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Doctor insights on: Black Diptheria

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What is diphtheria?

What is diphtheria?

Diphtheria: Diphtheria is a bacterial infection of the upper airway caused by Corynebacterium diphtheriae. This disease was historically associated with severe illness and sometimes death, until the vaccine against it was developed in the early 1920's. Currently, immunization schedules including the DTaP vaccine have been tremendously successful in preventing this disease. ...Read more

Diphtheria (Definition)

Diphtheria is a potentially fatal, contagious disease that usually involves the nose, throat, and air passages, but may also infect the skin. Its most striking feature is the formation of a grayish membrane covering the tonsils and upper part of the throat. This is a preventable disease by vaccination. It is ...Read more


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What causes diphtheria?

What causes diphtheria?

C.diphtheriae strain: The germ corynebacterium diphtheriae is a bacteria that has a toxic strain that uses humans as it's only reservoir. It produces a variety of enzymes that allow it to penetrate and destroy cells or have toxic effects on the heart, kidneys & nerves. ...Read more

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How serious is diphtheria?

How serious is diphtheria?

Very serious for...: Unimmunized individuals. Case fatalities ranged from 3% to 23% during the epidemic in the former soviet union during the 1990s. Fully immunized individuals experience mild sore throat. ...Read more

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How does diphtheria spread

Droplet, skin disch: The diphtheria organisms are spread by respiratory tract droplets or by contact with discharge from skin lesions. ...Read more

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How can you avoid diphtheria?

Get vaccinated: Humans are the only reservoir of contageous material. Since international travel is common, a contageous traveler, early in their illness, could spred the germ anywhere in the world.The germs are often spread in a cough or contaminated secretions.Fully immunized persons can acquire a mild sore throat & spred it to others. ...Read more

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How is diphtheria transmitted?

Droplets/drainage: Diptheria is spread by contact with respiratory tract droplets from a respiratory carrier or drainage from skin lesions from a person with cutaneous diptheria.. ...Read more

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How should I treat diphtheria?

In many cases, YES: Otherwise, whoever has diphtheria can die, or while dying, can actively spread the disease to other people. ...Read more

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How can people get diphtheria?

How can people get diphtheria?

Droplets or skin: Spread through respiratory secretions (cough or sneeze) or direct contact with lesion. ...Read more

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What symptoms suggest diphtheria?

Sore throat: Mainly sore throat with lymph gland swelling, hoarseness and stridor. ...Read more

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What are the tests for diphtheria?

DIPHTHERIA: The appearance of the membrane suggest th dx. Gram stain is positive to gram negative bacilli and send for culture for c. Diptheriae. ...Read more

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