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Doctor insights on: Autoimmune Encephalitis

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Dr. Eric Weisman
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Autoimmune (Definition)

The immune system developed to tell our own, normal cells (self) from foreign and abnormal cells (non-self). This lets the immune system eliminate viruses, bacteria, fungi and cancer cells from our body without harming normal cells. Sometimes the immune system fails to tell self from non-self and it attacks normal cells, for example in ...Read more


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Does having an autoimmune disease make you more susceptible to meningitis or encephalitis?

Does having an autoimmune disease make you more susceptible to meningitis or encephalitis?

Somewhat : The biggest issue is more the medicines you take to control your autoimmune disease. They suppress your immune system to keep your body from attacking itself. However, it also prevents your immune system from attacking an invading infection and so in that way would make you more susceptible to these infections. ...Read more

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Dr. Eric Weisman
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Could you please explain metabolism of the brain, the prognosis, and symptoms? Also auto-immune encephalitis prognosis and symptoms?

Could you please explain metabolism of the brain, the prognosis, and symptoms?  Also auto-immune encephalitis prognosis and symptoms?

A lot of questions: Briefly: metabolism of the brain refers to how the brain processes its energy source which is principally glucose. There are ways to assay this such as cerebral microdialysis or special pet scans. Metabolism can be altered in conditions like head injury or stroke. Auto-immune encephal. Is usually from antibodies directed against brain antigens. Symptoms vary: can include seizure, weakness, dementia. ...Read more

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Do you know anything about encephalitis?

Do you know anything about encephalitis?

Viral brain infectio: Encephalitis is an infection and inflammation of the .brain substance itself. It is usually viral in nature but can be caused by other agents and autoimmune disorders. The severity varies with the agent, for instance virus causing the infection, from mild, accompanying mumps to severe when caused by herpes simplex virus, eastern equine or any of many other viruses ...Read more

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Dr. Eric Weisman
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What are the differences between encephalitis vs encephalopathies?

What are the differences between encephalitis vs encephalopathies?

Fever: Encephalitis is a state of altered mental status associated with fever as well as certain findings on brain imaging and lumbar puncture. Encephalitis is often caused by an infection (bacterial, viral, parasitic) but can be due to autoimmune diseases. Encephalopathy is an altered mental status without fever that can be due to many different causes including drug effects, lack of oxygen and toxins. ...Read more

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Are there vaccinations for encephalitis?

Are there vaccinations for encephalitis?

Encephalitis: It depends. There are vaccines for some types of viral encephalopathies like meales, varicela, arbovirus. Autoimmune encephalopathies don't necessarily have vaccines. There are a ton of causes including, west nile, japanese, western equine encephalitis, eastern equine encephalitis murray valley encephalitis la crosse encephalitis colorado tick fever. Autoimmune encephalitis. ...Read more

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Besides supportive care, are there any effective medications that can help fight encephalitis?

Besides supportive care, are there any effective medications that can help fight encephalitis?

Depends of type: Herpes encephalitis can be modified by the use of acyclovir. Other viral infections can be modified by immunization and anti-viral agents. Most cases can recover on their own without the need for specific treatment. Good supportive care and treatment of possible bacterial infection is needed as well as prevention of complications. Vaccines for contacts may avoid other cases. ...Read more

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Who can help me with encephalitis bickerstaff ?.. My mom is diagnose with this.

Who can help me with encephalitis bickerstaff ?.. My mom is diagnose with this.

Inflamed brainstem: This is a rare type of encephalitis thought to be due to the immune system attacking brain cells (ie. Autoimmune). It preferentially affects the lower part of the brain called the brainstem responsible for facial movements, speech, swallowing, eye movements, and the cerebellum which is responsible for coordination. Arms and legs are also affected. Mri, csf, and blood anti-q1b help with diagnosis. ...Read more

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Just took my child to the doctor who diagnosed encephalitis. What is that? I need to tell the teacher.

Just took my child to the doctor who diagnosed encephalitis. What is that? I need to tell the teacher.

Inflammated brain: Encephalitis is inflammation of the brain. The cause is often viral, but can include other infections, autoimmune disorders, and genetic/inheritable problems. The symptoms can range from very mild and barely noticeable to severe, requiring hospitalization. You should discuss this further with your doctor. ...Read more

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Describe the disorder called having inflammation of the brain (encephalitis).?

Describe the disorder called having inflammation of the brain (encephalitis).?

Is brain inflamation: Encephalitis is inflammation of the brain and can be caused by infections or sometimes by autoimmune problems where the immune system injures the brain. Symptoms include things like confusion, agitation, headache, difficulty speaking, sometimes even coma or seizures. Paralysis and vision problems also possible. ...Read more

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Dr. Gerald Mandell
144 doctors shared insights

Encephalitis (Definition)

The encephalon is considered to be the gray matter of the brain. This is where all the neuron cells are located. If an infection sets in to this region it is called an encephalitis. The -itis ending just means inflammation. It is usually virus infections that like to go specifically to the ...Read more


Dr. Tatiana Falcone
152 doctors shared insights

Inflammation Of The Brain (Definition)

Encephalitis is irritation and swelling (inflammation) of the brain, most ...Read more


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Dr. Eric Weisman
Board Certified, Neurology
30 years in practice
4M people helped
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