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Doctor insights on: Basal Ganglia Is An Important Structure In Maintaining Nicotine Dependence

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Is a small (3mm) hyperintensity in the basal ganglia significant or not. Also what are the causes?

Is a small (3mm) hyperintensity in the basal ganglia significant or not. Also what are the causes?

MRI brain: It is likely not significant however the results of your MRI study should be discussed with a neurologist to put into context what the 3 mm spot means relative to the entire MRI study and your medical problems. The causes of the bright spots on MRI studies (T2) of the brain are many and range from aging, migraines, mini-strokes, bleeding, atherosclerosis, multiple sclerosis, and metastatic tumors. ...Read more

Basal Ganglia (Definition)

This is the term for several areas of the brain that work together as a functional unit: the striatum (caudate and putamen), the globus pallidus, the substantia nigra, and the subthalamic nucleus. The most well known function of the basal ganglia is voluntary motor control, but it is also involved in development of routine behaviors; eye movements; and ...Read more


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Is it possible for cysts in the basal ganglia to cause any outward symptoms? If so, what would these include?

Is it possible for cysts in the basal ganglia to cause any outward symptoms?  If so, what would these include?

Usually asymptomatic: See a neurologist to establish if your symptoms ( undescribed by you) are related to "CYST IN BASAL GANGLION" ...Read more

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Neuroanatomy-basal ganglia and internal capsule, what are these?

Neuroanatomy-basal ganglia and internal capsule, what are these?

Basal Ganglia: Basal ganglia are group of structures linked to the Thalamus in the base of the brain, involved in coordination of movements. They consist of Caudate nucleus, Putamen & Globus pallidus. Internal capsule is White matter in the inferomedial part of each cerebral hemisphere, which carries information past the Basal Ganglia, carrying information from Cerebral cortex to Brainstem & Spinal cord. ...Read more

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Hi doctors, was just wondering what is a lacunar infarcat left basal ganglia?

Hi doctors, was just wondering what is a lacunar infarcat left basal ganglia?

Small Stroke.: Those findings are small strokes of specific areas of the brain that are subcortical or below the cortex. Two of the three mechanisms for those strokes are related to a chronic vascular disease associated with hypertension. Other likely risk factors include diabetes mellitus and possibly smoking. Symptoms will depend on what was affected. See your Neurologist or PCP. Not a 'classic stroke'. ...Read more

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Could you link me to a book or two about the basal ganglia or OCD i the basal ganglia?

Here's a link: http://www.ehow.com/facts_5875596_basal-ganglia-ocd.html. I hope this is helpful, sorry for the delay. ...Read more

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What should ot evaluation cover in someone with basal ganglia stroke?

What should ot evaluation cover in someone with basal ganglia stroke?

OT evaluation: Ot evaluation should cover areas involving fine motor controls such as holding and using your toothbrush, eating utensils, a pen, etc. Furthermore, if the stroke left any sensory problems such as unusual tactile sensations, intolerance of tastes, textures, sensation, sound - basically anything sensory - these should be evaluated by the ot as well. Best of luck to you. ...Read more

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What regions of the basal ganglia might, if inhibited, result in alleviation of Parkinson's disease symptoms?

What regions of the basal ganglia might, if inhibited, result in alleviation of Parkinson's disease symptoms?

DBS: The technique of deep brain stimulation, inserting electrodes into areas of the basal ganglia and sub thalamic nucleus can substantially assist Parkinson's patients who still respond to L-DOPA ...Read more

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What does a small lacunar infarct in the right basal ganglia mean?

What does a small lacunar infarct in the right basal ganglia mean?

Small infarcts: Lacunar infarcts occur as a result of localized decreased blood flow resulting in localized cell death. This occurs in the more central penetrating vessels of the brain affecting the brains deep structures such as the putamen (part of the basal ganglia), thalamus, caudate pons and internal capsule. ...Read more

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Can you tell me what is tiny lacunar infarct of left basal ganglia?

Can you tell me what is tiny lacunar infarct of left basal ganglia?

Small Stroke.: Those findings are small strokes of specific areas of the brain that are subcortical or below the cortex. Two of the three mechanisms for those strokes are related to a chronic vascular disease associated with hypertension. Other likely risk factors include diabetes mellitus and possibly smoking. Symptoms will depend on what was affected. See your Neurologist or PCP. Not a 'classic stroke'. ...Read more

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Trying to fall asleep but being jolted awake before sleep.Problems in basal ganglia?

Trying to fall asleep but being jolted awake before sleep.Problems in basal ganglia?

Sleep: There may be an underlying component of anxiousness that is affecting sleep onset and preventing you from relaxing into deeper sleep. If it's a jolting sensation, these may be hypnic jerks. A sleep study and visit to a sleep specialist can help. ...Read more

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Who are the top most experienced neurosurgeons in switzerland operating low grade glioma inferior to the basal ganglia inferolateral to the putamen

Who are the top most experienced neurosurgeons in switzerland operating low grade glioma inferior to the basal ganglia inferolateral to the putamen

Not sure: As physicians in the states, it is difficult to know who are the topmost neurosurgeons in other countries. Generally, one's own country's physician should know. Suggest beginning by asking your family physician in switzerland who he/she would recommend. Here in the states, ucsf, john hopkins, mayo, are among some of the reputable centers for neurosurgery. ...Read more

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Is a pineal cyst in close proximity to the basal ganglia, could it affect the functioning of the basal ganglia?

Is a pineal cyst in close proximity to the basal ganglia, could it affect the functioning of the basal ganglia?

No: No it is not close to the basal ganglia and would not affect the functioning of the basal ganglia unless it's a very large mass. ...Read more

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Has anyone studied basal ganglia volume in asperger's syndrome?

Has anyone studied basal ganglia volume in asperger's syndrome?

Yes: There are several studies suggesting increased volume of some parts of the basal ganglia are associated with increased likelihood of engaging in repetitive movements. Nothing that really offers insight into autism itself, however. ...Read more

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What are the resulting symptoms of a lacune of the right basal ganglia?

It depends: on the size and exact location. Sometimes there may be no discernible residual symptoms. ...Read more

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How can you differentiate cerebellar dysfunctions from basal ganglia dysfuntions?

How can you differentiate cerebellar dysfunctions from basal ganglia dysfuntions?

Yes: Somewhat easy for a trained neurologist, as different types of tremors, muscle tone, coordination, gait and balance, and our imaging studies, such as MRI and PET scans can separate out the location of the problems. ...Read more

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What is basal ganglia calcification?

What is basal ganglia calcification?

BG Calcification : The basal ganglia are a part of the brain. It is common for calcifications to develop in these regions as we get older without clinical significance. In children this would be more worrisome. ...Read more

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What two regions of the basal ganglia could, if inhibited, alleviate Parkinson's disease symptoms?

R U taking a test?: Basal ganglia physiology is incredibly complex & knowledge is always changing. Practically speaking, you stimulate rather than inhibit. See the Medtronic website for pretty pictures and also see http://archneur.jamanetwork.com/Mobile/article.aspx?articleid=793103. ...Read more

Nicotine (Definition)

Nicotine is a stimulant drug found in cigarettes and is the ...Read more