumor?

Not very: Chiari malformations are fairly rare, and brain tumors are not very common either. So the combination of the two is fairly unlikely but certainly not impossible. One should be alert that a downward herniation of the cerebellum caused by a tumor is not misinterpreted as "just" a chiari malformation. For more information consult your doctors and ask for a review of your brain MRI scans. ...Read more

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How serious is a brain arteriovenous malformation? Does it depend on size or site?

How serious is a brain arteriovenous malformation? Does it depend on size or site?

Depends: It can be deadly serious or incidental - depending on the type and location. You should see a neurosurgeon to determine which one you have and what it needs for treatment. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: arteriovenous malformation repair - brain?

What is the definition or description of: arteriovenous malformation repair - brain?

Abnormal vasculature: These abnormal vessels have an increased risk of bleeding. They are treated by open surgery when they are excised, by embolizationby going through blood vessels or by a combination of both. Different methods depends on the size and or location in the brain. ...Read more

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How long is the stay in the hospital after having chairi malformation brain surgery?

How long is the stay in the hospital after having chairi malformation brain surgery?

Depends: This really depends on the age of the patient and whether are any complications, usually betwwen three to five days on average. ...Read more

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Can white matter on brain MRI be some kind of connection with my chiari malformation? Can it be spinal fluid build up?

Can white matter on brain MRI be some kind of connection with my chiari malformation? Can it be spinal fluid build up?

Come again?: Brain consists of gray matter (neurons' cell bodies) & white matter (connecting fiber tracts). Chiari malformation has to do with position of cerebellum at base of brain. These 2 things aren't related at all. Finally, can WHAT be spinal-fluid buildup? You'll understand much better if you educate yourself about brain anatomy. There are good sources for laypeople. It's NOT beyond your ability. ...Read more

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I had brain surgery to remove a cavernous malformation on my brain stem. Any idea on how long it will take my eyes to heal?

I had brain surgery to remove a cavernous malformation on my brain stem. Any idea on how long it will take my eyes to heal?

Depends on healing: MairaQ,

After brain surgery, any new neurologic deficit will heal. The amount of healing depends on how badly brain was injured.
The duration of healing is easy to figure out. It depends on how rapidly or slowly you are healing.
If it has been a few weeks since your surgery and your eyes are getting better, then the healing will be fast. If it has been years, the healing will take a long time. ...Read more

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Malformation in temporal lobe bleeding into brain & seizures 25 y.O male. Diagnosed with blue rubber bleb nevous syndrome 15yr ago.

Malformation in temporal lobe bleeding into brain & seizures 25 y.O male. Diagnosed with blue rubber bleb nevous syndrome 15yr ago.

Likely Connected: .Patients had focal seizures or neurologic symptoms due to compression. Due to its rarity, it is unclear whether cerebral venous malformations lead to hemorrhage. More recently it has been recognized that the number of affected organs is larger and that brbns includes central nervous system vascular malformations. ...Read more

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I have been DX with idiopathic intracranial hypertension. But have SX of Chiari malformation too. Would the brain scans I've had show this? I

I have been DX with idiopathic intracranial hypertension. But have SX of Chiari malformation too. Would the brain scans I've had show this? I

Symptoms are similar: The symptoms of IIH and Chiari are extremely similar and overlapping. Imaging studies usually nicely demonstrate Chiari malformations and their types. If you'd like to have a 1-1 consult to talk about this a bit more you may contact www. Healthtap. Com/drsaghafi and use KEY CODE: PDXFNR to make an appointment. ...Read more

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Would a chiari malformation show up on a brain mri? Had 3 Mris in the past 2 yrs and they haven't seen one but lots of pain and pressure nape of neck

Would a chiari malformation show up on a brain mri? Had 3 Mris in the past 2 yrs and they haven't seen one but lots of pain and pressure nape of neck

Evaluate neck: Do NOT understand repetitive focus on Chiari malformation, even with history of connective tissue disorder. However, appears you do NOT have it. See a good osteopathic or rehab doctor, and uncover pain generator in neck, and treat underlying problem. Many co-morbidities can be associated with Ehlers-Danlos. ...Read more

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Born 51/2 months gestation, worried about having avm. Are premature adults known to have avm (brain vessel malformation)? I'm terrified to have a baby

Born 51/2 months gestation, worried about having avm. Are premature adults known to have avm (brain vessel malformation)? I'm terrified to have a baby

Brain AVM: Preterm babies do have various possibilities of neural developmental disorders and brain vascular malformation is one of them. I presume that incidence is relatively higher than term babies. The exact incidence in preterm babies is not known. ...Read more

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Does a standard brain CT or MRI go down far enough to be able to see a chiari malformation if there was one?

Does a standard brain CT or MRI go down far enough to be able to see a chiari malformation if there was one?

Yes: Both scans routinely include the skull base and foramen magnum in order to diagnose a chiari malformation. An MRI is the better study to evaluate this possibilty. ...Read more

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Mir of brain shows inflammation dr. Said to see rheumatologist what can be causing this, I have fibromyalgia, osteoarthritis and chiari malformation?

Mir of brain shows inflammation dr. Said to see rheumatologist what can be causing this, I have fibromyalgia, osteoarthritis and chiari malformation?

Second oopinion: I would get a second opinion from a neurologist. There are many conditions that can cause neuroinflammation. ...Read more

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Hi I had a chiari malformation with removak off tonsils, I have a cyst coving my spinal cord right next to brain stem, I have severe crap pain today?

Hi I had a chiari malformation with removak off tonsils, I have a cyst coving my spinal cord right next to brain stem, I have severe crap pain today?

Unclear: Not sure exactly what your question is except that you are in pain. Given the history of a Chiari malformation, suggest you be seen promptly in order to address your issue. ...Read more

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I had a brain MRI stating cerebral tonsils terminating 5mm below foramen magnum. C spine mri says no chiari malformation. Is it chiari or not?

I had a brain MRI stating cerebral tonsils terminating 5mm below foramen magnum. C spine mri says no chiari malformation. Is it chiari or not?

5mm: Is a borderline measurement. There is some variability between investigators regarding the precise range of normal. In the abscence of any other findings, most authors would consider 5mm at the upper limit of normal. Some would term this "benign tonsillar ectopia", an incidental and asymptomatic finding. Some would consider 5mm indeterminate. As an isolated finding, it is not diagnostic of chiari ...Read more