autoimmune encephalitis

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Dr. Kerrie Pinkney answered:

Does having an autoimmune disease make you more susceptible to meningitis or encephalitis?

Somewhat

Meningitis
The biggest issue is more the medicines you take to control your autoimmune disease. They suppress your immune system to keep your body from attacking itself. However, it also prevents your immune system from attacking an invading infection and so in that way would make you more susceptible to these infections.
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Dr. Gregg Nishi answered:

Are there vaccinations for Encephalitis?

Encephalitis

Vaccines_up_to_date
It depends. There are vaccines for some types of viral encephalopathies like meales, varicela, arbovirus. Autoimmune encephalopathies don't necessarily have vaccines. There are a ton of causes including, west nile, Japanese, Western Equine Encephalitis, Eastern Equine Encephalitis Murray Valley Encephalitis La Crosse Encephalitis Colorado Tick Fever. Autoimmune encephalitis.
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Dr. Simon Tsiouris answered:

What are the differences between encephalitis vs encephalopathies?

Fever

Encephalopathy
Encephalitis is a state of altered mental status associated with fever as well as certain findings on brain imaging and lumbar puncture. Encephalitis is often caused by an infection (bacterial, viral, parasitic) but can be due to autoimmune diseases. Encephalopathy is an altered mental status without fever that can be due to many different causes including drug effects, lack of oxygen and toxins.
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Describe the disorder called having inflammation of the brain (encephalitis).?

Is brain inflamation

Headache
Encephalitis is inflammation of the brain and can be caused by infections or sometimes by autoimmune problems where the immune system injures the brain. Symptoms include things like confusion, agitation, headache, difficulty speaking, sometimes even coma or seizures. Paralysis and vision problems also possible.
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Dr. Jason Adler answered:

Just took my child to the doctor who diagnosed encephalitis. What is that? I need to tell the teacher.

Inflammated brain

Encephalitis
Encephalitis is inflammation of the brain. The cause is often viral, but can include other infections, autoimmune disorders, and genetic/inheritable problems. The symptoms can range from very mild and barely noticeable to severe, requiring hospitalization. You should discuss this further with your doctor.
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Dr. Rawan Tarawneh answered:

Who can help me with encephalitis bickerstaff ?.. My mom is diagnose with this.

Inflamed brainstem

Blood
This is a rare type of encephalitis thought to be due to the immune system attacking brain cells (ie. autoimmune). It preferentially affects the lower part of the brain called the brainstem responsible for facial movements, speech, swallowing, eye movements, and the cerebellum which is responsible for coordination. Arms and legs are also affected. MRI, CSF, and blood anti-Q1b help with diagnosis
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Besides supportive care, are there any effective medications that can help fight Encephalitis?

Yes

Autoimmune
The etiology (cause) of encephalitis will be paramount in the decision of what treatment to institute. If it is caused by infection, antibiotics will be administered. Autoimmune diseases will be treated accordingly (steroids for example). If it doesn't have an identifiable cause, then supportive treatment may be all that is done until one is identified.
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Can you tell me is nmda receptor encephalitis a genetic disorder?

No, autoimmune

Encephalitis
NMDA receptor encephalitis is an autoimmune disorder in which the immune system gets sensitized to an antigen which closely matches the normal NMDA receptors and then attacks the brain cells which have those receptors. Often this is triggered by a cancer, a so-called "paraneoplastic syndrome"; this is not a genetic disorder
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Dr. Martin Raff answered:

My endo said my graves disease may have caused my brain to swell with symptoms that mimic encephalitis. He has prescribed me steroids. correct dx??

Cannot diagnose

Cerebrum
Your endocrinologist is certainly operating from a better prospectus than we could, not having examined you and not having access to the results of studies run. If you have serious questions about the diagnosis and treatment would strongly suggest getting a second opinion from somebody who can evaluate you in person. Good luck.
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Dr. William Goldie answered:

What causes spongioform encephalitis?

Great question

Autopsy
Spongiform is used by neuro pathologists to describe the appearance of the brain at autopsy. Many early cases could not be determined as to cause. The patient had a prolonged miserable course and then died. No specific cause could be found, but the brain was full of small holes like a sponge. We now know most are caused by latent viruses or prions.
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