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Doctor insights on: Bacterial Meningitis Survival Rate

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Dr. William Singer
841 Doctors shared insights

Meningitis (Definition)

A condition in which the membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord becomes inflamed. Symptoms include headaches, fever, stiff neck, and a sensitivity to light. There are two primary types of ...Read more


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How do you get bacterial meningitis?

Infection: Don't know what you are looking for- giving a general answer. Usually infection from other parts of body may spread to the meninges (the layers surrounding the brain). Infection in blood, infection in parts of body adjacent to the brain like ear, nose, sinus etc. And also if the is some form if manipulation of the meninges (shunt, brain surgery, lumbar puncture), it increases the risk. ...Read more

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How do you get bacterial meningitis?

How do you get bacterial meningitis?

Contagion: Some are from contact with an infected patient such as meningococcal, but some develop secondary to an infection elsewhere in the body, such as lung affected cns. ...Read more

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How do you catch bacterial meningitis?

Meningitis: Bacterial meningitis is typically acquired from respiratory droplets or oral secretions from another human infected with the bacteria. ...Read more

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What tests confirm bacterial meningitis?

What tests confirm bacterial meningitis?

Spinal fluid culture: To diagnose bacterial meningitis, typically, a spinal tap is done to remove a small amount of cerebrospinal fluid that surrounds the spinal cord and brain. The fluid is tested for the number of red blood cells, white blood cells, protien, and glucose. Then the fluid is cultured for bacteria which can take up to 3 to 4 days for results. It may also be cultured for viruses and that can take 7 day. ...Read more

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How does someone get bacterial meningitis?

How does someone get bacterial meningitis?

Not easily: The organisms causing this usually live in the back of the nose and throat as normal bacterial populations. They get into the blood stream and enter the subarachnoid space (surrounded by the meninges) though a structure called the choroid plexus. It is an uncommon disease these days since advent of vaccines for the meningococcus, pneumococcus and hemophilus influenzae. ...Read more

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How common is bacterial meningitis in the US?

How common is bacterial meningitis in the US?

Meningococcal rates: Approximately 800-1, 500 cases of meningococcal disease occur annually in the United States. Rates are decreasing due to improvement in vaccination programs. ...Read more

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What are significant signs of acute bacterial meningitis?

Meningitis: Symptoms include fever, headache, stiff neck, nausea and vomiting, alterations in sensorium, neurological deficits, and so on. ...Read more

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I'm concerned. What symptoms go with bacterial meningitis?

I'm concerned. What symptoms go with bacterial meningitis?

Please see below.: Symptoms of meningitis (bacterial or viral) include severe headache, stiff neck, sensitivity to light, and fever. If you think you may have meningitis, please get checked by your doctor or the er now. ...Read more

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Could you please tell me the history for bacterial meningitis!?

Could you please tell me the history for bacterial meningitis!?

Headache, stiff neck: Meningitis usually starts with headache and fever, that progresses to a stiff neck and spine. There may be associated sore throat or uri, but this does not have to be present. There may be nausea and vomiting, chills, a seizure. All of these symptoms are common, but as long as it is comfortable to look down or curl your body and hug your knees, meningitis is unlikely. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: Bacterial meningitis?

What is the definition or description of: Bacterial meningitis?

Bacterial meningitis: Bacterial meningitis can be a life-threatening illness that results from bacterial infection of the meninges (membrane covering the brain) and leaves some survivors with significant sequelae. ...Read more

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Is bacterial meningitis curable?

Antibiotics: Antibiotics are available for treatment. The earlier treatment is started, the greater the possibility of cure without long term consequences. However, f treatment is delayed, the likelihood of significant neurologic damage increases. Death may occur if antibiotic treatment is delayed. Some bacteria are so virulent that they may cause death shortly after infection begins. ...Read more

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Is bacterial meningitis contagious?

Is bacterial meningitis contagious?

Some types: Meningococcal meningitis can be highly contagious, especially in close quarters, e.g. College dorms, military recruits. Vaccinations recommended, before exposure, contacts get prophylactic antibiotic rx. Others may or not be, depending on the type and how the meningitis was contracted. ...Read more

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Can bacterial meningitis be contagious?

Can bacterial meningitis be contagious?

Yes: Bacterial meningitis is contageous, the degree of which is relatively specific to the bacteria involved. A germ like meningococcus is easily passed in a brief exposure while tuberculusis is much harder to pass, requiring much longer exposure. ...Read more

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How does bacterial meningitis stop hearing?

Infects nerves: The hearing nerves can be damaged by the infection leading to deafness. It is, unfortunately not uncommon. ...Read more

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What are long-term effects of bacterial meningitis?

Brain damage: Hearing loss, alterations in a wide range of neurological functions can occur. These are predominantly due to inflammation of the sheath of blood vessels entering the brain through the subarachnoid space (which the meninges surround). With brain swelling, herniation of the brain stem can occur, usually fatally. The type of damage will depend upon which areas of brain are attacked. ...Read more

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Is it true that bacterial meningitis is contagious?

Is it true that bacterial meningitis is contagious?

Some > than others: Some forms are much more worrisome than others. Meningococcal meningitis is quite contagious and close contacts are routinely given antibiotics to interrupt transmission. Pneumococcal meningitis contacts are not, since the germ is relatively common among normal individuals and it has not been found necessary. ...Read more

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What are the long term effects of bacterial meningitis?

Bacterial Meningitis: Hearing loss, mental retardation, seizure, speech and language delay, visual impairment, behavioral problem. Early recognition, prompt antibiotic rx and supportive care reduces severity of long term complications. Less than 6 mo age, severe infection, seizure more than 4 days into therapy, coma, tend to have more long-term sequelae. Severe neuro-developmental sequelae in 10-20% and 50% have some. ...Read more

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Dr. Shah Chowdhury
126 Doctors shared insights

Bacterial Meningitis (Definition)

Bacterial meningitis can be a life-threatening illness that results from bacterial infection of the meninges (membrane covering the brain) and leaves some ...Read more


Bacteria (Definition)

Are omnipresent single celled organisms which are the both the simplest form of life and the original form of life on earth. The are ...Read more