Doctor insights on:
Benign Cytologic Features
Obstruction of urine: It involves enlargement of prostatic stromal and epithelial cells, resulting in the formation of large, discrete nodules in the area of prostate surrounding the urethra. When sufficiently large, the nodules compress the urethra causing partial, or sometimes complete, blockage of the urethra, making one unable to void. It leads to symptoms of hesitancy, strain, urgency, frequent and painful voiding. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
DYSPLASTIC NEVUS: THIS IS A NEVUS (MOLE) WITH AN ABNORMAL DEVELOPMENT OR GROWTH OF CELLS. THIS SHOULD BE SEEN BY A DERMATOLOGIST WHO WILL DECIDE WHETHER TO EITHER WATCH IT PERIODICALLY OR TO CUT IT OUT -- BIOPSY IT -- UNDER LOCAL ANESTHESIA AND THEN SEND THE SAMPLE TO A SPECIALIZED PATHOLOGIST FOR AN EXAMINATION. ...Read more
Abundant benign appearing follicular epithelial cells, hemosidering-laden macrophages &colloid present. & scattered micro follicles noted. Favor adenomatoid nodule. What is adenomatoid nodule?
Slow urination +: Fiurst signs of BPH are usually slowing of the urinary stream followed by incomplete bladder emptying or the perception thereof. Need to urinate more frequently by day and night. This can culminate in urinary retention (inability to urinate) which if present, must be urgently relieved by catheterization. BPH best managed by a urologist. Surgery, prostatectomy preferably cystoscopically is best rx. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
If both benign and malignant tumours are formed by abnormal cell division, what makes malignant tumours cancerous and benign tumours non-cancerous?
Power to invade: Tumors are in fact caused by the accumulation of a series of genetic mutations. If something is going to be cancer, the mutations destabilize the genome and eventually mutations give the ability of the cells to invade and spread as they do early after conception. The idea that tumors are "cells dividing too rapidly" is fundamentally wrong and confusing -- it's the loss of controls. ...Read more
Depends: A thymoma is a malignant tumor of the thymus, and the seriousness depends on details in the pathology report. An ectopic thymus and a hamartoma are both benign, but if the report says "thymoma" then it is probably malignant although not necessarily very serious if completely removed. Discuss with your surgeon! ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Myxofibrosarcoma presenting in the skin: clinicopathological features and differential diagnosis with cutaneous myxoid neoplasms.?
Fairly common: The differential diagnosis will be made by the pathology team. My teacher hector battifora was among the world's most distinguished sarcoma pathologists but said he would never sign one out without another pathologist. The low nuclear grade ones rarely metastasize / kill, but all are prone to annoying local recurrences. Good luck, glad it's this relatively tame (still dangerous) cancer. ...Read more
Depends on situation: There is a middle ground between the common idea of benign (never harmful) and malignant (always harmful). Conditions like tuberous sclerosis can generate tumors that become destructive because of there location, like in the brain or heart. They don't have to travel there like some cancers, they can just pop up anywhere ; interfere with normal tissue. ...Read more
Big subject!: I wish i could do everybody's homework assignments in 400 characters. Get a good pathology textbook such as robbins or a website you trust and read up on the lymphocytic and lymphoblastic leukemias, hodgkin's disease, and the non-hodgkin's lymphomas. Good luck. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Yes: All tumors arise from normal pre existing cells that have undergone some form of transformation. Several oncogenes are turned on to present the benign as well as malignant lesion with immortality. In the case of the malignant tumor additional changes allow for matrix metalloproteinase to be produced to dissolve walls of blood vessels for metastasis and convert e-cadherin to small e cad. ...Read more
Pathology cytology report of Left thyroid biopsy says NO malignant cells... changes suggestive of Colloid nodule/ nodular Goiter. What's next?
MNG + cyst: Hello ~ this is a nodule in MNG (multi-nodular goitre). Previously thought to have no risk of Ca and DOMINANT nodule to have 1% risk and solitary nodule 10% risk. Retrospective studies now show up to 13.7% risk of cancer overall in MNG. Thats high. I would see a surgeon to discuss if this warrants thyroidectomy. thanks ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Breastduct excision fibrocystic changes,ductal hyperplasia w/o atypical,apocrine metaplasia,dilated benign ducts with thermal artifact.this means what?
No cancer: All of the changes in your breast are benign and there is no cancer. For good health - Have a diet rich in fresh vegetables, fruits, whole grains, milk and milk products, nuts, beans, legumes, lentils and small amounts of lean meats. Avoid saturated fats. Exercise at least 150 minutes/week and increase the intensity of exercise gradually. Do not use tobacco, alcohol, weed or street drugs in any form. Practice safe sex. ...Read more
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