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Doctor insights on: Baby Hydrocephalus

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Dr. James Goodrich
708 Doctors shared insights

Hydrocephalus (Definition)

A condition in which there is an abnormal accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid or "brain fluid" within the brain which causes increased pressure inside the skull. It can ...Read more


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Can a ventriculoperitoneal shunt be used to drain a baby hydrocephalus?

Can a ventriculoperitoneal shunt be used to drain a baby hydrocephalus?

That's one way: The current approach to hydrocephalus is dependent on the kid and the training of the neurosurgeon involved in their care. There are several ways to shunt the excess with VP shunting to be a traditional one. ...Read more

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What to do if I have a baby with hydrocephalus?

What to do if I have a baby with hydrocephalus?

Read this monograph: I have discussed this question in detail on my own blog. Go to http://surgeonwriter. Com/hydrolog/ and download the free monograph HYDROCEPHALUS: An Owner's Manual. It's free. This is written for the lay person. It's brief, interesting, and informative. It's not encyclopedic, but it will answer most of your questions. Enough anyway, so you will know what to ask your doc. Good luck. ...Read more

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In a baby with hydrocephalus and after shunting will the child need a new shunt next year or two?

In a baby with hydrocephalus and after shunting will the child need a new shunt next year or two?

Possibly: If the shunt stops working (shunt failure), it will need to be revised. This often entails placing a completely new shunt system or a partial new system. It is impossible to predict exactly when this will happen, but the general risk of shunt failure is 10% per year. The shunt may also need to be lengthened as the child grows. All of the above possibilities entail a surgical procedure. ...Read more

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What occurs when a 21 day old baby with hydrocephalus and ruptures meningocele becomes infected with pseudomonas infection?

What occurs when a 21 day old baby with hydrocephalus and ruptures meningocele becomes infected with pseudomonas infection?

Hard to say: S/he could survive with aggressive treatment to a life of disability and frequent medical procedures. It could also die of the related infection by such an aggressive germ. ...Read more

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My baby has hydrocephalus and his back is open he can't move his legs a surgery was operated on his brain will he be able to walk?

My baby has hydrocephalus and his back is open he can't move his legs a surgery was operated on his brain will he be able to walk?

Meningomyelocele: For meningomyelocele, it depends on the level of the defect and the affected region if a child can ever walk. Good signs are moving the legs and having bowel and urine control. ...Read more

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Is it normal for a baby to have hydrocephalus but the fluid is not constant? And the fluid fill parts of the brain that didn't develop?

Is it normal for a baby to have hydrocephalus but the fluid is not constant? And the fluid fill parts of the brain that didn't develop?

Could happen: Not all hydrocephalus is from obstruction. In cases where a part of the brain failed to develop there will be fluid where brain tissue should have been. This is called porencephalic ventricular dilatation. The degree of dilatation may vary depending on body position. ...Read more

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I have 6 month baby whoes suffering from hydrocephalus. After shunt treatment there is shunt infection occured now my baby can spend a normal life?

I have 6 month baby whoes suffering from hydrocephalus. After shunt treatment there is shunt infection occured now my baby can spend a normal life?

Yes: Children with hydrocephalus can have a normal life. Some have brain issues because of the hydrocephalus. Shunt placement has at least a 10% incidence of shunt infection. Proper treatment usually results in resolution of the infection and shunt may need to be changed. ...Read more

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How is hydrocephalus detected in a child?

Depends: In the fetus, it is frequently diagnosed with ultrasound. In infants, before the fontanels (soft spots) close, ultrasound will also detect it. In the older child, MRI or ct will show hydrocephalus if suspected by signs and symptoms. The exam of the back of the eye can suggest increased pressure in the head an raise the possibility of hydrocephalus. ...Read more

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Can a child with hydrocephalus lead a normal life?

Can a child with hydrocephalus lead a normal life?

Yes: A child with hydrocephalus can lead a very normal life. I presume you are asking whether or not the shunt will affect the ability to have a normal life. Patients with shunts can and do live very normal and full and productive lives. There certainly are some precautions they need to take such as being aware of the signs of shunt dysfunction. Also, there may be some limitations to avoid head injury. ...Read more

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What is hydrocephalus and how does it affect a baby?

What is hydrocephalus and how does it affect a baby?

Excess fluid in head: Hydrocephalus is the greek word for "waterhead"; it is caused by accumulation of excess fluid intracranially from a variery of disorders (spina bifida, aqueductal stenosis, infections, bleeding, developmental anomalies). It compresses and deprives the developing fetal brain from adequate perfusion and can thus cause irreparable neurological injury and neurodevelopmental defects. Seek mfm care! ...Read more

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Can a child stop needing a shunt for hydrocephalus?

Can a child stop needing a shunt for hydrocephalus?

Possible: It is possible for the hydrocephaly to slowly resolve and not re-occur. It certainly depends what caused the hydrocephaly in the first place. It is more common to slowly resolve if it was caused by a blled in the brain when the baby was premature. Less likely if the cuase is a physical restriction of the flow of CSF as in dandy-walker cyst or arnold chiari defect. ...Read more

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How do you take care of a child with a shunt for hydrocephalus?

How do you take care of a child with a shunt for hydrocephalus?

Normally: As long as the shunt functions well, ther essentially is nothing that needs done other than to treat your child normally, with perhaps some care to avoid situations where there may be head trauma. ...Read more

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Can the heads of people who had hydrocephalus as a child stay the same size?

Can the heads of people who had hydrocephalus as a child stay the same size?

Hydrocephalus: If the hydrocephalus has been successfully treated then the head size should grow appropriately as in any other child ...Read more

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Could the heads of people who had hydrocephalus as a child stay the same big size?

Could the heads of people who had hydrocephalus as a child stay the same big size?

Hydrocephalus: Yes the head size can remain on the large size, it is most dependent at what point the hydrocephalus was treated. In the earlier treatments the head size can actually decreased. Not so much the case in later treatment. ...Read more

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Is it possible that there is no visible head enlargement for a child with hydrocephalus?

Is it possible that there is no visible head enlargement for a child with hydrocephalus?

Depends: The term hydrocephalus is generally used to describe any condition producing an excess of fluid within the brain. The more common form is due to a blockage of the spinal fluid plumbing system with a buildup of pressure that can expand the infant skull. Another cause is the loss of brain substance due to injury (stroke, infection) & fluid fills is the empty space under little or no pressure. ...Read more

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What does the doctor do when he suspects that a child has hydrocephalus?

What does the doctor do when he suspects that a child has hydrocephalus?

CT/MRI commonly: Depends on the age. The suspicion may arise from the child's head circumference measurements increasing, or if the child has some sort of arrested neurologic development. Usually, a ct scan of the head is performed, if not an MRI of the head. Consultation with a pediatric neurosurgeon is common. Sometimes a drainage tube, or shunt, is required. ...Read more

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I am pregnant and my unborn child was just diagnosed with hydrocephalus, what should I do next?

I am pregnant and my unborn child was just diagnosed with hydrocephalus, what should I do next?

See your MD: Consult your OB physician who can arrange for further analysis and tests. In particular, the underlying cause of the hydrocephalus and potential treatment may need to be explored. You may also need the consultation with a pediatric neurosurgeon who may need to be available for interventions after the delivery. ...Read more

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What do parents have to know about the shunt placed on their child for hydrocephalus?

As much as possible: Much of the information can be obtained from the neurosurgeon that placed the shunt. It is good to keep a record with you because people move/travel. Some of the basic information you should have includes: reason for the shunt, type of shunt (including model/ company brand), where does the shunt go (ie. Brain to abdomen vs. To pleura), is the shunt MRI safe? A copy of a baseline ct scan is useful. ...Read more

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Can it be possible that there is no visible head enlargement for a 1-yr-old child diagnosed with hydrocephalus?

Can it be possible that there is no visible head enlargement for a 1-yr-old child diagnosed with hydrocephalus?

Its possible: This would depend on the cause of the hydrocephalus. If the cause is blockage of CSF flow (by a blood clot or tumor) there should be a back pressure that will cause the head enlargement. If the cause of the hydrocephalus is an ex vacuo phenomenon from a problem with development (ie. There is not as much brain tissue), the ventricles can dilate out to fill the space. There is not the back pressure. ...Read more

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My child 3years old died with damaged brain coz of hydrocephalus that occures through pregnancy What should I do if iwanna plan for new pregnancy?

My child 3years old died with damaged brain coz of hydrocephalus that occures through pregnancy What should I do if iwanna plan for new pregnancy?

Find a geneticist: There are many potential causes for hydrocephalus.If you can locate a geneticist with the university or children's hospital they can review what you know about the child you lost, review any records, and come up with a plan. Some of these are incidental and increasing folate in your diet may help, but some may be genetically linked and the risk higher. ...Read more

Dr. Alan Ali Dr. Ali
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How can hydrocephalus happen?

Dr. Alan Ali Dr. Ali
1 doctor agreed:

Hydrocephalus: Genetic predisposition to aqueductal stenosis, Neural tube defects such as spina bifida, Premature birth complications such as intraventricular hemorrhage, Tumors, Traumatic head injury, Subarachnoid hemorrhage, Meningitis. ...Read more

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What does hydrocephalus mean?

Hydrocephalus: Hydrocephalus is a situation where there is too much water in the brain. Spinal fluid normally circulates around and within in the brain. If the amount increases beyond normal volumes then one can have hydrocephalus. ...Read more

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How do you treat hydrocephalus?

How do you treat hydrocephalus?

Shunt placement: True symptomatic hydrocephalus is treated by
draining the ventricles through a small tube. A neurosurgeon preforms this by making a small hole in the skull and passing a thin tube into the lateral ventrical of the brain. This tube is then passed downward under the skin into the abdominal cavity where it allows the cerebral spinal fluid flow from the ventricals. ...Read more

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What is arrested hydrocephalus?

What is arrested hydrocephalus?

Arressted Hydro: Arrested hydrocephalus' is said to have occurred when the intracranial pressure returns to normal, despite the ventricles remaining dilated. The CSF absorption appears to have balanced production. In the infant, normal development resumes but any pre-existing damage remains. ...Read more

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When does hydrocephalus appear?

When does hydrocephalus appear?

It varies: Hydrocephalus commonly called water on the brain can be present at birth or can develop later in life. It is due to an imbalance between production and absorbtion of brain fluid or csf. There are numerous causes of the congenital form. Other causes include infection and tumors. There is even a form seen later in life that mimics dementia and causes balance problems. ...Read more