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Doctor insights on: Borrelia Recurrentis Gram Stain

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Dr. Lynne Weixel
22 doctors shared insights

Gram Stain (Definition)

The two major families of common bacteria are distinguished by the chemistry of their walls, specifically the ability of iodine to mordant their staining with crystal violet and prevent its being removed with strong solvent. Gram positives include staph and strep, while gram negatives include e. Coli. The stain has been in use for around 150 years and remains the ...Read more


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Why is it so hard to detect things like mycoplasma, borrelia, bartonella after it has been in your body for many months or years?

Why is it so hard to detect things like mycoplasma, borrelia, bartonella after it has been in your body for many months or years?

Difficult detection: These organisms tend to life inside your cells and not in your blood stream. That is why they are difficult to detect and the tests are often false negatives. Specialized laboratory techniques are often required to confirm the diagnosis. ...Read more

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What exactly does borrelia burgdorferi do to your cells to cause Lyme disease?

What exactly does borrelia burgdorferi do to your cells to cause Lyme disease?

Multiple imbalances: Borrelia burgdorferi bacteria have the most complex genome of any bacteria & create multiple imbalances.They can infect any organ & prevent that organ from functioning properly & elicit an inflammatory response. They suppress immune function, often opening the door for other infections, produce microbial toxins, create hormonal imbalances etc. See http://ldnr.Us/lyme_disease_pathophysiology.Html. ...Read more

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Why would I need a borrelia burgdorferi antibody assay?

Why would  I   need a borrelia burgdorferi antibody assay?

Lyme disease: Borrlia burgdorferi is the bacteria that causes lyme disease. Your doctor may be testing you to rule it in or out. ...Read more

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Does borrelia include throat aches?

Does borrelia include throat aches?

Few days: If you are taking antibiotics it should be much better in 48 to 72 hours. If you are not much better in 5 days return to your doc. ...Read more

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Whats borrelia bugdorferi?

Whats borrelia bugdorferi?

Bacteria causes Lyme: Borrelia burgdorferi is the bacteria that is the causative agent of lyme disease. It has the most complex genome of any bacteria known to man, which contributes to its ability to infect any organ and to mask itself from the immune system and develop resistance to antibiotics. It is most commonly transmitted by ticks but may be transmitted by other biting/stinging insects, sexually & congenitally. ...Read more

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Could i have Lyme disease? Not posible its recent. Borrelia Oct 14 IgM = 1.00 (1-1.5 inconclusive), Jan 15 IgM = 1.53 (1.5+pos) IgG = 0.16 (<1.00neg)

Could i have Lyme disease? Not posible its recent. Borrelia  Oct 14 IgM = 1.00 (1-1.5 inconclusive), Jan 15 IgM = 1.53 (1.5+pos) IgG = 0.16 (<1.00neg)

See details: The lab results sre unimpressive. I strongly doubt Lyme disease based on your lab results. Without your symptoms and results of a Western blot it is impossible to answer. I ...Read more

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Is the Lyme spirochete (borrelia) the only infectious cause of raynaud's? If not, what are some other infections that cause this?

Is the Lyme spirochete (borrelia) the only infectious cause of raynaud's?  If not, what are some other infections that cause this?

Not likely: Raynaud's is either primary or secondary.Primary raynaud's means there is no known reason for it (idiopathic)and that it is not part of a more severe autoimmune disease such as lupus or scleroderma.Likely there's a genetic link since this can run in families. Secondary raynaud's is a more severe form that is part of an autoimmune disease.It's not well documented that any infections cause raynaud's. ...Read more

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What infections besides borrelia could cause CNS demyelination and cns/neuro symptoms ? Just infections please...Not ms

What infections besides borrelia could cause CNS demyelination and cns/neuro symptoms ? Just infections please...Not ms

Bartonella: Bartonella has been found to also cause CNS symptoms and it is a coinfection in the CNS with lyme in some cases. The tic that carried the borrelia infection could also have carried, bartonella, mycoplasma, ehrlichia and babesia. Bartonella does cause CNS symptoms. ...Read more

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OspA (outer-surface protein A) is specific to Borrelia ONLY. I have IgM antibodies to OspA and to no other bands. What's going on here?

OspA (outer-surface protein A) is specific to Borrelia ONLY.  I have IgM antibodies to OspA and to no other bands.  What's going on here?

Serotype to other +?: OspA serotypes 3–6. Phase I/II studies with the multivalent vaccine have been initiated in humans to determine the optimal dose, formulation, and booster interval in Borrelia seronegative as well as Borrelia seropositive individuals. American patients with Lyme arthritis commonly had antibody responses to OspA, BicA, and OspD. I am not clear as to what may cross react with other substances +? ...Read more

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What are some common genera of pathogenic bacteria that have no species found in the human body naturally? Borrelia? Brucella? Yersinia? Mycoplasma?

The Microbiome... : Great thought question. However, you are assuming we know all the community of species of bacteria in the body (aka. The microbiome).

Recently, we have discovered thousands of genera in our body through molecular techniques (most don't even have a name yet). Though it's tempting to generalize, the question you pose can't be answered with any reliability with what we know today. ...Read more

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Do all ticks carry borrelia burgdorferi, the bacteria that causes Lyme disease?

Do all ticks carry borrelia burgdorferi, the bacteria that causes Lyme disease?

No: The total population of ticks in any grassy, wodded area could be in the millions. Several published studies on tick populations have shown 25-30% of the ticks were carrying lyme in an endemic area (an area where lyme disease is present). ...Read more

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Do you think the LTT testing(melisa in usa) is reliable?i got positive for borrelia, chlamydia pneumoniae and got very high titers for cmv

Do you think the LTT testing(melisa in usa) is reliable?i got positive for borrelia, chlamydia pneumoniae and got very high titers for cmv

LTT testing: Tdetects Type-IV allergy to metals, chemicals, environmental toxins and molds and can also identify active Lyme disease.. The test does not measure toxicity in the patient's blood. It measures if the patient is allergic to it. Two articles have concluded that the MELISA test is not useful for diagnostic purposes because of the large number of false-positive results obtained. ...Read more

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Can "Shwartzman phenomenon" be caused by bacterial endotoxins from borrelia burgdorferi? Do people with Lyme ever get blood clots from this?

Can "Shwartzman phenomenon" be caused by bacterial endotoxins from borrelia burgdorferi?  Do people with Lyme ever get blood clots from this?

Lyme a spirochete: The Shwartzman phenomenon is reaction following the second exposure to a bacterial endotoxin, with tissue bleeding, necrosis and disseminated intravascular coagulation. Lyme disease is caused by B. burgdorferi, a spirochete, or zoonosis. Treatment can cause a Herxheimer reaction with fever, myalgia and arthralgia as toxins are released from the dead spirochetes. ...Read more