Doctor insights on:
Born Birth Defect
Many reasons.: Genetic, environmental, drug teratogenicity, accidental factors all can cause birth defects. 2-4% of all liveborns in the us have a major or minor anomaly at birth. Take Folic Acid 1-5 mg daily starting at least 3-12 months before conception to prevent >90% of open neural tube defects and >75% of cardiac defects! ...Read more
2-4% like EV1 else.: All couples have a 2-4% risk of congenital defects in their offspring. Some have increased risk - e.g. Obese mothers, pregestational diabetics, epileptics, women with previously affected children etc. Take Folic Acid 1-5mg orally daily throughout your reproductive life to decrease the risk of preterm birth and certain serious congenital defects (spina bifida, anencephaly, heart anomalies)! ...Read more
Depends: This depends on the culture as well as socioeconomic level that baby is born into. ...Read more
Traditional marriage: There is a tradition of marriage in many countries, especially those with a large muslim population, of marrying a first cousin or other relative. This increases the chance of an inherited defect in the offspring. Also there are large portions of the population with inadequate prenatal care which also causes an increase in problems at birth. ...Read more
Just found out that military babies born with birth defects may be linked to anthrax and gases/ is this true?
No: Children born to us servicemembers do have birth defects, but not more often than any other group: 3/100 births. These questions about parents' exposure to chemicals, infections, or stress during war - from vietnam to the present - have been studied within the us military and by outside agencies and contractors. Some anecdotes seem alarming, but no unusual scientific findings have been reported. ...Read more
First baby born with birth defects and died after delivery. Will second one have same problem. Nobody has defects in the family?
More info needed: I would add that it depends on the type of defects present and whether the risk is based in genetic inheritance. If there was a pregnancy related cause, your OB Gyn physician can further advise. Many healthy infants are born to mothers with a similar history, but more information is needed to answer. ...Read more
Is a woman more likely to have a child born with birth defects if she's had multiple miscarriages, as opposed to a same aged woman that's had none?
Depends: We studied a woman that had 17 miscarriages by the time she was referred to the genetic service. A chromosome study revealed an extremely rare balanced defect that would lead to more in the future. However this is the rare exception, you will only gain a good picture of your personal risk if you meet with a medical geneticist and s/he explores both sides of the family. ...Read more
Is it true if a parent that has schitsophrania has a baby, the baby can be born with birth defects? Such as a hole in the heart or baby as vegetable?
Not true: She has a chance to have a normal baby like anyone else. ...Read more
Birth defects: Genital herpes can be passed to the newborn as the child passes through the birth canal. Currently we are starting Valtrex (valacyclovir) on women who have a history of genital herpes in the third trimester decreasing their risk of passing the virus to their baby. A woman with active genital herpes during labor is delivered by cesarean section. ...Read more
If the father takes antidepressants at conception can the unborn baby be affected or be born with birth defects?
Not likely!: It is highly unlikely that a father taking antidepressants when his wife conceives, would expect any effect on the developing fetus. A large review of women taking antidepressants before and during pregnancy failed to find any major adverse effect. Consider what the effect of a clinical depression, in either mother or father, might have on a developing fetus. Many "self-medicate" w/alcohol, etc. ...Read more
Maybe, maybe not: The issue is a relative one & those with the poorest amniotic fluid /baby ratio are the ones most likely to have a defect. A GI tract not hooked up, kidneys that never formed or urine flow blockage are the most worrisome. If no kidneys, no pee, no cushion for baby to grow into & lungs are compressed & baby dies at birth. The GI tract & urine blockage can be fixed. Minor decreased fluid not a problm. ...Read more
What do you suggest if my nephew was born yesterday with this birth defect I know the basics but has anyone else had a baby born with this?
?: What birth defect? You didn't say in your question. ...Read more
Too many to list: If you mean what could be wrong, the list is endless. We are each thought to carry recessive genes for up to 4 metabolic mistakes, stuff that may only show up in 1/50, 000 births. If we have kids with a close relative, it is more likely one of those defects will show up. There are in excess of 250 metabolic problems (like PKU) known. ...Read more
Birth defect: Anything that you are born with that is not considered typical or "normal" would be considered a birth defect. More often we call them a congenital condition (meaning you are born with it). ...Read more
I take my prenatal vitamins everyday could they help prevent birth defects like the one my husband had when he was born? Could taking those help?
Depends on defect: I don't know what type of birth defect your husband had, so it's difficult to say whether vitamins will help prevent something similar. We do know taking Folic Acid in adequate amounts (present in prenatal vitamins), reduces the risk of neural tube defects (things like spina bifida). Thee may be other defects that are vitamin responsive - best ot talk with OB or maternal-fetal medicine specialist! ...Read more
I am simply trying to locate the technical name of a birth defect, so that I can do more research. I was born with no femoral artery, can you help?
Congenital anomaly: Yes. Congenital absence of external ileac artery, which will become femoral below the groin, involved limb will be shorter and thinner, collaterals will develop from internal ileac artery, even can feel pulse (pedal) at the foot. Even bilateral (both sides) absence is possible. ...Read more
I have Iris coloboma, it's a birth defect. Is PCOS linked with this condition? I know women who havePCOSandtheir baby was born with it. And vice versa
Coloboma and PCOS: Coloboma means that you have a knob like shaped pupils. It may be related to defect in chromosome 22 and may be assoc with cardiac, skeletal and renal defect. It may also be assoc with absent or immature uterus or fallopian tubes. PCOS is a different condition which includes issues with hormones and lipids and obesity. ...Read more
Could you have a heart/lung related problem at age 16 without having anything birth defects when born? Like heart problems/lung, if so what?
Unlikely: It would be very unlikely to have anything wrong with your heart and lungs at age 16 that wasn't there at birth. It's always possible (although again very unlikely) to have something wrong with your heart and lungs show up that was unknown show up in your teen years. Why do you ask? ...Read more
Abnormal tissue Form: In simplistic terms a bd might be considered any abnormality found in a baby at birth. A better, more specific idea is a failure of a tissue or structure to form properly in fetal development. (cleft palate). A "disruption" can create a bd -loss of fingers to amnionic bands. Chromasome defects lead to several bd's like heart defects. ...Read more
2-4$ of all babies.: 2-4% of all babies are born with a major or minor birth defect. This is not your fault, however recurrence can be prevented with certain cardiac and neural tube defects (among the more common and serious) by taking 1-5 mg of Folic Acid daily for the rest of your reproductive life (i.e. Until menopause/hysterectomy/bilateral tubal ligation). ...Read more
What to do if I do not know much about this toxin but I do kno it causes birth defect. So what happens if ist introduced to the environment?
Many reasons: First, are they really increasing, or are they just living. Up until recently in history most of those pregnancies with defects would miscarry or the baby die rapidly after birth. Now we save these pregnancies and children. However, if increase, it is likely the many environmental exposures we have in the industrial age, both in the air we breath and perhaps the foods we eat. ...Read more
Birth Defects: A physical or biochemical abnormality that is present at birth- it may be inherited or due to environmental influence. ...Read more
Time for consultatn: I would consult with your OB about available forms of testing. There are both screening and more specific tests for a variety of issues. High resolution ultrasound can detect many structural defects while blood tests or amniocentesis can detect others. There is no overall test that could guarantee a given baby does a problem that is missed by the usual screening. ...Read more
Stillbirth: Our biggest concern is that listeria infection in the expectant woman can cause death of her fetus. There have been cases traced to eating contaminated cheese and cold cuts. Please see my guide on what food to feed your family (and fetus); there are two answers and links to food safety there. ...Read more