Doctor insights on:
Bowel Perforation Pathophysiology
The gastrointestinal tract starts at the mouth, travel down the tunnel (esophagus), which connects to the stomach, which then empties into the duodenum, jejunum, and ileum---the three parts of the small intestine (@25 feet). This empties into the colon or large intestine (about 5 feet), which then becomes the sigmoid colon, rectum and out the anus. So, every morsel eaten ...Read more
See below: A bowel perforation is an emergency, serious condition where the intestines are leaking internally. Usually it is associated with severe abdominal pain, vomiting, fevers. There are many causes of perforation such as stomach ulcer, small bowel injury from scar tissue, perforated appendicitis, perforated diverticulitis, etc. All these are serious and will require emergency surgery. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Yes: The bowel is adjacent to the uterus so it is at risk of injury during surgery to remove the uterus. This is especially of concern if there are adhesions or scar tissue due to endometriosis, previous surgery, or cancer. I recommend bowel preps before a davinci or laparoscopic hysterectomy to minimize risks of a bowel perforation and to facilitate repair if it should occur. ...Read more
Hole in the Bowel: Bowel perforation is often a life-threatening emergency that usually requires emergency surgery to treat. Common causes include a perforated ulcer, diverticulitis, or intestinal cancer. The contents from the bowel is very toxic to the body, requiring emergent intervention. The surgical approach is dependent upon one's health, preoperatively evaluation, and preference of the surgeon. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
A few painful days: A perforation of the bowel, by any cause, usually causes leakage of intestinal fluid into the abdomen around the intestine. A very severe infection starts rapidly that typically leads to a painful death in only a few days. Operation to repair the perforation and clean out the infection as well as antibiotics are usually needed. ...Read more
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