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Doctor insights on: Autoimmune Encephalitis

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Autoimmune (Definition)

The immune system developed to tell our own, normal cells (self) from foreign and abnormal cells (non-self). This lets the immune system eliminate viruses, bacteria, fungi and cancer cells from our body without harming normal cells. Sometimes the immune system fails to tell self from non-self and it attacks normal cells, for example in ...Read more


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Does having an autoimmune disease make you more susceptible to meningitis or encephalitis?

Does having an autoimmune disease make you more susceptible to meningitis or encephalitis?

Somewhat : The biggest issue is more the medicines you take to control your autoimmune disease. They suppress your immune system to keep your body from attacking itself. However, it also prevents your immune system from attacking an invading infection and so in that way would make you more susceptible to these infections. ...Read more

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Could you please explain metabolism of the brain, the prognosis, and symptoms? Also auto-immune encephalitis prognosis and symptoms?

Could you please explain metabolism of the brain, the prognosis, and symptoms?  Also auto-immune encephalitis prognosis and symptoms?

A lot of questions: Briefly: metabolism of the brain refers to how the brain processes its energy source which is principally glucose. There are ways to assay this such as cerebral microdialysis or special pet scans. Metabolism can be altered in conditions like head injury or stroke. Auto-immune encephal. Is usually from antibodies directed against brain antigens. Symptoms vary: can include seizure, weakness, dementia. ...Read more

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What are the tests for encephalitis?

What are the tests for encephalitis?

Encephalitis tests: The tests for encephalitis vary depending upon the suspected etiology. The diagnosis may be made based upon history, physical examination, blood tests that can include testing for specific antibodies or polymerase chain reaction, evaluation of cerebral spinal fluid, and possibly neuroimaging with MRI of brain and electroencephalogram. ...Read more

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What happens when someone has encephalitis?

What happens when someone has encephalitis?

Encephalitis : Encephalitis is inflammation of the brain typically caused by a viral infection. Signs and symptoms may include headache, nausea, vomiting, stiff neck, weakness, trouble walking, confusion or agitation, seizures, coma, and paralysis. Treatment is supportive and depends upon the cause and course of illness. Outcome varies. ...Read more

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Is encephalitis curable?

Possibly: Encephalitis is an inflammation of the brain usually due to infection. Curing encephalitis depends on the cause and how severe it is. People frequently recover from viral encephalitis but if the infection is severe it can leave permanent brain damage. See this web page for a list of some causes and treatments of encephalitis: http://www.Ncbi.Nlm.Nih.Gov/pubmedhealth/pmh0002388/. ...Read more

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Is encephalitis treatable?

Is encephalitis treatable?

Sometimes: There are limited direct antiviral treatment opportunities for encephalitis, specifically those caused by herpes simplex virus. For others, symptomatic supportive treatment such as controlling intracranial pressure tend to be the first line of treatment. ...Read more

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Is encephalitis contagious?

Is encephalitis contagious?

Depends: Infectious encephalitis caused by borelia, viruses (yellow fever, hemorrhagic fever viruses), rickettsiae are contagious, but often require the presence of a vector, usually a mosquito or a tick that will transfer the pathogen from the infected person to the healthy one. ...Read more

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What causes spongioform encephalitis?

What causes spongioform encephalitis?

Great question: Spongiform is used by neuro pathologists to describe the appearance of the brain at autopsy. Many early cases could not be determined as to cause. The patient had a prolonged miserable course and then died. No specific cause could be found, but the brain was full of small holes like a sponge. We now know most are caused by latent viruses or prions. ...Read more

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Dr. Tatiana Falcone
168 doctors shared insights

Encephalitis (Definition)

The encephalon is considered to be the gray matter of the brain. This is where all the neuron cells are located. If an infection sets in to this region it is called an encephalitis. The -itis ending just means inflammation. It is usually virus infections that like to go specifically to the ...Read more