Doctor insights on:
Autoimmune Encephalitis Prognosis
Could you please explain metabolism of the brain, the prognosis, and symptoms? Also auto-immune encephalitis prognosis and symptoms?
A lot of questions: Briefly: metabolism of the brain refers to how the brain processes its energy source which is principally glucose. There are ways to assay this such as cerebral microdialysis or special pet scans. Metabolism can be altered in conditions like head injury or stroke. Auto-immune encephal. Is usually from antibodies directed against brain antigens. Symptoms vary: can include seizure, weakness, dementia. ...Read more
The immune system developed to tell our own, normal cells (self) from foreign and abnormal cells (non-self). This lets the immune system eliminate viruses, bacteria, fungi and cancer cells from our body without harming normal cells. Sometimes the immune system fails to tell self from non-self and it attacks normal cells, for example in ...Read more
Can autoimmune encephalitis triggered by past infection be insidious unlike acute disseminated encephalomyelitis?
Rasmussen syndrome: There are several others that are even less common ...Read more
Somewhat: The biggest issue is more the medicines you take to control your autoimmune disease. They suppress your immune system to keep your body from attacking itself. However, it also prevents your immune system from attacking an invading infection and so in that way would make you more susceptible to these infections. ...Read more
Does a CT scan show encephalitis from an infection? What is the prognosis of encephalitis in a teenager?
Yes & it depends: Yes, a CT scan of the brain can show encephalitis, but an MRI is often more sensitive & better at detecting encephalitis, especially early on in an infection. The prognosis in any patient depends on the virulence (severity) of the infection and degree of inflammation and location in the brain. It's best to discuss the specifics of each case to have a better idea of prognosis. ...Read more
Treat encephalitis: Treatment of encephalitis depends upon the cause and clinical progression. Usually, the treatment is supportive, as many cases are viral and there is not a specific cure. However, in hsv encephalitis, Acyclovir is used to treat the virus. In certain cases, hospitalization, nutritional support, fever control, antiseizure medication, mechanical ventilation, and corticosteroids may be needed. ...Read more
Variable: Mild infections may occur with mild symptoms of fever with headache. More severe infection is marked by quick onset, headache, high fever, neck stiffness, stupor, disorientation, coma, tremors, convulsions (especially in infants) and spastic paralysis. It is the leading cause of viral encephalitis in asia. It is transmitted by rice field mosquitoes. ...Read more
Inflamed brain: The encephalon is considered to be the gray matter of the brain. This is where all the neuron cells are located. If an infection sets in to this region it is called an encephalitis. The -itis ending just means inflammation. It is usually virus infections that like to go specifically to the neurons of the brain. ...Read more
Encephalitis: Signs and symptoms of encephalitis in children may include fever, headache, vomiting, stiff neck or back pain, lethargy, weakness, unsteady gait, confusion, agitation, sensitivity to light, coma, seizures, and paralysis. Infants may also demonstrate poor feeding, irritability, bulging fontanelle, and body stiffness. ...Read more
Possibly: Encephalitis is an inflammation of the brain usually due to infection. Curing encephalitis depends on the cause and how severe it is. People frequently recover from viral encephalitis but if the infection is severe it can leave permanent brain damage. See this web page for a list of some causes and treatments of encephalitis: http://www. Ncbi. Nlm. Nih. Gov/pubmedhealth/pmh0002388/. ...Read more
Great question: Spongiform is used by neuro pathologists to describe the appearance of the brain at autopsy. Many early cases could not be determined as to cause. The patient had a prolonged miserable course and then died. No specific cause could be found, but the brain was full of small holes like a sponge. We now know most are caused by latent viruses or prions. ...Read more
All encephalitis are serious. This is an encephalitis attacking the posterior and low areas of the neuronal axis below the brain (hindbrain).
Rhombencephalo[from rhombus + encephalon]:is the part of the brain that develops from the posterior portion of the embryonic neural tube and comprises the cerebellum, pons, and the medulla oblongata. Compare mesencephalon, prosencephalon. ...Read more
Neonate encephalitis: Neonatal encephalitis is often characterized by symptoms of central nervous system dysfunction. An infant with neonatal encephalopathy may exhibit abnormal level of consciousness, seizures, tone and reflex abnormalities, apnea, and feeding difficulties. This is often caused by herpes simplex virus. ...Read more
The encephalon is considered to be the gray matter of the brain. This is where all the neuron cells are located. If an infection sets in to this region it is called an encephalitis. The -itis ending just means inflammation. It is usually virus infections that like to go specifically to the ...Read more