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Doctor insights on: Bmi Bone Density

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Why is bone density important?

Why is bone density important?

For multiple reasons: Achieving the potential peak bone mass during adolescence, and maintaining it during the adulthood is very important for preventing future fractures. There are many diseases, medications, lifestyle habits, and food components can adversely affect the bone density and the bone quality leading to fragility (osteoporotic) fractures. If one takes proactive actions, most of these are preventable. ...Read more

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Dr. Cornelius O'leary jr
543 doctors shared insights

Body Mass Index (Definition)

Body mass index (BMI) is a measurement based on a person's height and weight, to decide if a person is too heavy or too light for his height. The index is a number that can be in the underweight range, normal range, overweight range, or obese range. Children use different number ranges than adults do, ...Read more


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What would keep a person's bone density levels from dropping?

What would keep a person's bone density levels from dropping?

Exercise and diet: Regular exercise, and appropriate vitamin d an calcium intake is necessary to maintain bone density. ...Read more

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Do painkillers affect bone density?

Do painkillers affect bone density?

No: But some medicines, notably the h2 blockers like Cimetidine and the proton pump inhibitors like esomeprazole, can reduce calcium absorption. Some studies have suggested this can lead to increased fracture risk in the long run. ...Read more

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Can fluoride decrease bone density?

Depends on exposure: Interesting question. It has been a long standing observation that over exposure to Fluoride can lead to decrease in bone density and increased overall fracture rate, however and interestingly enough, limited exposure actually increases bone density (mainly in trabecular bone such as spine). Even so, the increased density does not correspond to increased bone strength. ...Read more

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How do they test for low bone density?

Bone densitometer: An instrument called a bone densitometer is utilizes a very small dose of radiation to measure bone density in the spine, hip and forearm. ...Read more

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What is a ultrasonic bone density test?

What is a ultrasonic bone density test?

A DXA alternative: The dual energy x-ray analysis (dexa or dxa) is considered the "gold standard" for measuring the mineral content of your bone. A similar measurement can be done with ct-scans or ultrasound, where the impedance of the sound wave can be correlated with bone mineral. None of these tests provide much definitive information about fracture risks. Ask you doctor for a frax clinical analysis first! ...Read more

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Is a heel bone density scan trustworthy?

Is a heel bone density scan trustworthy?

No...: No...Heel bone density scan is not as accurate or precise as other methods of bone densitometry. Spine, hip, and radius bone density measurements are better. ...Read more

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I'm confused by the bone density t score?

I'm confused by the bone density t score?

Relates to max dense: T score compares patient to age/sex/race matched individuals at age 32 (or so)-peak bone density. Relates to statistcs, bell shaped curve. Nl is (-)1 standard deviation and better (top 80+%). Low bone mass (osteopenia) (-)1.0-(-) 2.5 std dev (about #5-20 in a classof 100); osteoporosis (-)2.5 or more (bottom of the class). These vary with age, sex, race. Z score compares pt to same age, sex, race. ...Read more

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How accurate is the heel bone density test?

How accurate is the heel bone density test?

Depends: The diagnosis of osteopenia and osteoporosis are generally made from a dxa machine that tests the spine and hip. The heel test is done with a portable device that is used to screen for bone loss. Although accurate statistically, it is not used clinically unless there is not a device that will measure the spine and hip. The heel should not be used to follow the rate of change in the bone density. ...Read more

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Bone (Definition)

Bone is a living growing tissue made mostly of collagen (protein that provides soft framework) & the mineral calcium phosphate that adds strength & hardens the framework. Two types of bone are found in the body; cortical (dense compact outer layer) & trabecular (makes up inner layer, ...Read more


Bmi (Definition)

Bmi or body mass index is how we define if a person is under or overweight. It is calculated my taking your height in meters and dividing it by your weight in kilograms squared. Or using a bmi calculator. A normal weight is a bmi between 18-25. Obese is a ...Read more