Doctor insights on:
Benign Cytologic Features
Slow urination +: Fiurst signs of BPH are usually slowing of the urinary stream followed by incomplete bladder emptying or the perception thereof. Need to urinate more frequently by day and night. This can culminate in urinary retention (inability to urinate) which if present, must be urgently relieved by catheterization. BPH best managed by a urologist. Surgery, prostatectomy preferably cystoscopically is best rx. ...Read more
Obstruction of urine: It involves enlargement of prostatic stromal and epithelial cells, resulting in the formation of large, discrete nodules in the area of prostate surrounding the urethra. When sufficiently large, the nodules compress the urethra causing partial, or sometimes complete, blockage of the urethra, making one unable to void. It leads to symptoms of hesitancy, strain, urgency, frequent and painful voiding. ...Read more
Bpv: Lets break down the name. Benign: so it's nothing serious. Positional : meaning its triggered by a certain position, like sitting or lying down. Vertigo: commonly described as a room spinning, merry, go round feeling. ...Read more
Multiple hypoechoic nodules with benign features in both breasts. Sometimes hurting. Should I have anything to be worried about and have it removed?
Fibrocystic breast: Talk to a general surgeon. Most likely you have fibrocystic breast disease, which is commonly confused with breast cancer (even by trained professionals) - but in your case, correctly determined to be "benign". A surgeon may be able to remove some of the cysts, but they may return. Talk to a surgeon about options for removal, a doctor about other treatments (heating pads, NSAIDs like Naproxen, &c) ...Read more
What does BENIGN ENDOMETRIUM W/ ATROPHIC CHANGES & FEATURES OF GLANDULAR & STROMAL BREAKDOWN mean? NEG FOR HYPHYPERPLASIA, ATYPIA, OR MALIGNANCY.
Pathology 101: An endometrial biopsy is usually done to look for cancer, and the pathologist here saw no signs of cancer (malignancy/atypia) in the sample obtained. The other findings can be seen with or close to menopause (natural or induced by surgery or medications), and can be normal in many situations, but context (why the test was done) is important to be able to interpret this result uniquely for you. ...Read more
31y/o female. Thyroid us with 1cm nodule benign features. 8x8mm nodule w/ sl inc doppler flow. Both sharp margins/isoechoic. No path calcifications. Md recommends f/u in 6 mo. Should I request biopsy?
Six yo w/ palpable bilat posterior cervical nodes (biggest 1.1 cm-us w/ benign features). Cbc normal; CMV IgG 186, IgM neg. Uri in july. Is it normal?
Monitoring Centers: Lymphatic system absorbs/carries things too big to go into the arteries/veins like bacteria eaten by white cells/digested food. Lymph nodes "taste" the lymph everywhere for bad stuff like bacteria/viruses/cancers, etc. When it detects a problem, it alerts the immune system and your body reacts. They enlarge in response to the inflammation they create when they react. They shrink when all is well. ...Read more
Intimidation: Bullying usually refers to behaviors in which one person tries to control another person thorugh the use of intimidation. This often takes the form of physical intimidation and aggression, but it can also have to do with verbal or emotional intimidation. People who engage in bullying often use sarcasm and criticism as a way to try to control others. ...Read more
Benign MS: About 15% of people with MS have only 1-2 attacks of neurological deficit, otherwise, they have an entirely normal life. This is the case even if they are not treated for MS. It would be nice to know how to predict who will have such a clinical course. ...Read more
Teratomas: Teratomas are a type of tumor or mass made up of different types of tissues. They are congenital (meaning they are present at the time of birth) but may not be detected until later in life. Teratomas can be benign or malignant. Benign means the teratoma is non-cancerous and won't spread to other parts of the body. ...Read more
No such condition!: Leukemia by definition is a name given to blood cancer. But there are at least 4 separate types of Leukemias, broadly classified as Acute Leukemias (a very serious disease requiring immediate treatment) and Chronic Leukemias (which are slowly growing Cancers and have a much better prognosis as people with Chronic leukemia can survive for many years...some of these patients are cured with medicines. ...Read more
Benign GN - opinion: Benign nephritis is a term used by a nephrologist to describe his/her opinion of a patient's condition. Usually this term is attached to patient's with nonproteinuric IgA nephropathy, thin basement membrane disorder, or recovered post infectious gn. It is an opinion, it is not a guarantee, but when used by a nephrologist it usually means low risk of progression to esrd. ...Read more
Bursitis is a condition of inflammation often associated
with pain, swelling and some warmth. It is often related to
overactivity typically affecting areas such as the olecranon bursa
of the elbow, trochanteric bursa of the hip and the calcaneal bursa of the heel. The treatment involves rest, ice, nsaids and
sometimes might involve physical therapy or local cortisone injection. ...Read more
Inflammed glans: Only occurs in the uncircumcised under an inflammed foreskin. Combined inlammation of glans & foreskin is known as balanoposthitis. Foreskin usually cannot be retracted and becomes swollen and tender. Immediate treatment usually oral antibiotics plus topical antibiotic salve such as neosporin or bacitracin. See your Dr., circumcision may be adviseable. ...Read more
Lack of Alertness: Confusion usually refers to a state in which people lack a full level of alertness or awareness of what is going on. Sometimes, it can include disorganized thoughts and difficulty completing tasks. Memory may also be affected. It is important to know that "confusion" is a very general term and can occur for many different reasons. ...Read more
Bronchitis: Bronchitis usually starts with a cold caused by a virus. In bronchitis, due to the weakened immunity, some of your own bacteria get down into your airways to the lung and produce heavy mucous which eventually turn purulent (yellow, gray, or green). The main symptoms are heavy cough and production of this thick sputum. There is usually no fever. There may be chest tightness or wheezing. ...Read more
At your age: A simple fluid filled cyst in the ovary is almost always benign. Followup ultrasound is generally not done unless the cyst is over 5cm in size or it has features that are suspicious for something other than a simple cyst. ...Read more
Rare condition from: ...Occupational exposure to beryllium ("be"; a heavy metal). Formerly used in flourescent lights, its now almost exclusively used in the aerospace industry. Be dust is inhaled and can stimulate the immune system like an allergen. Lung disease can be acute like infection or a chronic condition, similar to sarcoid. Individual susceptibility varies probably by genetic variation. ...Read more
Medication: An antiviral is generally a medication specifically used to treat a viral infection. Those medications could be pills, shots, liquids, creams, gels, etc. Many vaccines would be considered anti-virals as well. ...Read more
Bronchiolitis: Bronchiolitis is wheezing, coughing and congestion in an infant or baby caused by a virus most commonly RSV (respiratory syncytial virus). There is no antibiotic for bronchiolitis. In the case of small infants hospitalization may be necessary. Cough medicines are not very helpful. If the infant's breathing is rapid or labored then they need to be seen by the doctor right away. ...Read more
Fatigue and dyspnea: Cardiomyopathy (aka heart muscle weakness) can lead to clinical heart failure symptoms: shortness of breath, fluid retention with leg and abdominal swelling, fatigue and lack of energy. Cardiomyopathy can be caused by coronary disease/ prior heart attacks, uncontrolled hypertension or diabetes, heavy alcohol use, prior chemotherapy or viral infections. ...Read more
Benign: Hemangiomas are collections of vascular tissue in an unexpected location, and of low vascular flow. They are benign (not cancer), and usually painless and asymptomatic. Therefore, they are generally not treated. They are particularly common in the liver, skin, and spine. Having said that, very large hemangiomas can bleed, fracture if in the spine, cause pain, or be disfiguring and may be treated. ...Read more
Depends: That depends on the cancer. There are 100's to thousands of types of cancer. Cancer features are very different depending on type, subtype, stage, prognostic factors, and individual manifestations. Even the same "types" of cancer can be molecularly different for each individual. ...Read more