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Doctor insights on: Bacterial Spinal Meningitis

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What distinguishes bacterial meningitis from viral meningitis?

What distinguishes bacterial meningitis from viral meningitis?

Testing: During the primary workup for the presenting illness the fluid from the spinal tap is sent for various tests. These will determine in most cases the type of meningitis. ...Read more

Dr. Kevin Daus
96 doctors shared insights

Spinal Meningitis (Definition)

Photophobia is eye discomfort in bright light. The discomfort of light sensitivity can be reduced by avoiding sunlight, closing the eyes, wearing dark glasses, or darkening the room. However, the cause for the light sensitivity should be determined, since proper treatment may cure the problem. Seek urgent medical attention if pain is moderate to ...Read more


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Can a spinal tap or bacterial meningitis cause lumbar radiculopathy ?

EXTREMELY RARE: Spinal tap is relatively complication-free other than occasional post LP headache, readily reversible with a blood patch. Bacterial meningitis a life-threatening infection and does require emergency treatment, but usually is also reversable, and does not typically involve complications with nerve roots. However, if medication is administered intrathecally, arachnoiditis possible, may cause rad. ...Read more

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Is spinal meningitis fatal?

Is spinal meningitis fatal?

Meningitis: Untreated there will be a very high mortality rate, but if treated, many patients will survive, but the mortality rate will depend upon the causative organism, the rapidity with which therapy is initiated, and the underlying age and health status of the person infected. ...Read more

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Can mastoiditis lead to spinal meningitis?

Can mastoiditis lead to spinal meningitis?

Yes: It's very rare, but infection in the mastoid can lead to infection of the brain covering or meningitis. True mastoiditis is exceedingly rare and often ct scans and MRI scans which show inflammation in the mastoids are incorrectly interpreted as "mastoiditis.". ...Read more

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Why is bacterial meningitis worse than viral meningitis?

Why is bacterial meningitis worse than viral meningitis?

Bacteria more: Destructive. This is a difference in the biology of the pathogenicity of bacteria vs. Viruses. Bacteria induce stronger inflammatory response, release more toxins, enzymes etc. ...Read more

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Why is bacterial meningitis worse than viral meningitis?

Why is bacterial meningitis worse than viral meningitis?

Many reasons: Bacterial menningitis usually results in pus in the meninges which causes damage it also affects the blood vessels which can cause strokes. ...Read more

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Is viral meningitis infectious?

Is viral meningitis infectious?

Very variable: There is a very large number of viruses that can cause meningitis, most are not infectious. See this site for more info. http://www.cdc.gov/meningitis/viral.html. ...Read more

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Is bacterial meningitis contagious?

Is bacterial meningitis contagious?

Some types: Meningococcal meningitis can be highly contagious, especially in close quarters, e.g. College dorms, military recruits. Vaccinations recommended, before exposure, contacts get prophylactic antibiotic rx. Others may or not be, depending on the type and how the meningitis was contracted. ...Read more

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Is bacterial meningitis curable?

Antibiotics: Antibiotics are available for treatment. The earlier treatment is started, the greater the possibility of cure without long term consequences. However, f treatment is delayed, the likelihood of significant neurologic damage increases. Death may occur if antibiotic treatment is delayed. Some bacteria are so virulent that they may cause death shortly after infection begins. ...Read more

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Is aseptic meningitis contagious?

Maybe,maybe not: Aseptic meningitis is a term usually applied to that process triggered during an infection with a variety of viruses. The dominant group usually causes intestinal issues like cramps or diarrhea, with a fraction of the patients developing meningitis. The germ may pass to someone not immune, but may or may not cause meningitis. ...Read more

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What causes viral meningitis infection?

What causes viral meningitis infection?

Dozens of things: Influenza, parainfluenza, adenovirus, enterovirus, poliovirus, western equine encephalitis, eastern equin encehaplitis virus, st. Louis encephalitis virus, west nile virus, measles virus and varicella zoster virus just to name a few. ...Read more

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Can bacterial meningitis be contagious?

Can bacterial meningitis be contagious?

Yes: Bacterial meningitis is contageous, the degree of which is relatively specific to the bacteria involved. A germ like meningococcus is easily passed in a brief exposure while tuberculusis is much harder to pass, requiring much longer exposure. ...Read more

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Is spinal meningitis very contagious?

No: Viral meningitis is an unusual complication of a mild viral illness. Meningococcal meningitis causes epidemics in boot camps and college dorms, but the other bacterial meningitis family members aren't catching. ...Read more

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What causes viral meningitis?

A number of viruses: Fairly common ones are enteroviruses, varicella, and mumps virus. ...Read more

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Splenomegaly with patient bacterial meningitis?

Certain splenic: Issues can put patients at risk for infections with encapsulated organisms including neisseria meningidities. Do you know anything else about the spleen problem? ...Read more

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How is bacterial meningitis transmitted?

Bacterial meningitis: Bacterial meningitis is usually severe. While most people with meningitis recover, it can cause serious complications, such as brain damage, hearing loss, or learning disabilities. There are several pathogens (types of germs) that can cause bacterial meningitis. Some of the leading causes of bacterial meningitis in the United States include haemophilus influenzae (most often caused by type b, hib). ...Read more

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How can you differentiate between bacterial meningitis and viral meningitis?

Lab work: Blood work and the results of a spinal tap are the definitive way to differentiate between bacterial and viral meningitis. ...Read more

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Can a mastoid infection become meningitis?

Can a mastoid infection become meningitis?

Mastoiditis : Yes. It is important to finish all antibiotics as prescribed and follow up to make sure the infection is cleared from the mastoid. ...Read more

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Is streptococcus pneumoniae meningitis a neurological disorder?

Is streptococcus pneumoniae meningitis a neurological disorder?

Sort of: It's an infection of the nervous system, so i suppose you could call it a neurological disorder. But as an id specialist, i prefer to think of it as an infectious disease. ...Read more

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Dr. William Singer
841 doctors shared insights

Meningitis (Definition)

A condition in which the membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord becomes inflamed. Symptoms include headaches, fever, stiff neck, and a sensitivity to light. There are two primary types of ...Read more


Bacteria (Definition)

Are omnipresent single celled organisms which are the both the simplest form of life and the original form of life on earth. The are ...Read more