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Doctor insights on: Bilirubin Amniotic Fluid

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How does meconium stain amniotic fluid causes amniotic fluid embolism?

How does meconium stain amniotic fluid causes amniotic fluid embolism?

It does not!: Meconium passage in utero is common and generally without consequence provided there is no fetal distress. Amniotic fluid embolism is a very rare but almost always lethal maternal complication of late pregnancy. The two conditions are unrelated. ...Read more

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Bilirubin (Definition)

Bilirubin is the potentially toxic product of heme metabolism. It is formed by breakdown of heme present in hemoglobin, myoglobin, cytochromes, catalase, peroxidase and tryptophan pyrrolase. Eighty percent of the daily bilirubin production comes from hemoglobin. It requires conversion to a water-soluble form before elimination from the body by ...Read more


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Blood debris in amniotic fluid normal?

Blood debris in amniotic fluid normal?

Based on setting: During pregnancy, it is not unusual to see "debris" in the amniotic fluid during ultrasound. This is likely related to vernix - a cheesy substane produced by the baby. On the other hand, bloody amniotic fluid that is actually seen can be normal, or it can be a sign of a complication called placental abruption. In either case, this should be clarified by the ob/gyn involved. ...Read more

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Fetal lung fluid & urine make amniotic fluid, right? So what caused oligohydramnios?

Fetal lung fluid & urine make amniotic fluid, right? So what caused oligohydramnios?

Decreased perfusion: Oligo can be either loss of fluid or decreased production. A stressed infant will shunt oxygenated blood to more vital organs, less renal perfusion, therefore less urine produced. Anything that decreases placental perfusion can cause it (abruption or placental separation, poor implantation, vascular problems, clots, uterine abnls, etc). There are too many causes to list here, ask your ob. ...Read more

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What is amniotic fluid embolism?

What is amniotic fluid embolism?

Maternal illness: As a complication of pregnancy and delivery, amniotic fluid may gain entry into the maternal circulation. It induces intravascular thrombus formation followed by bleeding disorder, and respiratory problems and shock in the mother. ...Read more

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What causes amniotic fluid embolism?

Vein: It is when amniotic fluid enters the bloodstream through the venous system. It can be very dangerous, potentially causing a embolus in the lung. ...Read more

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What's alpha-fetoprotein (afp) in amniotic fluid?

What's alpha-fetoprotein (afp) in amniotic fluid?

See below: AFP is a protein produced by the yolk sac and liver of a fetus. Since it is in the plasma of the fetus, it can be found in the blood of the mother. ...Read more

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What causes low amniotic fluid levels?

What causes low amniotic fluid levels?

Circulation issues: The amniotic fluid 'circulates' inside the uterus after it is manufactured including the baby swallowing some of it. If there are genetic problems with the fetus or problems in 'manufacturing' both can cause low levels. ...Read more

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Bleeding during first trimester slightly irregular gestational sac 17mm fluid collection beside gestational sac free fluid in cervix baby hr 167?

Bleeding during first trimester slightly irregular gestational sac 17mm fluid collection beside gestational sac free fluid in cervix baby hr 167?

Threaten miscarriage: You need to wait it out and have another ultrasound in a few days. This is a threatened miscarriage. The fht is good. ...Read more

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Can normal seperation of placenta during birth cause Amniotic Fluid Embolisim?

Can normal seperation of placenta during birth cause Amniotic Fluid Embolisim?

Very rare event: Amniotic fluid embolism is a very rare event occurring in about 1/50,000 deliveries. The exact cause in unknown. ...Read more

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What does large fluid collection with an air fluid level mean ??

What does large fluid collection with an air fluid level mean ??

Where?: Where is this seen? Is this on plain x-ray or a CT scan? Need much more detailed clinical information. Could mean anything from air & fluid in a urinary bladder, air & fluid in the stomach, or something concerning like an abscess. Review with the doctor who ordered the study please. ...Read more

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Can u leak amniotic fluid at 35 weeks of pregnancy?

Can u leak amniotic fluid at 35 weeks of pregnancy?

Yes, call OB: Call your obstetrician, could be premature rupture of membranes, infection, trauma, other things. ...Read more

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18 week fetal US indicated enlarged bladder. Kidneys measured normal. Amniotic fluid normal. Any advice?

18 week fetal US indicated enlarged bladder. Kidneys measured normal. Amniotic fluid normal. Any advice?

Full bladder US?: If the ultrasound was done with a full bladder as is usually done, then the pregnancy will distort and displace the bladder at 18 weeks, so it is difficult to say that the "bladder was enlarged". Since the amniotic fluid content is OK. as well as the fetus then "no worries" at this juncture. ...Read more

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At what level is amniotic fluid too low?

At what level is amniotic fluid too low?

Amniotic fluid: Fluid levels change throughout pregnancy. When someone has low fluid we call it oligohydramnios. This is where the total amniotic fluid index is less than 5.0 cmtotal or. The largest verticle measured pocket of fluid is less than 2.0 cm. Levels between 5-10 cm is low normal & can be due to multiple causes including dehydration. Discuss these findings with your md. ...Read more

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Dark urine during prenancy, is it the amniotic fluid?

Dark urine during prenancy, is it the amniotic fluid?

Likely not.: Amniotic fluid is clear liquid.Dark urine could be due to dehydration or effect of meds. Follow up with ur oby for any concern. Take care. http://m.thebump.com/pregnancy/pregnancy-symptoms/articles/dark-urine-during-pregnancy.aspx. ...Read more

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What causes spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid leaks?

What causes spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid leaks?

See a neurologist: Possibly trauma, tumors or masses but it would be wise to seek out a neurologist or neurosurgeon. ...Read more

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If amniotic sac is intact during vaginal delivery or c section, Are chances of AMniotic Fluid Embolisim basically zero chance?

If amniotic sac is intact during vaginal delivery or c section, Are chances of AMniotic Fluid Embolisim basically zero chance?

Yes: Actually, AFE is quite a rare event and, to a degree, independent of a patient's ruptured status. The general idea is that there is a breech and/or permeability of the of the natural blood-amniotic barriers. This allows products of pregnancy to, unaturally, enter the maternal circulation and cause catatrophic events (primarily in the lungs), culminating in death, oftentimes. ...Read more

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What causes amniotic fluid to leak at 27 week?

What causes amniotic fluid to leak at 27 week?

A hole: The bag of water is held together by amniotic membranes that have less integrity than an overfilled water balloon. Sometimes, they develop a "hole" and leak and re-seal, and sometimes they don't. Either way you need to tell your OB MD of this development as fetus' can get infected and die if the membranes are truly compromised. ...Read more

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Is low levels of amniotic fluid a big concern?

Is low levels of amniotic fluid a big concern?

Yes: Low fluid is something of concern. There is risks of growth retardation, fetal compromise due to cord compression. It could do to fetal anomalies. There is a lot of causes of low fluid. It is very important that your dr gives close f/u. ...Read more