Doctor insights on:
Blood Clot Symptoms
DVT: 20yo is kinda young to have blood clots in legs but it's not that rare either, especially in those w/genetic risks eg thrombophilia, taking estrogen-based birth control, have had recent major surgery or traveled extensively w/o much movement eg transoceanic flight. Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) can loosen & move to lungs where they're deadly eg pulmonary embolism. Go to ER immediately for treatment
Clotting factors: Liver makes specific proteins called clotting factors which when stimulated with injury to a blood vessel (cut, blunt trauma) results in a domino effect and blood clots to seal the bleeding vessels. Some have a genetic lack of certain factors which make them bleed, or others more susceptible to forming blood clots.
Natural process: Your blood contains platelets as well as clotting factors made by your liver. When there is an injury in the blood vessels as well as when there is relative absence of blood flow, the clotting factors and platelets thicken the blood producing the clot.
"Blocked Pipes": Blood contains proteins which cause the blood to congeal when outside of blood vessels. This can be life-saving following trauma but can be life-threatening if the clotting mechanism is activated inside a blood vessel, leading to the obstruction of flow to the brain (stroke), heart muscles (mi), or lungs (pulmonary emboli), to name a few. Rx hinges on opening the blockage asap+/-blood thinners.See 1 more doctor answer
Type ?: You don't describe the clot - a DVT may need anti-coagulants, while a superficial venous clot will not. Arterial clots, or cardiac clots will also need treatment, Cosmetic clots (derm) will resolve on their own.. Will try to answer more detail if you can offer more information
Blood clot removal: Blood clots in general are removed naturally from the body. The body has a system of clotting as well as a system to prevent too much clotting. Whenever a clot is formed in the body over time the body will naturally reabsorb it. Sometimes doctors give medication to prevent the blood from being able to clot easily.
Thrombus: I trust you mean clots forming in blood vessels, called thrombi. Alteration in or more the following three things causes thrombus formation. 1. Alteration in blood flow, 2. Damage to the lining of blood vessel, called endothelium and 3. Increased coagulability of blood. The reference below provided professional explanation. http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMra0801082
Blood clot causes: We doctors are taught to remember virchow's triad: blood vessel injury, stasis, and hypercoagulability. The first refers to things like surgery and catheters, the second to slow blood flow due to immobility or compression on a blood vessel, and last to things that make the clotting system more active like birth control pills and hereditary disorders that make the blood more likely to clot.
No: I assume that you mean to ask if it is normal to develop blood clots when taking oral contraceptive pills (ocp). The risk of developing blood clots (deep vein thrombosis, coronary artery thrombosis) is slightly increased in persosn taking ocp, however, this is not normal. The risks are particularly increased in patients with acquired or genetic clotting tendencies.See 2 more doctor answers
Prescription medicin: Blood clots are dangerous and a physician should be seen immediately. If the clot is in the leg a doppler test can confirm it and a physician will prescribe meds to thin the blood and help prevent it from going to the lungs. Initially you should not be active because you do not want to dislodge it and cause it to travel in your bloodstream. Blood thinners will be taken for at least 3 months.
Blood: Large amount of blood will cause large clots. For good health - Have a diet rich in fresh vegetables, fruits, whole grains, milk and milk products, nuts, beans, legumes, lentils and small amounts of lean meats. Avoid saturated fats. Drink enough water daily, so that your urine is mostly colorless. Exercise at least 150 minutes/week and increase the intensity of exercise gradually. Do not use tobacco, alcohol, weed or street drugs in any form. Practice safe sex, if you have sex.