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Doctor insights on: Birth Defects Neural Tube Defects

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How do you know if your baby has a neural tube defect before birth?

How do you know if your baby has a neural tube defect before birth?

MSAFP and ultrasound: Maternal serum Alpha fetoprotein at 16 weeks and detailed ultrasound at 18-20 weeks should detect fetal open neural tube defects with 96% accuracy. Closed neural tube defects are more difficult to diagnose but are more innocuous too. ...Read more

Dr. Richard Roberts
55 doctors shared insights

Neural Tube Defect (Definition)

Neural tube defects are birth defects of the brain, spine, or spinal cord. They happen in the first month of pregnancy, often before a woman even knows that she is pregnant. The most common neural tube defects are spina ...Read more


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Can you tell me how is neural tube defect diagnosed after birth (not prenatally)?

Can you tell me how is neural tube defect diagnosed after birth (not prenatally)?

Physical exam: NTD's can form from one end of the nervous system to the other. The most common is spina bifida cystica with a sac of the inferior spinal cord and a skin opening near the lower end of the spine.Hidden defects in the area may be suspected on close exam. NTD at the neck can have a sac of neural tube coverings, Anencephaly, with an open skull is also obvious. ...Read more

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What are the tests for neural tube defects?

Antepartum Dx.: There are screening tests available to detect neural tube defects in the fetus. The most common is called alfa fetoprotein. The levels of this substance is significantly increased if the fetus is affected with an open neural tube defect. ...Read more

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Is there a relationship between cranioschisis and neural tube defects (ntds)?

Related conditions: Open neural tube defects affect areas from the head to end of spine. Usually referred to a Spina Bifida lower on down the vertebral column. The central nervous system needs to close early in gestation before birth. "Schisis" means open or failure to close. Carino's hiatus is a very severe condition. Consult w a pediatric neurologist is recommended ...Read more

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Can you tell me about the relationship between cranioschisis and neural tube defects (ntds)?

Same thing: Cranioschisis is simply a type of neural tube defect. Cranioschisis refers to when the cranial end of the neural tube does not close and the skull and brain do not form properly as a result. There are other types of neural tube defects which affect the development of the spinal cord instead of the brain. Spina bifida is an example. ...Read more

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What are the tests for neural tube defect?

What are the tests for neural tube defect?

Ultrasound, MSAFP.: Prenatal ultrasound should have >90% sensitivity for open neural tube defect detection around 20 weeks. Earlier (>16 weeks) risk stratification can occur with screening maternal blood for AFP - although that is not diagnostic and has to be followed by ultrasound for confirmation and/or differential diagnosis. Fetal MRI is used as part of evaluation for possible fetal surgery to treat spina bifida. ...Read more

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What are neural tube defects?

NTD: Neural tube defects are a host of lesions that affect the spinal cord. They vary in degree from spina bifida occulta ( mildest ) to craniorrachischis totalis ( severest), spina bifida, and myelomengocele being the most frequently encountered. They have been linked to a diet deficient in folate (folic acid) during pregnancy. ...Read more

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Are neural tube defect babies active?

Are neural tube defect babies active?

Possibly: It depends on multiple factors. There are different degrees of neural tube defects. Some people can have a mild defect and other may have a severe defect. It also depends on the location of the defect. Your doctor might be able to better answer this question with all of the relevant information. ...Read more

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What are the core symptoms of neural tube defects?

None: There are no symptoms in a pregnant woman if her baby has a neural tube defect. The blood test for maternal serum Alpha fetoprotein (msafp) is frequently elevated, if she has that testing done, but an ultrasound is necessary to diagnose a neural tube defect in the baby. ...Read more

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Dr. Nikolaos Zacharias
467 doctors shared insights

Birth Defects (Definition)

Birth defects is a term for structural or functional abnormalities that a baby is be born with. These defects can be the result of genetic mutations or external insults to the developing fetus, such ...Read more


Dr. Nikolaos Zacharias
832 doctors shared insights

Congenital Abnormalities (Definition)

Congenital abnormalities, commonly known as "birth defects," are structural conditions that are present from birth. Common abnormalities include limb or facial malformations, but may ...Read more