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Doctor insights on: Borderline Glaucoma

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I have borderline glaucoma, how long will it be before it gets really bad?

I have borderline glaucoma, how long will it be before it gets really bad?

Glaucoma suspect : It is possible that if you were diagnosed with borderline glaucoma, that you may never develop glaucoma. However it is very difficult to determine when glaucoma may begin. Certain factors that can be attained through your exam can let one know if they are at low, moderate, or high risk of development. The best thing that you can do is continue to have regular follow-up to assess if change occurred ...Read more

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Dr. Robert Chang
1,027 doctors shared insights

Glaucoma (Definition)

A condition that causes damage to your eye's optic nerve and gets worse over time. It's often linked to a buildup of pressure inside your eye. Without treatment, glaucoma can cause total permanent blindness ...Read more


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My mum had been diagnosted with borderline glaucoma. She is seeing some black points that are not disapering for several seconds.. How advanced is it?

My mum had been diagnosted with borderline glaucoma. She is seeing some black points that are not disapering for several seconds.. How advanced is it?

Floaters?: If your mother has been diagnosed with borderline glaucoma it is unlikely that any of her visual problems are related to the glaucoma. Typically in borderline glaucoma the optic nerve may look weakened but the function is still good. The black changes that you describe are not typical for the type of damage that occurs with glaucoma, which is typically permanent and irreversible. ...Read more

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I have borderline glaucoma. How much vision loss will I have?

I have borderline glaucoma. How much vision loss will I have?

Glaucoma: Borderline is not really correct. Either you have damage to the optic nerve making glaucoma, or you do not have damage. You may have risk factors or finding that suggest you have or may develop glaucoma. The amount of vision loss will be determined by how well it is controlled, if you do have glaucoma. ...Read more

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Have borderline glaucoma with ocular hyper tension . No heart related issues . When I use timolol maleate 0.5% it hurts in the heart region. Advise ?

Have borderline glaucoma  with ocular hyper tension . No heart related issues . When I use timolol maleate 0.5% it hurts in the heart region. Advise ?

Side effect: If you notice chest pain or tightness or breathing difficulty, you should discontinue timolol and call your eye doc about your symptoms. He/she will more than likely switch you to a different class of medication. ...Read more

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What does a borderline oct rnfl classification in an eye exam mean in a non glaucoma patient.

What does a borderline oct rnfl classification in an eye exam mean in a non glaucoma patient.

Probably not much: If you are not a glaucoma patient and are not otherwise suspicious for glaucoma why did you have an oct nerve fiber layer analysis in the first place? Oct nfl testing is a very poor screening tool and will produce way more false positives then real positives in people who are otherwise not a glaucoma patient or glaucoma suspect. Headaches alone are not usually reason for an oct. ...Read more

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Does glaucoma hurt?

Does glaucoma hurt?

It can: There are 2 main types of glaucoma, closed-angle (acute) and open-angle (chronic). Acute glaucoma is less common, but can present with sudden eye pain due to an increase in intraocular pressure. Chronic glaucoma commonly does not present with eye pain as the process of the disease is more gradual. Be sure to see your doctor if you are experiencing any eye symptoms or are concerned about glaucoma. ...Read more

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Who is at risk for glaucoma?

Everyone: Technically, glaucoma affects babies to adults. Typically older age is a higher risk. Certain ethnicities can be a higher risk for various types of glaucoma. Family history of glaucoma increases the risk. Glaucoma has many secondary causes as well. ...Read more

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Hi, how will I treat glaucoma.?

Hi, how will I treat glaucoma.?

Drops/Lasers/Surgery: Depending on the type and severity of glaucoma that you have, the options for treatment include different eye drops, laser treatments and surgical options. The goal of all treatment modalities is to lower the eye pressure. Speak with your eye doctor to determine which treatment option is best for you. ...Read more

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How do I know if I have glaucoma?

How do I know if I have glaucoma?

Eye exam plus: A comprehensive eye exam including a history of systemic & ocular problems, family history, & type of present medications. Intraocular pressure is measured. Dilation of the pupils is performed to evaluate the optic nerve, retina & blood vessels. Corneal pachymetry, optical coherence tomography, & visual field testing are performed as necessary. The data gathered is analyzed; diagnosis & treatment. ...Read more

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How does the test go for glaucoma?

How does the test go for glaucoma?

Multiple tests…: Are requested for a glaucoma patient. After checking the patient's vision, The eye pressure should be taken, and refraction to fully correct for glasses. There is a measurement of the thickness of the cornea in addition to a visual field test and possibly a scan of the retinal nerve fiber layer of the back of the eye. A picture of the optic nerve also helps. ...Read more

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What is glaucoma and is it serious?

What is glaucoma and is it serious?

Optic nerve disease: Glaucoma as defined by The American Academy of Ophthalmology is “a group of diseases with certain features including an intraocular pressure that is too high for the continued health of the eye.” It is very serious and is often free of symptoms until late in the disease. There tends to be a familial tendency and is more common in African Americans & the elderly. ...Read more

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Can glaucoma occur in 14 year olds?

Glaucoma: Glaucoma can occur in a 14 year old albeit rare. Glaucoma can occur at any age (congenital, juvenile, adult). I recommend seeing an eye doctor for an exam and further evaluation. ...Read more

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How do amhetamines affect glaucoma?

Be careful : There are 2 types of glaucoma: open aangle and narrow (closed) angle. Narrow angle is less common and is caused by the iris (color of the eye) blocking the eye's natural drain. Certain medications can force the iris to further block the drain, increasing eye pressure and worsening the glaucoma. For this reason, it is vital that you tell your eye doctor all the medications/drugs that you take. ...Read more

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How can you tell you have glaucoma ?

How can you tell you have glaucoma ?

Often symptomless : A comprehensive eye examination including a dilated funduscopic examination is essential to diagnosing glaucoma. Additional testing thereafter, if indicated, would also be performed. Many people diagnosed with glaucoma have no symptoms. A positive family history, traumatic eye injury, steroid medication use, inflammatory eye disease, congenital abnormalities, aging are among some instigators. ...Read more

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Who's at the most risk for glaucoma?

Who's at the most risk for glaucoma?

Variety of factors: Person who has immediate relative with glaucoma (parents or siblings), with large cupped optic nerves and high eye pressures (above 21), with history of blunt eye trauma would i think be at most risk for glaucoma. ...Read more

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What do I do if diagnosed as glaucoma?

See your eye doctor: There are couple of ways of treating glaucoma. Medication, laser, or surgery. Best to let your ophthalmologist guide you in your treatment. ...Read more

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How is normal tension glaucoma treated?

Lower eye pressure: Normal tension glaucoma exists when the pressure in the eye, despite being what we call normal, causes changes that mimic ordinary glaucoma damage. Treatment is with drops and surgery to get the pressure even lower. The goal is the same, to get the pressure lower to a level that allows the eye to function but causes no pressure damage. It is not very common. ...Read more

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How many sub-types of glaucoma are there?

Several: The two major types, open angle and narrow angle other sub-types include traumatic, inflammatory and pseudoexpholiation, . ...Read more

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How probable is it for me to develop glaucoma?

How probable is it for me to develop glaucoma?

Prevalence: The prevalence of glaucoma depends on race, age, gender, certain disease states, genetics. For Blacks its about 3.4% compared to 1.9% for whites. Hispanics are about 1.5%. The prevalence increases with aging, female gender. Family history that is positive for the disease as well as increasing intraocular pressure that is determined to be unhealthy for the optic nerve are other contributors. ...Read more

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How reliable is oct scan in diagnosing glaucoma?

How reliable is oct scan in diagnosing glaucoma?

Maybe: The diagnosis of glaucoma relies on many pieces of data. The shape of the optic nerve, retinal nerve fiber layer thickness, visual field testing, c:d volume and rim thickness, intraocular pressure and changes in these parameters over time. It is rare for only one to be abnormal i would suggest a second opinion before starting treatment. Don't just ignore the possible DX , glaucoma can blind. ...Read more

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