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Doctor insights on: Baby Or Close Contact Has Hiv Aids

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Dr. Julie Abbott
16 doctors shared insights

Hiv (Definition)

Hiv infection is caused by a retrovirus....This retrovirus binds to CD4 cells (for the most part). You may detect the virus by several different methods. An elisa test (enzyme linked immunosorbent assay). You may also detect it by doing a test referred to as a western blot (a gel protein electrophoresis). Thirdly by pcr (polymerase chain reaction) which ...Read more


Dr. Jay Park Dr. Park
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How can hiv/aids not pass to a child a woman is carrying?

Dr. Jay Park Dr. Park
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How can  hiv/aids not pass to a child a woman is carrying?

Aggressive approach: It has been a standard to screen all pregnant women and start zidovudine therapy if tests positive. Hiv positive pregnant women also receive IV infusion of zidovudine while they are in labor. Elective c-section is preferred. Infants born to them receive 6-week zidovudine therapy as well. No breastfeeding allowed. This approach decreased the perinatal HIV transmission to less than 2 percent. ...Read more

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Can you tell me if I have hiv/aids will my child be born with it too ?

Can you tell me if I have hiv/aids will my child be born with it too ?

Treatment: One of the best successes in HIV treatment has been the reduction of maternal transmission to her fetus/newborn.If started and continued throughout the pregnancy, mom's viral load is minimized and transmission to baby can be cut down to 5% or less. C-section delivery is often chosen to avoid babies exposure to maternal blood. ...Read more

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How is HIV/Aids contacted? Does an STD test or pap smear test for it? What are the signs and symptoms?

How is HIV/Aids contacted? Does an STD test or pap smear test for it? What are the signs and symptoms?

No quick answer: Much too complex to answer here, especiallyin HealthTap's 400 character limit. By unprotected vaginal or anal sex, or intimate blood contact like sharing needles for drug use. It isn't diagnosed by routine STD or pap tests; a special HIV test is necessary. Symptoms too many to list, but often none at all until severe AIDS appears. Many online resources; start with CDC at http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/ ...Read more

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Are we getting close to a cure for hiv/aids?

Are we getting close to a cure for hiv/aids?

Not close yet, IMHO: I would love to be optimistic and say that we will have a cure soon, but i think the researchers are still missing a key understanding of how HIV and/or how our immune system works or is affected by hiv. Understanding these issues will give us more information on how to combat hiv, likely via vaccination so that we can stimulate our own immune system to recognize and kill HIV everywhere in body. ...Read more

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How does hiv aids spread?

How does hiv aids spread?

Fresh blood / semen: Sex, especially anal intercourse, and needle sharing for drug abuse. The blood supply for transfusion is basically safe. Dark talk about AIDS being transmitted in other ways is disinformation. ...Read more

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How does hiv/aids spread?

How does hiv/aids spread?

Body fluids: Mostly from sexual intercourse and from contact with infected blood products. ...Read more

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How do HIV & aids differ?

How do HIV & aids differ?

Infection severity: There are several differences between HIV and aids. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the virus that causes progressive destruction of the immune system. As the immune system declines, a person can get one of 20+ opportunistic infections associated with acquired immund deficiency syndrome (aids). A person can also have aids if their cd4 or t-cell count (marker of immune function) is <200. ...Read more

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How do I know if I have hiv/aids?

How do I know if I have hiv/aids?

Get tested: Hiv tests are readily available and will be the only way to know either way. Depending on the result, you may need to see your doctor for appropriate care. ...Read more

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What is HIV/AIDS a risk factor for?

HIV/AIDS is a risk factor for:: Cryptococcus, Low testosterone, Neuropathy, Nerve pain, Addison's disease, Adrenal insufficiency, Aspergillosis, Athlete's foot, Bacterial infection of the vagina, Berger's disease, Bone infection, Brain abscess, Brain cancer, Brain tumor, Campylobacter, Cervical cancer, Cholangiocarcinoma, Cholangitis, Cholera, Cold sore, Cryptococcosis, Dry eyes, Esophageal varices, Extrapulmonary tuberculosis, Fungal meningitis, Gastroenteritis, Genital herpes, Gingivitis, Glomerulonephritis, Granuloma annulare, Group B streptococcal infection, Guillain Barre syndrome, Hepatitis, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Herpes, Herpes zoster, Histoplasmosis, Hypertriglyceridemia, Hypoparathyroidism, Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies, Jock itch, Kaposi's sarcoma, Kwashiorkor, Lactic acidosis, Lymphogranuloma venereum, Lymphoma, MALT lymphoma, Metabolic syndrome, Miller Fisher Syndrome, Molluscum Contagiosum, Mononeuritis multiplex, MRSA, Mycobacterium avium intracellulare, Myocarditis, Non Hodgkin's lymphoma, Pancreatitis, Pityriasis ve. ...Read more

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Can you tell me the causes of hiv/aids?

Can you tell me the causes of hiv/aids?

Cause of HIV/AIDS: The cause of hiv/aids is an RNA retrovirus that infects cells w/a specific target called a cd4 receptor. Many of these cells function in the immune system. Once in the cell, the virus changes to a dna virus ; enters the nucleus of the cell ; binds to the dna becoming part of that cell. It then uses the cells machinery to replicate ; finally kill off the cell ; w/it the immune system of the host. ...Read more

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Which are best medication for hiv/aids?

Best HAART: The best haart is that therapy that is guided by the individuals specific viral infection. We check for resistance mutations in a test called a genotype. We then tailor the medication regimen based on the genotype ; the fine detail on how the patient tolerates the drug ; if the virus becomes suppressed on the regimen. If the virus does not suppress we look for hidden mutations ; refine the tx. ...Read more

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How do I know if I have hiv/aids or no?

How do I know if I have hiv/aids or no?

Get tested: Hiv tests are readily available and will be the only way to know either way. Depending on the result, you may need to see your doctor for appropriate care. ...Read more

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What are some of the tests for HIV/AIDS?

The tests for HIV/AIDS include:: HIV antibody 1 and 2, HIV test, CD4, HIV 1, HIV 1 and 2 Western blot, HIV 1 coreceptor tropism, HIV 1 DNA, HIV 1 genotype, HIV 1 RNA, HIV 1 virtual phenotype, HIV 2, HIV 2 antibody immunoblot, HIV 2 proviral DNA, VDRL, RPR, Comprehensive metabolic panel, Complete blood count. ...Read more

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What required ingredients to cure hiv/aids?

What required ingredients to cure hiv/aids?

None: At present there are no established cures for aids. Recent case reports suggest that prompt treatment early in the course of infection might be curative, but this is far from certain, and once the disease is established it can be treated and suppressed but not wholly cured, at least with current technology. ...Read more

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What percent of the population has hiv/aids?

US prevalence of HIV: In the us, the cdc's official quote for the number of people infected dates from 2006 and is 1.1 million. That same year, in october, our population crossed the 300 million threshold, according to published statistics, meaning about 1 person in 300 has HIV infection. Or 0.3%. Here's the cdc link: http://www.Cdc.Gov/hiv/topics/surveillance/resources/qa/prevalence.Htm in south africa, 25% are. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: hiv/aids?

HIV: Hiv/aids is a disease of the human immune system caused by infection with human immunodeficiency virus (hiv). During the initial infection, a person may experience a brief period of influenza-like illness. This is typically followed by a prolonged period without symptoms. As the illness progresses, it interferes with the immune system, making the person much more likely to get infections. ...Read more

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Please tell me what are all the known causes of hiv-aids?

HIV: Hiv is the human immunodeficiency virus. This virus causes the medical condition / syndrome known as aids (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). Hiv is spread by sharing body fluids. Hiv is the only cause of aids. ...Read more

Dr. Ed Friedlander
1,454 doctors shared insights

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (Definition)

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus (a member of the retrovirus family) that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (aids), [1][2] a condition in humans in which progressive failure of the immune system allows life-threatening opportunistic infections ...Read more


Dr. Martin Raff
693 doctors shared insights

Aids (Definition)

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, or AIDS, is the final stage of HIV, which causes intense damage to the immune system. It is associated with a low CD4 lymphocytes count and clinical signs of immune dysfunction. Specifically, AIDS begins when the CD4 cell ...Read more