Top
30
Doctor insights on: Borrelia Recurrentis Gram Stain

Share
Dr. Qamar Khan
24 doctors shared insights

Gram Stain (Definition)

The two major families of common bacteria are distinguished by the chemistry of their walls, specifically the ability of iodine to mordant their staining with crystal violet and prevent its being removed with strong solvent. Gram positives include staph and strep, while gram negatives include e. Coli. The stain has been in use for around 150 years and remains the ...Read more


3

3
Why is it so hard to detect things like mycoplasma, borrelia, bartonella after it has been in your body for many months or years?

Why is it so hard to detect things like mycoplasma, borrelia, bartonella after it has been in your body for many months or years?

Difficult detection: These organisms tend to life inside your cells and not in your blood stream. That is why they are difficult to detect and the tests are often false negatives. Specialized laboratory techniques are often required to confirm the diagnosis. ...Read more

4

4
What exactly does borrelia burgdorferi do to your cells to cause Lyme disease?

What exactly does borrelia burgdorferi do to your cells to cause Lyme disease?

Multiple imbalances: Borrelia burgdorferi bacteria have the most complex genome of any bacteria & create multiple imbalances.They can infect any organ & prevent that organ from functioning properly & elicit an inflammatory response. They suppress immune function, often opening the door for other infections, produce microbial toxins, create hormonal imbalances etc. See http://ldnr.Us/lyme_disease_pathophysiology.Html. ...Read more

5

5
Why would I need a borrelia burgdorferi antibody assay?

Why would  I   need a borrelia burgdorferi antibody assay?

Lyme disease: Borrlia burgdorferi is the bacteria that causes lyme disease. Your doctor may be testing you to rule it in or out. ...Read more

6

6
Does borrelia include throat aches?

Does borrelia include throat aches?

Few days: If you are taking antibiotics it should be much better in 48 to 72 hours. If you are not much better in 5 days return to your doc. ...Read more

8

8
Whats borrelia bugdorferi?

Whats borrelia bugdorferi?

Bacteria causes Lyme: Borrelia burgdorferi is the bacteria that is the causative agent of lyme disease. It has the most complex genome of any bacteria known to man, which contributes to its ability to infect any organ and to mask itself from the immune system and develop resistance to antibiotics. It is most commonly transmitted by ticks but may be transmitted by other biting/stinging insects, sexually & congenitally. ...Read more

9

9
Could i have Lyme disease? Not posible its recent. Borrelia Oct 14 IgM = 1.00 (1-1.5 inconclusive), Jan 15 IgM = 1.53 (1.5+pos) IgG = 0.16 (<1.00neg)

Could i have Lyme disease? Not posible its recent. Borrelia  Oct 14 IgM = 1.00 (1-1.5 inconclusive), Jan 15 IgM = 1.53 (1.5+pos) IgG = 0.16 (<1.00neg)

See details: The lab results sre unimpressive. I strongly doubt Lyme disease based on your lab results. Without your symptoms and results of a Western blot it is impossible to answer. I ...Read more

10

10
Is the Lyme spirochete (borrelia) the only infectious cause of raynaud's? If not, what are some other infections that cause this?

Is the Lyme spirochete (borrelia) the only infectious cause of raynaud's?  If not, what are some other infections that cause this?

Not likely: Raynaud's is either primary or secondary.Primary raynaud's means there is no known reason for it (idiopathic)and that it is not part of a more severe autoimmune disease such as lupus or scleroderma.Likely there's a genetic link since this can run in families. Secondary raynaud's is a more severe form that is part of an autoimmune disease.It's not well documented that any infections cause raynaud's. ...Read more

11

11
What infections besides borrelia could cause CNS demyelination and cns/neuro symptoms ? Just infections please...Not ms

What infections besides borrelia could cause CNS demyelination and cns/neuro symptoms ? Just infections please...Not ms

Bartonella: Bartonella has been found to also cause CNS symptoms and it is a coinfection in the CNS with lyme in some cases. The tic that carried the borrelia infection could also have carried, bartonella, mycoplasma, ehrlichia and babesia. Bartonella does cause CNS symptoms. ...Read more

13

13
OspA (outer-surface protein A) is specific to Borrelia ONLY. I have IgM antibodies to OspA and to no other bands. What's going on here?

OspA (outer-surface protein A) is specific to Borrelia ONLY.  I have IgM antibodies to OspA and to no other bands.  What's going on here?

Serotype to other +?: OspA serotypes 3–6. Phase I/II studies with the multivalent vaccine have been initiated in humans to determine the optimal dose, formulation, and booster interval in Borrelia seronegative as well as Borrelia seropositive individuals. American patients with Lyme arthritis commonly had antibody responses to OspA, BicA, and OspD. I am not clear as to what may cross react with other substances +? ...Read more

14

14
What are some common genera of pathogenic bacteria that have no species found in the human body naturally? Borrelia? Brucella? Yersinia? Mycoplasma?

The Microbiome... : Great thought question. However, you are assuming we know all the community of species of bacteria in the body (aka. The microbiome).

Recently, we have discovered thousands of genera in our body through molecular techniques (most don't even have a name yet). Though it's tempting to generalize, the question you pose can't be answered with any reliability with what we know today. ...Read more

15

15
Do all ticks carry borrelia burgdorferi, the bacteria that causes Lyme disease?

Do all ticks carry borrelia burgdorferi, the bacteria that causes Lyme disease?

No: The total population of ticks in any grassy, wodded area could be in the millions. Several published studies on tick populations have shown 25-30% of the ticks were carrying lyme in an endemic area (an area where lyme disease is present). ...Read more

18

18
Do you think the LTT testing(melisa in usa) is reliable?i got positive for borrelia, chlamydia pneumoniae and got very high titers for cmv

Do you think the LTT testing(melisa in usa) is reliable?i got positive for borrelia, chlamydia pneumoniae and got very high titers for cmv

LTT testing: Tdetects Type-IV allergy to metals, chemicals, environmental toxins and molds and can also identify active Lyme disease.. The test does not measure toxicity in the patient's blood. It measures if the patient is allergic to it. Two articles have concluded that the MELISA test is not useful for diagnostic purposes because of the large number of false-positive results obtained. ...Read more

20

20
Can "Shwartzman phenomenon" be caused by bacterial endotoxins from borrelia burgdorferi? Do people with Lyme ever get blood clots from this?

Can "Shwartzman phenomenon" be caused by bacterial endotoxins from borrelia burgdorferi?  Do people with Lyme ever get blood clots from this?

Lyme a spirochete: The Shwartzman phenomenon is reaction following the second exposure to a bacterial endotoxin, with tissue bleeding, necrosis and disseminated intravascular coagulation. Lyme disease is caused by B. burgdorferi, a spirochete, or zoonosis. Treatment can cause a Herxheimer reaction with fever, myalgia and arthralgia as toxins are released from the dead spirochetes. ...Read more

21

21
What is the definition or description of: gram stain?

What is the definition or description of: gram stain?

For bacteria: The two major families of common bacteria are distinguished by the chemistry of their walls, specifically the ability of iodine to mordant their staining with crystal violet and prevent its being removed with strong solvent. Gram positives include staph and strep, while gram negatives include e. Coli. The stain has been in use for around 150 years and remains the most popular in bacteriology. ...Read more

22

22
Gram stain and nongonococcal urethritis, what is this?

Gram stain and nongonococcal urethritis, what is this?

Lab test and result: Gram stain is applied with an eye dropper to a slide and taken up by the bacterial. It affects the way bacteria present in concentrated urine appears under the microscope. Non gonococcal urithritis is a type of urinary tract infection caused by a bacteria other than gonococcus. (e coli for example as seen in the photo i posted). ...Read more

23

23
What's a rare gram negative rods mean? It was taken vaginally via gram stain.

What's a rare gram negative rods mean? It was taken vaginally via gram stain.

This could be normal: Bacteria are classified, broadly, as being gram-negative or gram-positive (retains violet dye color after staining--gram stain-- a lab slide with specimen on it). And either being rod (cylindrical/barrel shaped) or spherical (cocci) when viewed under a microscope. Gram negative rods are very common in the genital tract, and it sounds like you don't have too many. I say probably normal. Good wishes ...Read more

25

25
How does Dr. K know for certain that all these bites people describe as spider bites are MRSA if he hasn't cultured them or preformed a gram stain?

How does Dr. K know for certain that all these bites people describe as spider bites are MRSA if he hasn't cultured them or preformed a gram stain?

MRSA: Because there is an epidemic happening in the world. MRSA lesions are abscesses. Sitting at home with an abscess is unwise. MRSA has an appearance that is classic. And this classic appearance is described nearly identically by patients in my office, by email, online, and by the phone. Regular skin cellulitis or staph is not described as bites. Go to the doctor. Let them examine and test you. ...Read more

26

26
Pls interpret result in my gram stain.Gm Stain (-),Polymorphonuclear-Moderate,Epi cells-Moderate,Gm(+)Cocci pairs-Few,Gm(+)bacili-Mod,Gm(-)bacili-rare

Gram stain: You don't mention what the specimen is but I'm guessing it's a sputum sample? Looks like mixed flora, probably normal oropharyngeal flora, pretty nonspecific. ...Read more

27

27
Gram stain can find the result for clamaydia. True?

Gram stain can find the result for clamaydia.  True?

PCR: Diagnosis of chlamydia is by polymerase chain reaction with an endocervical swab for females or a urethral swab or urine specimen for men. ...Read more

28

28
Confused about whether is better for my gram stain to be positive or negative?

Confused about whether is better for my gram stain to be positive or negative?

Neither Is Better: Gram staining is a bacteriological laboratory technique used to differentiate bacterial species into two large groups based on the physical properties of their cell walls. The two groups are gram-positive and gram-negative. Thus the positive and the negative do not refer to one being better than the other. ...Read more

29

29
How can I know the gram stain reaction without doing a gram stain in staphylococcus epidermidis?

Gram positive cocci: You need to do a gram stain to see gram positive organisms like Staphylococci which are gram positive. S. epidermidis is coagulate negative while Staph.aureus coagulate positive. ...Read more