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Doctor insights on: Bcg Vacuna

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What does BCG in "bcg vaccine" stand for?

What does BCG in "bcg vaccine" stand for?

Bcg: bcg stands for Bacillus Calmette–Guérin... Calmette and Guérin are the last names for whom the vaccine is named. ...Read more

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In brazil the government panflets say BCG protects against leprosy. Is this true?

In brazil the government panflets say BCG protects against leprosy.  Is this true?

1st BCG vaccination: Please see this article: http://www.Ncbi.Nlm.Nih.Gov/pmc/articles/pmc2238709/. Bcg has been shown clinically to impart protection against leprosy however the case for re-vaccination may not be so strong. ...Read more

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Can a kod who has taken BCG vaccine get TB from another TB patient?

Can a kod who has taken BCG vaccine get TB from another TB patient?

Tab exposure: Even though you've had bcg and if you had an overwhelming exposure you may get tab. This is especially true if you friend has cavitarytb. ...Read more

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Aftr BCG vaccine, why appearance of blister is normal?Is it caused by BCG antigen?

Aftr BCG vaccine, why appearance of blister is normal?Is it caused by BCG antigen?

BCG: Bcg is an intradermal injection at the deltoid. If bcg is accidentally given subcutaneously, then a local abscess may form that can ulcerate, and may require treatment with antibiotics. Without treatment it could spread, causing damage to other areas. If pus is aspirated and analysed and treated correctly, the abscess will generally heal on its own in a matter of weeks. ...Read more

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If u developed guillain-barre syndrome (gbs) after tdap vaccine, which autoantibodies r commonly found in vaccine-induced gbs? Only ganglioside ab's?

If u developed guillain-barre syndrome (gbs) after tdap vaccine, which autoantibodies r commonly found in vaccine-induced gbs?  Only ganglioside ab's?

Controversial: There is only anecdotal evidence that vaccines of any type are related to guillain-barre, and formal large studies have shown that no such relationship can be proven. Of course, many web sites, and blog sites continue to espouse multiple causes and effects which have been proven bogus in the past. Real causes include influenza a, campylobacter jejuni, and ebstein-barr virus infections. ...Read more

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Can obstructive aqueduct hydrocephalus after TB meningitis be cured with medicines? Lateral & third ventricles are dilated wid chronic locuna infarcts

Can obstructive aqueduct hydrocephalus after TB meningitis be cured with medicines? Lateral & third ventricles are dilated wid chronic locuna infarcts

TB meningitis: This devastating disease can produce brain infarctions by involvement of penetrating blood vessels and that is common in this illness. It also produces a basilar arachnoiditis which often results in obstructive hydrocephaly and this usually requires CSF shunting, commonly a ventriculoperitoneal shunt. See a neurosurgeon. Good luck. ...Read more

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How the MMR vaccine prevent disease?

How the MMR vaccine prevent disease?

By making Antibodies: When M,MR injected it makes protective IGG Anibodies which are protctive against these diseases When and if you get exposed to these disease viruses the antibodies are responsible for protecting you ...Read more

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Prevnar (pneumococcal vaccine) 13 vaccine has diphtheria proteins in it. Does Prevnar (pneumococcal vaccine) 13 vaccine protect against pneumococcus and diphtheria? Thank-you!

Prevnar (pneumococcal vaccine) 13 vaccine has diphtheria proteins in it.  Does Prevnar (pneumococcal vaccine) 13 vaccine protect against pneumococcus and diphtheria?  Thank-you!

No: The diphtheria proteins used for PCV-13 (Prevnar) are not antigenic for diphtheria. That means they are not recognized by the body to produce an immune response. They just help carry the pneumococcal proteins into the appropriate cells to create the immune response for the pneumococcal bacteria. ...Read more

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How do clinicians distinguish between someone with unknown BCG vaccination vs latent TB?

How do clinicians distinguish between someone with unknown BCG vaccination vs latent TB?

We do not: Unless clear lesions on chest X-Ray or active symptoms: cough, fever, weight loss, we cannot distinguish. The recommendation for treatment is made mostly to prevent transmission of possible latent TB in the community. ...Read more

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Chronic lacunar infarcts in right thalamus & left basal ganglia after TB meningitis. She's 22 and now on TB meds. Can she become independent again?

Chronic lacunar infarcts in right thalamus & left basal ganglia after TB meningitis. She's 22 and now on TB meds. Can she become independent again?

Lacunar infarcts: If they really are lacunar infarcts, chances are if she is fully treated and recovered, she will improve enough with physical therapy to be strong enough to take care of herself. You just have to have faith and help her along. She needs all the help and you can provide it. ...Read more

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Extra pulmonary tuberculosis Mediastinal lymphadenopathy Att in used hepatitis ?

Extra pulmonary tuberculosis 
Mediastinal  lymphadenopathy 
Att in used hepatitis 
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TB: hi, I have hard time understanding the question, if you mean that TB could affect live and causes hepatitis, the answer is yes, please re-ask the question if you need something else to know, ...Read more

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Hubby small avm ruptured-caused diplopia. 3 neurosurgeons haven't linked infant spinal meningitis & plan radiosurgery . Should spinal tap been given?

Hubby small avm ruptured-caused diplopia. 3 neurosurgeons haven't linked infant spinal meningitis & plan radiosurgery . Should spinal tap been given?

No: a spinal tap may worsen the situation due to change in pressure gradient (usually there is some swelling with leaking avm's as free blood is an irritant) Gamma knife surgery makes sense. ...Read more

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Hav carcinoma endometrium wit liver lung lymph bone secondries.now devlpd TB granuloma in brain.is TB brain is fatal.wht will happen next.scared?

Hav carcinoma endometrium wit liver lung lymph bone secondries.now devlpd TB granuloma in brain.is TB brain is fatal.wht will happen next.scared?

Consequent to TXs: TB is opportunistic in the sense that it strikes in people usually immuno compromised or suppressed. Depending upon the types of treatments you've been given for your cancers the immune system may have been weakened thus allowing the tuberculosis to get in. Your doctors are likely to speak to you about treating the TB. If you'd like to ask more send questions to www.healthtap.com/drsaghafi ...Read more

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Shingles vaccine needed in suppressed immune systems?

Shingles vaccine needed in suppressed immune systems?

Contraindicated: Shingles vaccine (zostavax) is a live attenuated vaccine that contains a pretty good dose of weakened chicken pox virus. It is not recommended in people who are immunosuppressed due to risk of infection arising from the vaccine. ...Read more

Dr. Alvin Lin Dr. Lin
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24 yrs smoking.Ct found 11x10 lobular density containing punctate calcification.Posterior lumbar subcutaneous edema.Basilar atelectatic cyst.worry?

Dr. Alvin Lin Dr. Lin
1 doctor agreed:
24 yrs smoking.Ct found 11x10 lobular density containing punctate calcification.Posterior lumbar subcutaneous edema.Basilar atelectatic cyst.worry?

Yes . . .: Wow, smoking since 11yo? Bottom line, if screening CT scan finds something abnormal, you need to chat w/ordering physician to discuss your options regarding next step eg how to figure out what's going on. Sometimes the radiologist will suggest repeating a scan in a specific period of time if it's small & indeterminate. But this again is something best discussed w/ordering physician. Best wishes! ...Read more