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Doctor insights on: Autoimmune Encephalitis

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Autoimmune (Definition)

The immune system developed to tell our own, normal cells (self) from foreign and abnormal cells (non-self). This lets the immune system eliminate viruses, bacteria, fungi and cancer cells from our body without harming normal cells. Sometimes the immune system fails to tell self from non-self and it attacks normal cells, for example in ...Read more


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Does having an autoimmune disease make you more susceptible to meningitis or encephalitis?

Does having an autoimmune disease make you more susceptible to meningitis or encephalitis?

Somewhat : The biggest issue is more the medicines you take to control your autoimmune disease. They suppress your immune system to keep your body from attacking itself. However, it also prevents your immune system from attacking an invading infection and so in that way would make you more susceptible to these infections. ...Read more

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Could you please explain metabolism of the brain, the prognosis, and symptoms? Also auto-immune encephalitis prognosis and symptoms?

Could you please explain metabolism of the brain, the prognosis, and symptoms?  Also auto-immune encephalitis prognosis and symptoms?

A lot of questions: Briefly: metabolism of the brain refers to how the brain processes its energy source which is principally glucose. There are ways to assay this such as cerebral microdialysis or special pet scans. Metabolism can be altered in conditions like head injury or stroke. Auto-immune encephal. Is usually from antibodies directed against brain antigens. Symptoms vary: can include seizure, weakness, dementia. ...Read more

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What are the tests for encephalitis?

What are the tests for encephalitis?

Encephalitis tests: The tests for encephalitis vary depending upon the suspected etiology. The diagnosis may be made based upon history, physical examination, blood tests that can include testing for specific antibodies or polymerase chain reaction, evaluation of cerebral spinal fluid, and possibly neuroimaging with MRI of brain and electroencephalogram. ...Read more

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What happens when someone has encephalitis?

What happens when someone has encephalitis?

Encephalitis : Encephalitis is inflammation of the brain typically caused by a viral infection. Signs and symptoms may include headache, nausea, vomiting, stiff neck, weakness, trouble walking, confusion or agitation, seizures, coma, and paralysis. Treatment is supportive and depends upon the cause and course of illness. Outcome varies. ...Read more

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Is encephalitis curable?

Possibly: Encephalitis is an inflammation of the brain usually due to infection. Curing encephalitis depends on the cause and how severe it is. People frequently recover from viral encephalitis but if the infection is severe it can leave permanent brain damage. See this web page for a list of some causes and treatments of encephalitis: http://www.Ncbi.Nlm.Nih.Gov/pubmedhealth/pmh0002388/. ...Read more

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Is encephalitis treatable?

Is encephalitis treatable?

Sometimes: There are limited direct antiviral treatment opportunities for encephalitis, specifically those caused by herpes simplex virus. For others, symptomatic supportive treatment such as controlling intracranial pressure tend to be the first line of treatment. ...Read more

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Is encephalitis contagious?

Is encephalitis contagious?

Depends: Infectious encephalitis caused by borelia, viruses (yellow fever, hemorrhagic fever viruses), rickettsiae are contagious, but often require the presence of a vector, usually a mosquito or a tick that will transfer the pathogen from the infected person to the healthy one. ...Read more

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What causes spongioform encephalitis?

What causes spongioform encephalitis?

Great question: Spongiform is used by neuro pathologists to describe the appearance of the brain at autopsy. Many early cases could not be determined as to cause. The patient had a prolonged miserable course and then died. No specific cause could be found, but the brain was full of small holes like a sponge. We now know most are caused by latent viruses or prions. ...Read more

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Is rhomben encephalitis fatal in adults?

Is rhomben encephalitis fatal in adults?

Could be.: All encephalitis are serious. This is an encephalitis attacking the posterior and low areas of the neuronal axis below the brain(hindbrain). Rhombencephalo[from rhombus + encephalon]:is the part of the brain that develops from the posterior portion of the embryonic neural tube and comprises the cerebellum, pons, and the medulla oblongata.Compare mesencephalon, prosencephalon. ...Read more

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Symptoms a 2 month old has of encephalitis?

Neonate encephalitis: Neonatal encephalitis is often characterized by symptoms of central nervous system dysfunction. An infant with neonatal encephalopathy may exhibit abnormal level of consciousness, seizures, tone and reflex abnormalities, apnea, and feeding difficulties. This is often caused by herpes simplex virus. ...Read more

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What is encephalitis? Has anyone died of it?

Brain infection: Encephalitis is an infection of brain substance. While it is usually associated with viral infections it can be caused by bacteria and fungi. Encephalitis can be mild or severe. Death can occur from encephalitis for example herpes virus, eastern equine and many others. ...Read more

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What insect may carry and transmit encephalitis?

Many: Encephalitis is a disease of the brain cells that is usually caused by a virus or other agent that gets into the brain cells from the blood stream. They are put into your blood by an agent that injects them into you through a bite. Fleas, mosquitoes, ticks, and other biting bugs can do this. They bite an infected person or animal and suck the agent from their blood and then inject it into you. ...Read more

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What are the effects of encephalitis on the hypothalamus?

Varies: If encephalitis spreads to the hypothalamus it is hard to predict, because there are many nuclei or "centers" in the hypothalamus that do very different and sometimes opposite functions. For example some people with encephalitis lethargica slept constantly while others could not fall asleep at all, because different nuclei were affected. ...Read more

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Do the hepatitis shots and the chinese encephalitis shots hurt?

Do the hepatitis shots and the chinese encephalitis shots hurt?

Not particularly: any shot will be noticed, but there is nothing particular about these vaccines ...Read more

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Why was phenobarbital used as one of the drugs for encephalitis?

Why was phenobarbital used as one of the drugs for encephalitis?

Sedation and seizure: Phenobarb was used as a way to comtrol seizure and sedate . Peaple with encephalitis many time are very agitated and may risk seizures there is not much use today but it was used in the past successfully. Our area dosen't see this use anymorelike we used to. ...Read more

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Dr. Amandeep Kaur
179 doctors shared insights

Encephalitis (Definition)

The encephalon is considered to be the gray matter of the brain. This is where all the neuron cells are located. If an infection sets in to this region it is called an encephalitis. The -itis ending just means inflammation. It is usually virus infections that like to go specifically to the ...Read more


Dr. Marvin Ott
72 doctors shared insights

Brain Infection (Definition)

Any infection of the brain. Usually called encephalitis, though ...Read more