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Doctor insights on: Black Diptheria

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What is diphtheria?

What is diphtheria?

Diphtheria: Diphtheria is a bacterial infection of the upper airway caused by Corynebacterium diphtheriae. This disease was historically associated with severe illness and sometimes death, until the vaccine against it was developed in the early 1920's. Currently, immunization schedules including the DTaP vaccine have been tremendously successful in preventing this disease. ...Read more

Diphtheria (Definition)

A potentially fatal, contagious disease that usually involves the nose, throat, and air passages, but may also infect the skin. Its most striking feature is the formation of a grayish membrane covering the tonsils and upper ...Read more


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What causes diphtheria?

What causes diphtheria?

C.diphtheriae strain: The germ corynebacterium diphtheriae is a bacteria that has a toxic strain that uses humans as it's only reservoir. It produces a variety of enzymes that allow it to penetrate and destroy cells or have toxic effects on the heart, kidneys & nerves. ...Read more

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How serious is diphtheria?

How serious is diphtheria?

Very serious for...: Unimmunized individuals. Case fatalities ranged from 3% to 23% during the epidemic in the former soviet union during the 1990s.
Fully immunized individuals experience mild sore throat. ...Read more

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How does diphtheria spread

How does diphtheria spread

Droplet, skin disch: The diphtheria organisms are spread by respiratory tract droplets or by contact with discharge from skin lesions. ...Read more

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How can you avoid diphtheria?

Get vaccinated: Humans are the only reservoir of contageous material. Since international travel is common, a contageous traveler, early in their illness, could spred the germ anywhere in the world. The germs are often spread in a cough or contaminated secretions. Fully immunized persons can acquire a mild sore throat & spred it to others. ...Read more

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How can people get diphtheria?

Diphtheria: This is an acute upper respiratory tract infection, but sometimes it infects the skin. Hippocrates first described the disease in the 4th century BC and major epidemics swept through Europe in the 17th century. It was known as 'the strangling angel of children'.

it spreads through droplet infection. The means by respiratory secretions (sneezing, coughing) ...Read more

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How is diphtheria transmitted?

Droplets/drainage: Diptheria is spread by contact with respiratory tract droplets from a respiratory carrier or drainage from skin lesions from a person with cutaneous diptheria.. ...Read more

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How should I treat diphtheria?

In many cases, YES: Otherwise, whoever has diphtheria can die, or while dying, can actively spread the disease to other people. ...Read more

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What symptoms suggest diphtheria?

Sore throat: Mainly sore throat with lymph gland swelling, hoarseness and stridor. ...Read more

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What are the tests for diphtheria?

DIPHTHERIA: The appearance of the membrane suggest th dx. Gram stain is positive to gram negative bacilli and send for culture for c. Diptheriae. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of diphtheria

Many: Nasal drainage with a white membrane on the septum. Fever, malaise, sore throat with a white to grey membrane on one or both tonsils. Laryngitis can occur with hosrseness, sob and a brassy cough. Heart toxicity, neurologic toxicity, renal toxicity and low blood pressure can all occur. ...Read more

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What are the effects of diphtheria?

Death rate is 5-10%,: Up to 20% in patients <age 5 & > age 40 from infections caused by toxin-producing strains of Corynebacterium Diphtheriae. It was endemic in San Antonio, TX, when I worked there. There is tissue damage. A grayish pseudomembrane covers the tonsils & throat &, sometimes, the larynx. It can obstruct the airway. The toxin damages the heart & paralyzes the soft palate eyes, limbs & diaphragm. Immunize! ...Read more

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What kind of condition is diphtheria?

Bad infection: Diphtheria is an upper respiratory tract illness caused by corynebacterium diphtheriae, a facultative anaerobic, gram-positive bacterium.[1][2] it is characterized by sore throat, low fever, and an adherent membrane (a pseudomembrane) on the tonsils, pharynx, and/or nasal cavity.[3] a milder form of diphtheria can be restricted to the skin. ...Read more

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Can you get diphtheria more than once?

Yes: Yes. Even individuals recovering from diphtheria should be immunized against the disease as soon as possible.

http://www. Ct.gov/dph/cwp/view. Asp? A=3136&q=388276. ...Read more

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How do I know if someone has diphtheria?

How do I know if someone has diphtheria?

You may not: Vaccinated persons may be asymptomatic carriers of the diphtheria germ or have a mild sore throat.Those with symptomatic respiratory disease develop symptoms over a few days & have a severe inflammation of the membranes in the back of the throat & nose. They can develop severe neck swelling, airway blockage & heart inflammation. ...Read more

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Where is diphtheria most commonly found?

Former Soviet Union: Between 1990 and 1998, more than 80 percent of all cases of diphtheria in the world were reported from the former Soviet Union. ...Read more

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My child has diphtheria, can I also catch it?

My child has diphtheria, can I also catch it?

Yes: Diphtheria is highly contagious and possibly deadly disease. You and anyone else exposed to your sick daughter need a course of antibiotics such as Erythromycin and a diphtheria vaccine, regardless of previous vaccination history. ...Read more

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How common is diphtheria in the united states?

Fortunately-not very: There have been only 3 cases in the us between 2000 and 2007. Here's more information for you:

http://en. Wikipedia. Org/wiki/diphtheria. ...Read more

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Can you tell me about the disease of diptheria?

Can you tell me about the disease of diptheria?

Serious&Preventable: Diptheria is a serious infection caused by a Bacteria (cornybacterium Diptheria) and even if treated with anti toxin and antibiotics id fatal in 1in10 cases. It is contagious and caused upper airway obstruction and toxins can affect heart and other organs
But fortunately we do not see much diphtheria due to the Immunisation of children and adults
It is a serious and Preventable Disease ...Read more

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What are possible complications from diphtheria?

What are possible complications from diphtheria?

A few: Serious complications include severe neck swelling accompanying airway obstruction, myocarditis, and peripheral neuropathies. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: diphtheria?

A bacteria: Diphtheria is a potentially fatal, contagious disease that usually involves the nose, throat, and air passages, but may also infect the skin. Its most striking feature is the formation of a grayish membrane covering the tonsils and upper part of the throat.
This is a preventable disease by vaccination. It is rare in United States. ...Read more

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I am already ill, will diphtheria cause complications?

I am already ill, will diphtheria cause complications?

Yes: Diphtheria is a serious infection whether you are already ill or not. Dpt vaccine prevents diphtheria and you should get vaccinated, if you did not get it while you were a child. ...Read more

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I have diphtheria, how long until I can return to work?

Doctor's orders: There are many potential complications to diphtheria and the recovery is slow. The most common complication is inflammation of the heart muscle (myocarditis). The nervous system is also frequently and severely affected, which may result in temporary paralysis. The diphtheria toxin can also damage the kidneys. You should be under the constant care of a physician. ...Read more

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Please tell me if there are any other names for diphtheria?

Not really: There are some old fashioned names for diphtheria that no one uses any more. Throat distemper, malignant croup, malignant quinsies, and a few others. The name of the organism that causes diphtheria is corynebacterium diphtheriae. ...Read more

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Why are kids under 5 and adults over 60 at risk for diphtheria?

Diphtheria: Children under the age of 5, most specifically less than 6 months are most vulnerable due to lack of antibodies to counteract the disease. This is the most important reason why these infants should start receiving the vaccine as early as 6 weeks of age. The risk for diphtheria in adults over 60 is due to waning immunity. This is why receiving regular boosters every 10 years is important. ...Read more

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How are intromuscular injections related to tetnus, diptheria, and poilo?

How are intromuscular injections related to tetnus, diptheria, and poilo?

Vaccines given IM: Most vaccines like those for tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis are given deep into a muscle. This location allows for proper distribution into the body through the blood flow into the muscle, allowing the immune system to begin developing antibodies. The blood flow in fatty areas is not as uniform & injected material could sit for long periods without proper distribution. ...Read more

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What are meningitis, tetnus, and diptheria?

What are meningitis, tetnus, and diptheria?

See below: Meningitis-an inflammation of the coverings of the brain usually caused by germs but can be caused by toxins (chemotherapy)
tetanus-a disease marked by severe muscle spasms caused by a toxin produced by germs growing in wounds.
Diphtheria: a disease caused by a germ s living in the upper airway/nose/throat that can produce obstruction or make a toxin that can injure the heart, kidneys, nerves. ...Read more

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Does diphtheria have a high mortality rate?

Toxic strains 3-23%: Diphtheria has more & less toxic strains with impact based on toxicity. In unprotected areas the case fatality rate during epidemics in the 90's was 3-23%. See aap/red book/28ed/diphtheria. ...Read more

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Do people with diphtheria have a lot of pain?

Yes: Diphtheria is a nasty illness. We don't see a lot of it here, but in a lot of foreign countries, notably russia and surrounding areas, diphtheria is alive and kicking. Be thankful we don't see it here anymore, and the vaccine is so effective. Unbearable throat pain, aches, and more. ...Read more

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Can having diphtheria cause you to be sterile?

Can having diphtheria cause you to be sterile?

Diphtheria: Not usually. The toxin is cardio toxic and the antitoxin will help with cardiac issues. Ii have not heard of sterility issues with diphtheria. I had the only case in the country 10 yrs ago. It will produce a greenish exudate and the tissue in the pharynx will slough. My patient sloughed all the tissue above her vocal cords. I had to put a breathing tube in her to save her life. ...Read more

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How long is a person with diphtheria contagious?

How long is a person with diphtheria contagious?

48 hours: [not the eddie murphy movie! ] usually a person with diphtheria is no longer contagious after they've taken antibiotics for 48 hours. ...Read more

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Who developed the first antitoxin for diphtheria?

See below: Edwin klebs (1834-1913), a swiss-german pathologist, identified and described the bacterium that causes diphtheria in 1883. (just to point out the devastation that diphtheria caused, in 1883, the diphtheria death rate was 125 per 100, 000 people in new york city.) a year later, german bacteriologist friedrich loeffler (1852-1915)
http://www. Historyofvaccines. Org/content/blog/early-uses-diphtheria-antitoxin-united-states. ...Read more

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Are diphtheria outbreaks common in developed countries?

Are diphtheria outbreaks common in developed countries?

Diphtheria: No, because we have a DTP or diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis vaccine available. Undeveloped countries don't have the same level of vaccination and still do see problems with all of these infections. ...Read more

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Why is diphtheria mortality higher in children and adults over 40?

Why is diphtheria mortality higher in children and adults over 40?

Respiratory compromi: Lower immunity may be the reason for quick spread of disease causing respiratory compromise. ...Read more

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Is there a treatment for diphtheria?

Yes: Diptheria antitoxin given IV and antibiotics to kill off the infection while protecting the airway with mechanical ventillation. ...Read more

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What's tetanus & diphtheria?

? TMI: This may be tmi, or too much information. But good articles on both are found here-

http://en. Wikipedia. Org/wiki/tetanus and

http://en. Wikipedia. Org/wiki/diphtheria. ...Read more