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Doctor insights on: Beak And Feather Disease Virus

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Virus (Definition)

A virus is a small infectious agent that can replicate only inside the living cells of an organism. Viruses can infect all types of organisms, from animals and plants ...Read more


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At what temperature does creutzfeldt-jakob disease virus in beef get killed when cooked?

At what temperature does creutzfeldt-jakob disease virus in beef get killed when cooked?

Not "killed": The agent of cjd (misfolded protein or prion) is not a virus as there is no dna or RNA in it. It is unfortunately extremely resistant to inactivation and there is no evidence that cooking eliminates risk, i.e., you cannot cook contaminated meat enough to make it safe. ...Read more

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Had strep. pneumoniae blood infection, treated. Got imported down feather pillows at same time. Is possible feathers transmitted germ/illness to me?

Had strep. pneumoniae blood infection, treated. Got imported down feather pillows at same time. Is possible feathers transmitted germ/illness to me?

No association: Strep pneumoniae is a normal bacteria in the environment and carried by healthy people. It isn't caught from pillows, clothing, food, etc. You either were carrying it before you got sick or picked it up from almost anyone you have been around. For sure not from your imported pillows. Hope you've recovered well. Best wishes. ...Read more

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My granddaughter has hand foot and mouth disease. Can adults catch the disease if the immune system is comprised?

My granddaughter has hand foot and mouth disease. Can adults catch the disease if the immune system is comprised?

YES: Hand foot and mouth disease is a viral illness not to be confused with the cattle illness hoof and mouth. It is contagious and an adult can get it if he or she has not had a previous infection with the virus or if immunosuppressed. It is a self limited illness that only on very rare occasions can cause serious complications . ...Read more

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Creutzfeldt jakob disease? Where's the virus from? Where does it hide?

Creutzfeldt jakob disease?  Where's the virus from?  Where does it hide?

Not a virus: Cjd is not a virus (i.e., no dna or rna). It is called a prion and is thought to be from misfolding of naturally occurring prion protein. We think most prion disease occurs spontaneously although we don't know why. Some is genetic, and rarely it is transmitted from affected people who donate organs or from animals, e.g., mad cow disease. Unknown if environmental sources commonly affect humans. ...Read more

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Can seagulls become infected with rabies and pass the virus to humans through a bite or scratch?

Can seagulls become infected with rabies and pass the virus to humans through a bite or scratch?

Rabid seagull?: It is VERY unlikely that you could get rabies from a bird. Firstly, most small animals and rodents who are bitten by a rabid predator are usually killed. Secondly, transmission from a small animal with rabies would be via the saliva (seagulls can't really bite). Bats (although technically not a bird) on the other hand, can transmit rabies virus to humans. ...Read more

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Can creutzfeldt jakob disease be transmitted through saliva? Do spouses catch it?

Can creutzfeldt jakob disease be transmitted through saliva?  Do spouses catch it?

No: Cjd also known as mad cow disease is considered a prion disease. Prions are a type of infectious protein. Also, cjd has a very long incubation period (50 years) so it is difficult to study. It is believed that it is spread through ingestion of infected protein mainly beef organs. So far studies suggest that it is not transmitted via blood or saliva. ...Read more

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Hi,I would to know does Epstein barr virus causes blisters on the throat of the skin.is the disease transmitted by blood.

Hi,I would to know does Epstein barr virus causes blisters on the throat of the skin.is the disease transmitted by blood.

Mono: Infectious mononucleosis (IM) is the best known acute clinical manifestation of EBV. IM often begins with malaise, headache, and low-grade fever before development of the more specific signs of tonsillitis and/or pharyngitis, cervical lymph node enlargement and tenderness, and moderate to high fever. ...Read more

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How long does Bactria and viruses like salmonella typhi, hep A, hep B , herpes etc. can survive on surfaces like mattresses, blankets, clothes etc.

How long does Bactria and viruses like salmonella typhi, hep A, hep B , herpes etc. can survive on surfaces like mattresses, blankets, clothes etc.

Varies: Streptococcus pneumonia and strep pyogenes can survive on surfaces such a books, toys cribs for months. Studies show that antibiotic resistant bacteria can survive on hospital fabrics for upto 90days (synthetic fabrics) . Viruses such as adenovirus, herpes virus and polio virus can survive on hard surfaces for upto 8 weeks. Vaccinia and cocackie virus can survive for upto 2 weeks. ...Read more

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Is west nile only via mosquito bites, or can you catch it from cleaning up dead birds in your yard or on the street?

Is west nile only via mosquito bites, or can you catch it from cleaning up dead birds in your yard or on the street?

Needs a vector: West nile requires a vector (or transmitter). In this case, a mosquito. I am not aware of any evidence suggesting it can be acquired by other means. However, it is wise to use gloves and wash your hands thoroughly when handling any dead animals. ...Read more

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If someone has norovirus and pets/cuddles with a dog, is there a chance the virus germs can stay on the dogs fur and be contagious if I pet the dog?

If someone has norovirus and pets/cuddles with a dog, is there a chance the virus germs can stay on the dogs fur and be contagious if I pet the dog?

Dog fomites-unlikely: This is what is called a 'fomite' which probably means nothing to you, but the dog is an object which could harbor and then transmit these germs -IN THEORY. Mostly, norovirus attacks cruise ships, where someone who's had diarrhea, opens a door, and the door knob gets these viruses on it. That person who held the dog hopefully cleaned up after a diarrheal BM and didn't contaminate it. Wash the dog! ...Read more

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Does everyone shows symptoms of fifth disease, if they are infected with the b19 human parvovirus?

Does everyone shows symptoms of fifth disease, if they are infected with the b19 human parvovirus?

Yes mild form: Erythema infectiosum , caused by human paravirus 19 ( animal paravirus 19 will not infect humans ), erythematious rash, on face looks like ' slapped cheek' face , mostly self limiting contagious disease. It is called fifth diseases , as it the 5th viral disease rash etc ( other 4 are measels, scarlet fever , rubella, chicken pox ). ...Read more

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Are diseases like HIV and hepatitis spread only by carriers of the disease?

Are diseases like HIV and hepatitis spread only by carriers of the disease?

Basically Yes: Hiv & hepatitis c are transmitted by contact with an infected persons blood. No blood = no transmission. However, if you handle an item that has their blood on it, then you are at risk. ...Read more

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Is sickle-cell anemia and malaria a virus or a bacteria spread disease?

Is sickle-cell anemia and malaria a virus or a bacteria spread disease?

Agree with Dr Diede: Sickle-cell trait & disease is an autosomal recessive inheritance from parents (genetics). Malaria is a parasitic infection. In a person who has sickle-cell trait – the red blood cells are destroyed prematurely before the Plamodium can reproduce. According to one study “Sickle cell trait provides 60% protection against overall mortality. Most of this protection occurs between 2-16 months of life." ...Read more

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What bacteria and viruses are in mad cow disease?

Neither: Mad cow disease is more correctly known as bovine spongiform encephalopathy (bse). It is believed that the infectious agent in bse is a prion. Prions are proteins, neither viruses nor bacteria. ...Read more

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Did hepatitis b infect another person through mouth kissing, ?If the other is a chronic carrier ..Im confused as IG mucous contains this virus or not

Did hepatitis b infect another person through mouth kissing, ?If the other is a chronic carrier ..Im confused as IG mucous contains this virus or not

Unclear: Hep b is not by oral/fecal route transmission like hep a. The virus is present in the saliva but whether it can be transmitted by ingestion is unclear. It can be transmitted if there are open areas or sores in the mouth while deep kissing, like in those with braces. ...Read more

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What disease or virus can inhalation of respiratory secretions transmit?

What disease or virus can inhalation of respiratory secretions transmit?

Many respiratory inf: Many of the upper airway viral infections such as influenza viruses and common cold viruses(rhino viruses).... Most importantly TB and some of the pneumonia causing bacterial infections can be transmitted thru the respiratory secretions. ...Read more

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Silly question- can down feathers in pillows carry germs/diseases that can live/transmit to humans such as streptococcus pneumoniae?

Silly question- can down feathers in pillows carry germs/diseases that can live/transmit to humans such as streptococcus pneumoniae?

The filling for: pillows (even down or feathers) goes through a sterilization process before being sold. If you are referring to a used pillow that someone else had been using, it would be potentially possible to transmit infection however in the absence of moisture it is unlikely that bacteria like strep pneumoniae would survive long enough to be transmitted. ...Read more

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Can there be a virus or disease that only affects human beings?

Measels (rubeola).: Measels is a viral infection that is thought to infect humans only. Measles is spread through respiration (contact with fluids from an infected person's nose and mouth, either directly or through aerosol transmission), and is highly contagious. Measels can be prevented by childhood vaccination against the virus. ...Read more

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What disease is caused by the smallpox virus?

What disease is caused by the smallpox virus?

Smallpox: There were 2 clinical types of smallpox. Variola minor was less severe than Variola Major. Smallpox from Variola Minor had a death rate of 1% or less. 90% or > unvaccinated smallpox cases fell under the category of “ordinary Smallpox”. The overall fatality rate for Smallpox was 30%. Malignant (AKA flat) Smallpox made up 5 to 10% of cases, was usually fatal & mostly effected children. > ...Read more

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How could viruses be used to cure some genetic diseases?

How could viruses be used to cure some genetic diseases?

Gene therapy: For some genetic diseases, it may be possible to either alter or provide a normal copy of the gene. We do not have the appropriate technology to transfer genes but in nature, viruses do that as part of their lifecycle. In many cases viruses infect cells and inject their genes into the cell. Researchers use this for gene therapy where viruses are geneticly engineered to transmit a normal gene. ...Read more

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Hashimotos disease. Is there a virus that triggers / causes it?

Hashimotos disease. Is there a virus that triggers / causes it?

We do not know: People inherit the ability to make antibodies against their thyroid. Whether virus or bacteria or stress brings out this epigenetic possibility is speculation. ...Read more

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Please describe the most serious, fatal, and rare virus/disease?

Please describe the most serious, fatal, and rare virus/disease?

Dangerous Viruses: Are you referring to most virulent virus, fatal rate without or with treatment or most deaths historically? Dangerous viruses include: Marburg Virus, Ebola Zaire, Hantavirus, H5N1 (Avian Flu), Junin Virus (Argentine Hemorrhagic Fever), Lassa Fever, Crimea – Congo Fever,Machupo virus (Bolivian hemorrhagic fever), Kyasanur Forest Virus (KFD), Rabies, Smallpox & Dengue fever. ...Read more

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I need a lot of info on torch virus. Like what diseases does it cause?

I need a lot of info on torch virus. Like what diseases does it cause?

TO.R.C.H infections: Torch is a word composed of the first letters of several infections that can be passed to a fetus during pregnancy. Toxoplasmosis is acquired from uncooked meat or prolonged exposure to spores in kitty litter.Rubella (german measles).Cytomegalovirus( if acquired during pregnancy through community spread) and herpes simplex virus ( type i or ii). All can produce serious problems. ...Read more

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I have west nile virus, have I transmit the disease directly to my family members?

No: Humans are "dead-end hosts" that means you can only transmit wnv to others through blood transfusions and organ donations. ...Read more

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What medical diseases can cause hypertension? Are there any medical diseases or viruses that can cause hypertension? .

What medical diseases can cause hypertension? Are there any medical diseases or viruses that can cause hypertension?

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Many: Renal atey stenosis, co-arctation of the aorta, adrenal adenoma, just to name a few . All pts should be screened when they present with a new DX of HTN to see if they have a secondary source of the high BP that be treated. ...Read more

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How common is it for mosquitos to transmit diseases such as west nile virus? I'm considering taking a vacation in central america during the summer, and i was wondering whether getting sick while traveling is a very real possibility that I have to worry a

How common is it for mosquitos to transmit diseases such as west nile virus? I'm considering taking a vacation in central america during the summer, and i was wondering whether getting sick while traveling is a very real possibility that I have to worry a

A : A person's risk of contracting west nile is very low, and less than 1% of those infected develop serious illness from the virus. The most high risk population for developing a serious ilness from west nile virus are elderly and those who are immunosupressed. It is important for everyone to protect themselves from mosquito bites to minimize the risk of infection. Use a mosquito repellent during your trip. ...Read more

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What is Ebola virus disease?

What is Ebola virus disease?

Ebola virus: A recently discovered viral illness from West Africa. Early symptoms 2-21 days after infection-sudden onset of fever, weakness, muscle pain, headaches and sore throat. Some patientsdevelop rash, red eyes, hiccups, chest pains and difficulty breathing and swallowing. It may progress to vomiting, diarrhea, impaired kidney and liver function and sometimes internal and external hemorrhaging & death. ...Read more

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Han viruses be used to cure genetic disease?

Han viruses be used to cure genetic disease?

Engineering: Viruses can be modified so as not to cause disease. Genes can be inserted in the viruses and the modified virus used as a cargo ship to deliver a specific gene to a cell to cure genetic diseases. This is the principle of gene therapy. ...Read more

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Please answer! what virus causes alzheimer's disease?

Not a virus: Ad is caused by an abnormal accumulation of a protein in the brain called beta amyloid. It is not known what starts the disease or how to prevent progression. There are drugs available to slow progression but no cure as of yet. ...Read more

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Which disease is caused by virus in the summer?

Many: Lots of viruses such as epstein-barr virus are not seasonal so occur all year round but certain viruses occur much more commonly during the summer months including the enteroviruses such as coxsackie virus and the mosquito-borne viruses such as west nile, california encephalitis and dengue viruses. ...Read more

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Are disease causing viruses more active in the heat?

Are disease causing viruses more active in the heat?

Not necessarily: Viruses aren't really more or less active based on the temperature. However, being overly tired from working in the heat can affect your immune system and make you more susceptible to getting sick from a virus. That's one reason why it's important to stay well-hydrated and well-rested when working in the heat. ...Read more

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Can there be a possibility, that the baby can be born, without catching the virus or disease?

It depends: Depending on the illness you are asking about, many babies will be born disease free even if the mother is currently infected. Breastfeeding can also protect babies from viruses via passive antibody protection through the milk. This question really depends on what illness is present. ...Read more