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Doctor insights on: Bean Common Mosaic Virus

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What are common cold antibody found in patients with aquired cold hemolytic anemia?

What are common cold antibody found in patients with aquired cold hemolytic anemia?

IgM antibodies,,,: These are known as cold agglutinins because they agglutinate or act at colder temperatures than IgG or "warm" agglutinins. That is, they act or agglutinate at colder than body temperature or 28-31 deg Centigrade. This is mostly due to idiopathic or unknown cause, lymphoma type disease or infection. The result is hemolysis of the red cells and anemia with its symptoms. They're IgM antibodies. ...Read more

Virus (Definition)

A virus is a small infectious agent that can replicate only inside the living cells of an organism. Viruses can infect all types of organisms, from animals and plants ...Read more


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What is the origin of human t-lymphotrophic virus? Did it originate from primates (simian viruses?)?

What is the origin of human t-lymphotrophic virus?  Did it originate from primates (simian viruses?)?

Probably: The human t-lymphotropic virus type i is a human RNA retrovirus that is known to cause adult t-cell leukemia and lymphoma, and a demyelinating disease called htlv-i associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis. Htlv-i is one of a group of closely related primate t lymphotropic viruses. The ones that infect old-world primates are called simian t-lymphotropic viruses. ...Read more

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Is human T-lymphotropic virus 1associated with non-hodjkin lymphoma or not?

Is human T-lymphotropic virus 1associated with non-hodjkin lymphoma or not?

Sometimes...: The overwhelming majority of cases of adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma have evidence of HTLV-1 infection. Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma is also potentially linked to this virus. On the flip-side, only 1-5% of people with HTLV-1 will develop cancer. Hope this helps! ...Read more

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What's the most common chromosomal abnormality syndrome in humans?

What's the most common chromosomal abnormality syndrome in humans?

Down syndrome.: The most common chromosomal abnormality in a newborn population was trisomy 21 (down), with an incidence of 1 in 730 live births. Abnormalities of the sex chromosomes (eg, monosomy x or turner, xxy, xyy, xxx) and structural balanced rearrangements also occurred frequently. Trisomy 16 is the most common aneuploidy in abortuses. Trisomy 18 (edwards), and 13 (patau) are most common in stillborns. ...Read more

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Are small numbers of HIV virus trasmitted by breastfeeding (in the milk or in tiny nipple cracks)?

Are small numbers of HIV virus trasmitted by breastfeeding (in the milk or in tiny nipple cracks)?

Yes it is possible: If the mother is HIV positive it is possible for the HIV infection to pass through breastfeeding. In the usa it is not advised for an HIV mother to bf. In the 3rd world the answer is not so clear, as the child might well be more likely to die from malnutrition or contaminated formula than from the HIV in breastmilk. ...Read more

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What are some common genera of pathogenic bacteria that have no species found in the human body naturally? Borrelia? Brucella? Yersinia? Mycoplasma?

What are some common genera of pathogenic bacteria that have no species found in the human body naturally?  Borrelia? Brucella? Yersinia? Mycoplasma?

The Microbiome... : Great thought question. However, you are assuming we know all the community of species of bacteria in the body (aka. The microbiome). Recently, we have discovered thousands of genera in our body through molecular techniques (most don't even have a name yet). Though it's tempting to generalize, the question you pose can't be answered with any reliability with what we know today. ...Read more

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What is the most prevalent viral types of the human papillomavirus found in condyloma acuminate?

What is the most prevalent viral types of the human papillomavirus found in condyloma acuminate?

6 and 11: The most common serotypes that infect the genitalia and anal area include hpv-18, hpv-16, hpv-11 and hpv-6. However, the most common serotypes that are associated with genital warts are hpv-6 and hpv-11. http://www.bestgenitalwartstreatment.org/what-causes-genital-warts. ...Read more

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In 2007 fibroadenoma (5cm). in menopause since 2009, today found another one, same mammal (3 cm). Have I more risk of breath cancer than other people?

In 2007 fibroadenoma (5cm). in menopause since 2009, today found another one, same mammal (3 cm). Have I more risk of breath cancer than other people?

Slightly : Just monitor by self exam and perhaps imaging and get seen if anything else turns up. Having had a fibroadenoma does confer a slightly greater risk, but good self-care that you have given yourself more than overbalances this. ...Read more

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What are the most prevalent viral types of the human papillomavirus found in condyloma acuminate?

What are the most prevalent viral types of the human papillomavirus found in condyloma acuminate?

6, & 11: About 90% of genital warts are caused by 2 specific hpv types (6 and 11) and are the least likely to have cancer-causing potential. Genital warts may go away on their own in about 10-20% of people over a period of 3-4 months. There at a variety of therapies available to help remove and suppress them. They are quite contagious when present. ...Read more

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Hiv like virus is found in some species ?Are all species having some kind of hiv?

HIV: Retroviruses similar to HIV have been isolated from simians (monkeys, chimps, etc.) are called siv, and are the likely source of hiv. There are other retroviruses, and although could not cite specific examples, would be very surprised if they were not found in other animals. ...Read more

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In what viral group is human papilloma virus classified?

In what viral group is human papilloma virus classified?

HumanPapillomaVirus: Human papilloma viruses is the name of a large group of viruses. There are about 100 subtypes of human papilloma viruses; almost half can occasionally cause cancer. For example, the virus that causes ordinary skin warts (including plantar warts) is called hpv-1. Two others, hpv-16 and hpv-18, are responsible for a majority of cervical cancers and are components of both of the hpv vaccines. ...Read more

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What other infections in pregnant women cause small-headed babies, other than the Zika virus?

What other infections in pregnant women cause small-headed babies, other than the Zika virus?

Many infections: Rubella (German measles), toxoplasmosis, chicken pox, syphilis, cytomegalovirus, herpes, Parvovirus (fifth disease) usually cause mild disease in the mother but can be devastating to the developing fetus. ...Read more

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What type of viral cycle does the coxsackie virus have?

What type of viral cycle does the coxsackie virus have?

Enterovirus: Coxsackie b viruses are single-strand RNA viruses. Symptoms of infection with viruses in the coxsackie b grouping include fever, headache, sore throat, gastrointestinal distress, as well as chest and muscle pain.The virus is distributed via the fecal-oral route, and infection commonly occurs after eating contaminated food. Supportive care is the norm of treatment..No medications are effective. ...Read more

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What pecentage of the population are infected with the common cold?

What pecentage of the population are infected with the common cold?

Depends: During cold seasons (typically summer and winter), infection is very common. But in between cold outbreaks, infection is less prevalent. Cold viruses don't cause chronic infection, so it's not possible to give you a number. ...Read more

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