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Doctor insights on: Basal Ganglia Is An Important Structure In Maintaining Nicotine Dependence

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What is the role of exercise in maintaining bone health?

What is the role of exercise in maintaining bone health?

Improves bone mass: Regular weight bearing exercise such as jumping, running, aerobics helps strengthen bones which protects against osteoporosis. Weight training can help as well you are in a negative bone loss after 30, so exercise helps, taking vitamin d, eating calcium rich foods such as dark greens, broccoli, almonds and dairy can help, decreasing caffeine also helps maintain bone mass. ...Read more

Basal Ganglia (Definition)

This is the term for several areas of the brain that work together as a functional unit: the striatum (caudate and putamen), the globus pallidus, the substantia nigra, and the subthalamic nucleus. The most well known function of the basal ganglia is voluntary motor control, but it is also involved in development of routine behaviors; eye movements; and ...Read more


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Calcium is important in the neuronal process of learning. Then are consuming calcium and learning better/faster/more easily directly related?

Calcium is important in the neuronal process of learning. Then are consuming calcium and learning better/faster/more easily directly related?

Not exactly that way: The body has plenty of calcium and so keeps the blood level of calcium normal so that brain and nerve functions stay normal. The calcium comes out from the bones, if needed. All a person has to do is eat or drink plenty of calcium, and get a good amount of vitamin d. The bones will store up the calcium for whenever the body needs some. ...Read more

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What is the most important part of an exercise program?

What is the most important part of an exercise program?

Enjoy your exercise: It does not have to be trendy! good old walking is simple and inexpensive. Be as brisk as you can for 30 to 45 minutes. Any other aerobic activity you enjoy such as biking, dancing, swimming, climbing are also good. Also toning and building your muscle with lighter weights (so that you can comfortably do more reps) increases your metabolism, helps weight loss and is heart healthy. ...Read more

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What is the most important factor in staying healthy through the years? Diet or exercise?

What is the most important factor in staying healthy through the years? Diet or exercise?

Both!: That said, i favor exercise to maintain health. Regular exercise has many health benefits that are independent of weight. Meaning it is better to be overweight and fit, than normal weight but out of shape. I always push exercise first. Once that is a part of the regular schedule, work on healthy eating habits. Diet should include healthy foods and be in moderation. Hope that helps! ...Read more

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Is there a legal alternative to steroids in the pursuit of extra muscle growth? . (i also already understand the importance of a healthy diet)

Is there a legal alternative to steroids in the pursuit of extra muscle growth? . (i also already understand the importance of a healthy diet)

Body Building: Please know that steroids will cause you significant disease, earlier death, complications such as joint disease, diabetes, liver damage, shrunken testicles and penis. I know of no good or healthy outcomes in men who take Anabolic steroids for body building. ...Read more

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Is nicotine and cotonine present in the system of someone that is surrounded my secondhand smoke? and is it enough to register on a cotonine test?

Is nicotine and cotonine present in the system of someone that is surrounded my secondhand smoke? and is it enough to register on a cotonine test?

Yes: There have been studies looking at urine cotinine levels in children exposed to second hand smoke which clearly show it is in their system. Stay away from first or second hand smoke! ...Read more

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What level of nicotine begins to create or aggrevate ventricular arrhythmias, and otherwise block up potassium channels? I'm assuming the amount in tomatoes is not enough, but what is the level? Nicotine helped sleep apnea and orthostatic intol.

What level of nicotine begins to create or aggrevate ventricular arrhythmias, and otherwise block up potassium channels?  I'm assuming the amount in tomatoes is not enough, but what is the level?  Nicotine helped sleep apnea and orthostatic intol.

Recommend specialist: Sounds like u trying to quit/ lower smoking but concern about arrhytmia and use of nicotine " off label" for sleep apnea relieve. You deal with complex medical conditions. Nicotine is a stimulant and hard to say which dose is " safe". Recommend to see cardiologist or " drug rehab" specialit for further assistance.,Also check with pulmonalogist for sleep apnea treatment. ...Read more

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In de novo epilepsy (age 67) MRI shows signs of slightly poor brain circulation. Is medication for circulation advised? The patient is now on TEGRETOL

In de novo epilepsy (age 67) MRI shows signs of slightly poor brain circulation. Is medication for circulation advised? The patient is now on TEGRETOL

Brain circulaton-sz: Why poor circulation ? ischemia (from clogged vessels)? hypoplastic vessels ( born with small vessels? carotids? Did MRI show stroke? Do they have a fib? was the seizure due to stroke/ TIA ( rare)? has the doctor discussed aspirin 81 mg or plavix (clopidogrel) or plental or fish oil ( blood thinners so may cause bleeding) ? f/u and discuss w/neurology http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11286042 ...Read more

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What is the role of neurohumors in maintaining health and preventing disease?

What is the role of neurohumors in maintaining health and preventing disease?

Hormones in general: Are like yin and yang. They can energize or calm us. That's why then need to stay balanced. This translates into mood, hyper or sluggish would be extremes. When mood is balanced we think better and can concentrate better, thus we become motivated to do things and make decisions. Therefore, hormones impact everything in life. Peace and good health. ...Read more

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If a complex thyroid nod. is peripherally vascular as opposed to central vasc, is there less chance of cancer?

If a complex thyroid nod. is peripherally vascular as opposed to central vasc, is there less chance of cancer?

Thyroid nodule: Please stop worrying about "peripheral" and/or "central" vascular. You must first see an Endocrinologist to determine the thyroid issue. If surgical treatment is needed you will be told and referred to an surgeon. All should go well. Please keep me posted. ...Read more

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Which plays the biggest part in the smoking addiction, the mind or the body?

Which plays the biggest part in the smoking addiction, the mind or the body?

Both play a part.: Nicotine is definitely physiologicaly addicting. Smokers experience withdrawal symptoms and cravings as nicotine is eliminated from the body. Smokers also have very strong habits that involve hands, mouth, breathing, etc. At certain times and in response to certain triggers. Effective programs to stop smoking address the psychological as well as the physiological aspects of this addiction. ...Read more

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What's the biggest contributing factor mentally as an illness that often enables drug addiction?

What's the biggest contributing factor mentally as an illness that often enables drug addiction?

Many factors: When it comes to drug use, the causes are likely multifactorial. Being genetically predisposed, being raised by addicted parents, learning to use substances to cope, not learning to cope with feelings. Etc, etc. The important thing is really not what caused the problem, but getting help to fix it. ...Read more

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Nicotine (Definition)

Nicotine is a stimulant drug found in cigarettes and is the ...Read more