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Doctor insights on: Born Birth Defect

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Why are some babies are born with birth defects?

Why are some babies are born with birth defects?

Many reasons.: Genetic, environmental, drug teratogenicity, accidental factors all can cause birth defects. 2-4% of all liveborns in the us have a major or minor anomaly at birth. Take Folic Acid 1-5 mg daily starting at least 3-12 months before conception to prevent >90% of open neural tube defects and >75% of cardiac defects! ...Read more

Dr. Nikolaos Zacharias
480 Doctors shared insights

Birth Defects (Definition)

A physical or biochemical abnormality that is present at birth- it may be inherited or ...Read more


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What are the odds that my child will be born with birth defects?

What are the odds that my child will be born with birth defects?

2-4% like EV1 else.: All couples have a 2-4% risk of congenital defects in their offspring. Some have increased risk - e.g. Obese mothers, pregestational diabetics, epileptics, women with previously affected children etc. Take Folic Acid 1-5mg orally daily throughout your reproductive life to decrease the risk of preterm birth and certain serious congenital defects (spina bifida, anencephaly, heart anomalies)! ...Read more

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Why are so many people in india born with birth defects?

Why are so many people in india born with birth defects?

Traditional marriage: There is a tradition of marriage in many countries, especially those with a large muslim population, of marrying a first cousin or other relative. This increases the chance of an inherited defect in the offspring. Also there are large portions of the population with inadequate prenatal care which also causes an increase in problems at birth. ...Read more

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Just found out that military babies born with birth defects may be linked to anthrax and gases/ is this true?

Just found out that military babies born with birth defects may be linked to anthrax and gases/ is this true?

No: Children born to us servicemembers do have birth defects, but not more often than any other group: 3/100 births. These questions about parents' exposure to chemicals, infections, or stress during war - from vietnam to the present - have been studied within the us military and by outside agencies and contractors. Some anecdotes seem alarming, but no unusual scientific findings have been reported. ...Read more

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First baby born with birth defects and died after delivery. Will second one have same problem. Nobody has defects in the family?

First baby born with birth defects and died after delivery. Will second one have same problem. Nobody has defects in the family?

More info needed: I would add that it depends on the type of defects present and whether the risk is based in genetic inheritance. If there was a pregnancy related cause, your OB Gyn physician can further advise. Many healthy infants are born to mothers with a similar history, but more information is needed to answer. ...Read more

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Is a woman more likely to have a child born with birth defects if she's had multiple miscarriages, as opposed to a same aged woman that's had none?

Is a woman more likely to have a child born with birth defects if she's had multiple miscarriages, as opposed to a same aged woman that's had none?

Depends: We studied a woman that had 17 miscarriages by the time she was referred to the genetic service. A chromosome study revealed an extremely rare balanced defect that would lead to more in the future. However this is the rare exception, you will only gain a good picture of your personal risk if you meet with a medical geneticist and s/he explores both sides of the family. ...Read more

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Will your baby be born with birth defects if you have genital herpes?

Will your baby be born with birth defects if you have genital herpes?

Birth defects: Genital herpes can be passed to the newborn as the child passes through the birth canal. Currently we are starting Valtrex (valacyclovir) on women who have a history of genital herpes in the third trimester decreasing their risk of passing the virus to their baby. A woman with active genital herpes during labor is delivered by cesarean section. ...Read more

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If the father takes antidepressants at conception can the unborn baby be affected or be born with birth defects?

If the father takes antidepressants at conception can the unborn baby be affected or be born with birth defects?

Not likely!: It is highly unlikely that a father taking antidepressants when his wife conceives, would expect any effect on the developing fetus. A large review of women taking antidepressants before and during pregnancy failed to find any major adverse effect. Consider what the effect of a clinical depression, in either mother or father, might have on a developing fetus. Many "self-medicate" w/alcohol, etc. ...Read more

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Will your baby be born with a birth defect if you have low amniotic fluids in second trimester?

Will your baby be born with a birth defect if you have low amniotic fluids in second trimester?

Maybe, maybe not: The issue is a relative one & those with the poorest amniotic fluid /baby ratio are the ones most likely to have a defect. A GI tract not hooked up, kidneys that never formed or urine flow blockage are the most worrisome. If no kidneys, no pee, no cushion for baby to grow into & lungs are compressed & baby dies at birth. The GI tract & urine blockage can be fixed. Minor decreased fluid not a problm. ...Read more

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Can a person who wasn't born with a birth defect use cosmetic surgery due to self esteem issues?

Can a person who wasn't born with a birth defect use cosmetic surgery due to self esteem issues?

Many do: Cosmetic surgery is often used by people to correct real or imagined issues of personal appearance. Whether its wanting a nose a little shorter, or boobs bigger, it may or may not solve personal insecurities. ...Read more

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Why does it seem that children born in emerging countries have the most birth defects?

Why does it seem that children born in emerging countries have the most birth defects?

Micro-nutrients defi: A combination of factors, including poor nutrition lack of vitamins specially folic acid, exposure to toxins such as pesticides, mercury arsenic and othr environmental pollutants are responsible for the higher rate of birth defects. ...Read more

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What birth defects can an inbred baby be born with?

What birth defects can an inbred baby be born with?

Too many to list: If you mean what could be wrong, the list is endless. We are each thought to carry recessive genes for up to 4 metabolic mistakes, stuff that may only show up in 1/50, 000 births. If we have kids with a close relative, it is more likely one of those defects will show up. There are in excess of 250 metabolic problems (like PKU) known. ...Read more

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Why didn't anyone tell us there were birth defects in our precious babies born from ivf?

Infor availiable: Slight increase was undoubtably explained to you, check your contract. Birth defects also can occur in non ivf kids as well as learning disabilities. Congrats on giving birth. ...Read more

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Would being born without much cartilage in your ears be a birth defect?

Would being born without much cartilage in your ears be a birth defect?

Yes.: But cosmetic surgeons can do improvement of the pinnas. Consult a surgeon but depends on the age of the person getting the surgery and what age is appropriate to get it done etc. ...Read more

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Help please. Could being born without most cartilage in your ears be a birth defect?

Help please. Could being born without most cartilage in your ears be a birth defect?

Birth defect: Anything that you are born with that is not considered typical or "normal" would be considered a birth defect. More often we call them a congenital condition (meaning you are born with it). ...Read more

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I take my prenatal vitamins everyday could they help prevent birth defects like the one my husband had when he was born? Could taking those help?

Depends on defect: I don't know what type of birth defect your husband had, so it's difficult to say whether vitamins will help prevent something similar. We do know taking Folic Acid in adequate amounts (present in prenatal vitamins), reduces the risk of neural tube defects (things like spina bifida). Thee may be other defects that are vitamin responsive - best ot talk with OB or maternal-fetal medicine specialist! ...Read more

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I am simply trying to locate the technical name of a birth defect, so that I can do more research. I was born with no femoral artery, can you help?

I am simply trying to locate the technical name of a birth defect, so that I can do more research. I was born with no femoral artery, can you help?

Congenital anomaly: Yes. Congenital absence of external ileac artery, which will become femoral below the groin, involved limb will be shorter and thinner, collaterals will develop from internal ileac artery, even can feel pulse (pedal) at the foot. Even bilateral (both sides) absence is possible. ...Read more

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I have Iris coloboma, it's a birth defect. Is PCOS linked with this condition? I know women who havePCOSandtheir baby was born with it. And vice versa

I have Iris coloboma, it's a birth defect. Is PCOS linked with this condition? I know women who havePCOSandtheir baby was born with it. And vice versa

Coloboma and PCOS: Coloboma means that you have a knob like shaped pupils. It may be related to defect in chromosome 22 and may be assoc with cardiac, skeletal and renal defect. It may also be assoc with absent or immature uterus or fallopian tubes. PCOS is a different condition which includes issues with hormones and lipids and obesity. ...Read more

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Could you have a heart/lung related problem at age 16 without having anything birth defects when born? Like heart problems/lung, if so what?

Could you have a heart/lung related problem at age 16 without having anything birth defects when born? Like heart problems/lung, if so what?

Unlikely: It would be very unlikely to have anything wrong with your heart and lungs at age 16 that wasn't there at birth. It's always possible (although again very unlikely) to have something wrong with your heart and lungs show up that was unknown show up in your teen years. Why do you ask? ...Read more

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Describe the concept of a birth defect.?

Describe the concept of a birth defect.?

Abnormal tissue Form: In simplistic terms a bd might be considered any abnormality found in a baby at birth. A better, more specific idea is a failure of a tissue or structure to form properly in fetal development. (cleft palate). A "disruption" can create a bd -loss of fingers to amnionic bands. Chromasome defects lead to several bd's like heart defects. ...Read more

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Please help we don't understand why our baby has a birth defect?

Please help we don't understand why our baby has a birth defect?

2-4$ of all babies.: 2-4% of all babies are born with a major or minor birth defect. This is not your fault, however recurrence can be prevented with certain cardiac and neural tube defects (among the more common and serious) by taking 1-5 mg of Folic Acid daily for the rest of your reproductive life (i.e. Until menopause/hysterectomy/bilateral tubal ligation). ...Read more

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Child with birth defects?

And your question is: If you have a specific question please ask it. As written this collection of words does not provide enough detail to be an answerable question. ...Read more

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What are the most common birth defects?

What are the most common birth defects?

See below: About 3% of the babies are born with birth defects and there are about 20 common defects. You may wish to consult the webpage below to get more details.

http://www. Cdc. Gov/ncbddd/birthdefects/data. Html. ...Read more

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What percent of babies have a birth defect?

What percent of babies have a birth defect?

About 3%: About 3 out of every 100 babies are born with some type of birth defect. Some can be very minor, and some are more serious. Some disease (like diabetes in the mother), or use of some medications in pregnancy can increase the risk of a baby having a birth defect. ...Read more

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Can birth defects occur because of the environment?

Can birth defects occur because of the environment?

In some cases: In the classical case, mercury in the waste water from a factory in japan fouled the fish they caught & ate. Pregnancies exposed to these fish often produced babies with small heads & brain damage. ...Read more

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Birth defects are on the rise. What could cause this?

Many reasons: First, are they really increasing, or are they just living. Up until recently in history most of those pregnancies with defects would miscarry or the baby die rapidly after birth. Now we save these pregnancies and children. However, if increase, it is likely the many environmental exposures we have in the industrial age, both in the air we breath and perhaps the foods we eat. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: Birth defects?

What is the definition or description of: Birth defects?

Birth Defects: A physical or biochemical abnormality that is present at birth- it may be inherited or due to environmental influence. ...Read more

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I feel there is going to be birth defects on my baby. What do I do?

I feel there is going to be birth defects on my baby. What do I do?

Time for consultatn: I would consult with your OB about available forms of testing. There are both screening and more specific tests for a variety of issues. High resolution ultrasound can detect many structural defects while blood tests or amniocentesis can detect others. There is no overall test that could guarantee a given baby does a problem that is missed by the usual screening. ...Read more

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Are there any birth defects that are always associated with retardation?

Are there any birth defects that are always associated with retardation?

Genetic anomalies: Chromosomal abnormalities are major known causes for mental retardation. Down syndrome and fragile x syndrome are well known examples. ...Read more

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How can you prevent birth defects?

How can you prevent birth defects?

Pretty limited: Some birth defects such as fetal alcohol syndrome, defects associated with use of Accutane during pregnancy, and neural tube defect associated with Folic Acid deficiency are some examples whose occurrence can be minimized at least if not totally preventable. ...Read more

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Why so many birth defects in india?

Many factors: Poor hygiene, poor follow up and diagnostics for pregnant women, close relative marriage, acute and chronic disease, physical abuse of women and, probably, other causes. ...Read more

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Does ureaplasma cause birth defects?

Ureaplasma: Ureaplasma infection is associated with premature births as well as spontaneous abortions. During birth the organism can also infect the newborn and cause meningitis, pneumonia or septicemia (blood infection). ...Read more

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Can listeriosis cause birth defects?

Can listeriosis cause birth defects?

Stillbirth: Our biggest concern is that listeria infection in the expectant woman can cause death of her fetus. There have been cases traced to eating contaminated cheese and cold cuts. Please see my guide on what food to feed your family (and fetus); there are two answers and links to food safety there. ...Read more

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