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Doctor insights on: Biodefense And Bioterrorism Immunization

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What’s the difference between all the vaccines containing diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and pertussis vaccine?

What’s the difference between all the vaccines containing diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and pertussis vaccine?

Ingredients: The acellular pertussis vaccines is now recommended to be given at least once to all adults . There is no recommendation for more than 1 adult booster, but i would not be surprised to see it given for every booster (7-10 yrs) in the future.The other differences are related to the specific type of antigens and quatity in each vaccine.Antigens are the material that triggers your immunity. ...Read more

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Dr. Mark Diamond
1,091 doctors shared insights

Immunization (Definition)

The body is artificially exposed to a dead or weakened organism of a type able to cause disease. The body fights the organism and learns to protect itself, so disease will not develop if exposed to ...Read more


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Are the hepatitis a and tetanus vaccines considered travel immunizations?

Are the hepatitis a and tetanus vaccines considered travel immunizations?

Vaccines for travel: http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/list Check out this interactive website! You can learn about which vaccines are recommended for travel to a particular area of the world. The World Health Organization (WHO) has a similar feature, and also has information about current outbreaks of disease. Have a great trip and safe travels. ...Read more

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Vaccination against cholera uses which type of vaccine?

Vaccination against cholera uses which type of vaccine?

Vaxchora: “Vaxchora is a live, attenuated vaccine. The V. choleraevaccine strain in Vaxchora produces an incomplete, nontoxic version of the cholera toxin. Vaxchora replicates in the gastrointestinal tract.” It induces an anticholera immune response. REF: https://www.paxvaxconnect.com/vaxchora?utm_source=google&utm_medium=cpc&utm_term=vaxchora&utm_campaign=HCP%20Brand It's an oral vaccine approved in 2016 ...Read more

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Do inactivated rabies vaccines elicit cell mediated immunity(t-cells) aside from just antibody production?

Do inactivated rabies vaccines elicit cell mediated immunity(t-cells) aside from just antibody production?

Activated rabies vac: Yes. They activate dendritic cells and presumptively enhance immune function in that fashion. J virol 2011 feb; 85(4) :1634-44. ...Read more

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Immunisation period of full course of anti rabies vaccine if exposure again?

Immunisation period of full course of anti rabies vaccine if exposure again?

Varies: Most consider a full rabies series protective for at least 2 years. Those involved in high risk occupations are encouraged to have a blood test done to verify protective levels at that point and get a booster if the level has declined. ...Read more

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Is immunising against tetanus, diphtheria and polio at the age of 14 imporant?

Is immunising against tetanus, diphtheria and polio at the age of 14 imporant?

Yes it is important: Usually these vaccines are given in first and second year and then booster 4to6 years And TDap is given at age of 11 or 12. But if missed at 11or12 then it can be given at 14 years of age ...Read more

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Received 4th dose of anti rabies vaccine and dog bite me again what is the protection period of immunity?

Received 4th dose of anti rabies vaccine and dog bite me again what is the protection period of immunity?

Over 10 years: The vaccine provides protection for at least 10 years - probably no more than 14 years however. The recommended dose after possible exposure is 4 doses which you have now had. You should be covered. ...Read more

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Is there an anti rabies vaccine and booster?

Yes: Individuals exposed to rabid animal receive 4-5 doses of rabies vaccine. Only those who are at high risk to rabies, e.g., animal handlers, receive booster shot. ...Read more

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What is the purpose of a booster dose for live vaccines, such as the OPV and measles vaccines?

What is the purpose of a booster dose for live vaccines, such as the OPV and measles vaccines?

Assurance: Vaccines for these and many others are seldom as helpful in generating immunity as the wild disease. Since they are better for the patient than getting the disease, it is what we have to offer. Sometimes a percentage of the first dose will have no effect, or the effect on building antibodies will not last long. Boosters push the body to do its best and give longer protection. ...Read more

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How important is immunizing against tetanus, diphtheria, and polio at the age of 14?

How important is immunizing against tetanus, diphtheria, and polio at the age of 14?

Boosters: The tdap given at 11-15 is for tetanus, diphtheria and whooping cough (pertussis). The tetanus & diphtheria help you keep protective antibody levels up so you don't get these devastating infections. The pertussis vaccine helps prevent you from getting a 100 day bronchitis cough or being a carrier & giving it to a baby that could die from it. Polio is generally not given at this age unless missed ...Read more

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Is any vaccine available to give protection against pneumoccocal pneumonia?

Is any vaccine available to give protection against pneumoccocal pneumonia?

Yes: There are 2 -the conjugate and the polysaccharide version.The latter is available for adults. Both for pediatrics.They are not perfect, but prevent a number, but not all strains. ...Read more

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Is it better to reinforce the immunity against the coronavirus to take influenza vaccine?

Is it better to reinforce the immunity against the coronavirus to take influenza vaccine?

No: Coronoviruses and infuenza viruses are two different types of viruses so unfortunately immunity to one type does not give you protection from the other. In fact, there are many different strains of each virus and immunity to one strain only gives limited to no protection for other strains of the same type of virus. Both types of virus attack your respiratory system. ...Read more

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I took verorab for dog bite in India and titer as of 2015 is high.I am in US now,will this type of vaccine titer protect against bat caused rabies?

I took verorab for dog bite in India and titer as of 2015 is high.I am in US now,will this type of vaccine titer protect against bat caused rabies?

Probably yes: We usually don't give rabies vaccine in U.S. Unless you you are in a high risk setting - lab worker, zoo vet, etc. rabies incidence in U.S. Is low so we don't usually give prophylactic vaccination for it. You can check your State Health Dept for where you are living or call the CDC for the most current guidance. ...Read more

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I thought the rabies vaccine at least provided 2 years worth of immunity to future exposures?

I thought the rabies vaccine at least provided 2 years worth of immunity to future exposures?

About correct: According to experts : the duration of immunity afforded to humans by a two injection vaccination course was found to be between two to three years.[12][13][14] following administration of a booster dose (recommended at one year), one study found 97% of immuno-competent individuals demonstrate protective levels of neutralizing antibodies at 10 years.[15]. ...Read more

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Who created the measles and rubella vaccine?

Measles vaccine was : Measle vaccine was invented in 1953 by john franklin enders, and jonas buttococking invented rubella vaccine in 1960s. ...Read more

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Is Hib or h1n1 immunization for baby necessary vaccines?

Is Hib or h1n1 immunization for baby necessary vaccines?

YES!: The hib vaccine protects babies and infants against a type of bacteria which can cause meningitis and death. When i started my medical training, it was a fairly common, and serious, infection. Due to the success of the vaccine, it is now uncommon. H1n1 is a part of the influenza vaccine which keeps patients from getting the seasonal flu and should be given to all people over 6 months of age. ...Read more

Dr. Larry Lutwick
17 doctors shared insights

Biodefense And Bioterrorism (Definition)

Biodefense and bioterrorism refer to activities around preventing and detecting malicious acts involving the use of bacteria, or other biologic agents. The use of mailed anthrax in 2001 was ...Read more


Dr. Howard Schneider
6 doctors shared insights

Biological Weapons (Definition)

Biological weapons is a term for infectious diseases being used as weapons to disable, ...Read more