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Doctor insights on: Bacterial Meningitis In Infants

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The mts-bacterial meningitis in infants is usually caused by what?

The mts-bacterial meningitis in infants is usually caused by what?

Neonatal meningitis: Ecoli and group b streptococcus are the two most common causes of meningitis in infants. Women are now screened during pregnancy to see if they are carriers and if a women is screen positive she is give antibacterial agents during delivery to prevent infection in her baby and herself. Less commonly, staphylococcus, enterococcus & listeria occur. Neisseria meningitis (seen in adults) is rare. ...Read more

Dr. William Singer
842 Doctors shared insights

Meningitis (Definition)

A condition in which the membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord becomes inflamed. Symptoms include headaches, fever, stiff neck, and a sensitivity to light. There are two primary types of ...Read more


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Why are the symptoms of bacterial meningitis in infants and young children?

The classic stiff: Neck, arched back, lethargy, irritability and high fever, often after a respiratory infection (pneumonia) or especially ear infection. Once started, head ache, vomiting are also part of the symotims from blocked ventricles and elevated intracranial pressure. ...Read more

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What are the chances of a infant surviving bacterial meningitis?

What are the chances of a infant surviving bacterial meningitis?

Very good: Survival is not really the issue. Survival without permanent damage is the major goal. When meningitis is suspected, aggressive treatment is quite effective most of the time. However, many of these children will be left with permanent neurological problems. We are getting better at limiting these problems. ...Read more

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How dangerous is the disease bacterial meningitis in a baby?

How dangerous is the disease bacterial meningitis in a baby?

Potentially fatal: Although we have seen a great reduction of the bacterial meningitis frequency in the us since the introduction of the hib vaccine in the '90's, bacterial meningitis does still occur and may be devastating. It is more common in unvaccinated populations & includes several agents. The case fatality & complication rate varies with the germ and how quickly treatment is started. ...Read more

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Is a baby able to get bacterial meningitis?

Is a baby able to get bacterial meningitis?

Yes: Although it is thankfully rare, it can be life threatening. Generally a baby with meningitis will be extremely ill. Obviously, if you ever have such a concern, have your baby evaluated immediately. ...Read more

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Baby head is burning hot, but forehead n body pretty cool could this be bacterial meningitis, and he consantly hits himself in the head and bangs his?

More info needed: If you want us to render a diagnosis we at least have to have a temperature to go on. Touch and feel temperatures are meaningless. ...Read more

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How is bacterial meningitis treated?

How is bacterial meningitis treated?

Antibiotics: Usually with high doses of intravenous antibiotics, sometimes accompanied by steroids. ...Read more

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Are there official recommendations for treating bacterial meningitis?

Yes: They vary by age of patient and severity of illness, but they always include antibiotics, almost always a spinal tap, and sometimes steroids. ...Read more

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Is bacterial meningitis curable?

Antibiotics: Antibiotics are available for treatment. The earlier treatment is started, the greater the possibility of cure without long term consequences. However, f treatment is delayed, the likelihood of significant neurologic damage increases. Death may occur if antibiotic treatment is delayed. Some bacteria are so virulent that they may cause death shortly after infection begins. ...Read more

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Is bacterial meningitis contagious?

Is bacterial meningitis contagious?

Some types: Meningococcal meningitis can be highly contagious, especially in close quarters, e.g. College dorms, military recruits. Vaccinations recommended, before exposure, contacts get prophylactic antibiotic rx. Others may or not be, depending on the type and how the meningitis was contracted. ...Read more

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Can bacterial meningitis be contagious?

Yes: Bacterial meningitis is contageous, the degree of which is relatively specific to the bacteria involved. A germ like meningococcus is easily passed in a brief exposure while tuberculusis is much harder to pass, requiring much longer exposure. ...Read more

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How does bacterial meningitis stop hearing?

Infects nerves: The hearing nerves can be damaged by the infection leading to deafness. It is, unfortunately not uncommon. ...Read more

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What are long-term effects of bacterial meningitis?

Brain damage: Hearing loss, alterations in a wide range of neurological functions can occur. These are predominantly due to inflammation of the sheath of blood vessels entering the brain through the subarachnoid space (which the meninges surround). With brain swelling, herniation of the brain stem can occur, usually fatally. The type of damage will depend upon which areas of brain are attacked. ...Read more

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Is it true that bacterial meningitis is contagious?

Is it true that bacterial meningitis is contagious?

Some > than others: Some forms are much more worrisome than others. Meningococcal meningitis is quite contagious and close contacts are routinely given antibiotics to interrupt transmission. Pneumococcal meningitis contacts are not, since the germ is relatively common among normal individuals and it has not been found necessary. ...Read more

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What are the long term effects of bacterial meningitis?

Bacterial Meningitis: Hearing loss, mental retardation, seizure, speech and language delay, visual impairment, behavioral problem. Early recognition, prompt antibiotic rx and supportive care reduces severity of long term complications. Less than 6 mo age, severe infection, seizure more than 4 days into therapy, coma, tend to have more long-term sequelae. Severe neuro-developmental sequelae in 10-20% and 50% have some. ...Read more

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Are there any long-term effects of bacterial meningitis?

Are there any long-term effects of bacterial meningitis?

Can be: Meningitis can have many long lasting effects. Bacterial infections in the brain (meningitis) can affect the parts of the body controlled by that part of the brain. Deafness, seizure, speech disorders and seizures can be a permanent effect of bacterial meningitis. ...Read more

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Dr. Shah Chowdhury
126 Doctors shared insights

Bacterial Meningitis (Definition)

Bacterial meningitis can be a life-threatening illness that results from bacterial infection of the meninges (membrane covering the brain) and leaves some ...Read more


Bacteria (Definition)

Are omnipresent single celled organisms which are the both the simplest form of life and the original form of life on earth. The are ...Read more