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Doctor insights on: Autism And Pku

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What are autism and ADHD affected infants?

What are autism and ADHD affected infants?

Differences: I would look at the primary symptoms of social connection/disconnection. Autistic children are more difficulty to engage, establish eye contact, follow faces, learn familiar faces, and often don't coo or babble with their care givers. Adhd infants are usually quite social and interactive with their caregivers. In fact, because we give them so much attention, they may not even seem inattentive. ...Read more

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Dr. Johanna Fricke
532 doctors shared insights

Autism Spectrum Disorder (Definition)

ASD are a spectrum of disorders of varying degrees that are characterized by difficulties in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication and repetitive behaviors. Autism statistics from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) identify around 1 in 68 American children as ...Read more


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How are autism, and autism spectrum different?

How are autism, and autism spectrum different?

Autism more severe: Autism is the term used to describe the severely affected person. Autism spectrum disorder describes the milder forms of autism where the affected person has some behaviours typical of autism but is not severely autistic. ...Read more

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Do non autistic siblings of autism kids mirror symptoms of autism?

Do non autistic siblings of autism kids mirror symptoms of autism?

Possibly: Newer studies show that ~ 30% of younger siblings of a child with autism display autistic behaviors early on. Of these ~ 40% are eventually diagnosed with autism, but many of the others have developmental language disorders. It is worth getting the little one evaluated & into early intervention services to re-direct that developmental path as much as possible. ...Read more

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What are PDD and high functioning autism spectrum disorders?

What are PDD and high functioning autism spectrum disorders?

Autism spectrum dis: These are all terms used to describe, what is now, a single classification called autism spectrum disorder. This is a developmental brain disorder that affects a person's ability to relate to other people and the world around them in a typical fashion. ...Read more

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How are autism, aspergers and ADHD different?

How are autism, aspergers and ADHD different?

Autistic Spectrum -: Disorder & ADHD are neurodevelopmental disorders, each with its own neurobehavioral profile determined by history & specific observable behaviors. They are categorical diagnoses, not etiologic diagnoses that explain the genetic or other medical condition that causes the symptoms in a individual. 40-70% of children & teens with ASD also have ADHD & require multi-modal treatment for both. ...Read more

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Are ADHD and autism related?

Are ADHD and autism related?

Not at all: Autism spectrum children (pdd) are devastatingly effected by their neurotrauma. Adhd kids have a deficiency in executive brain function, but treated are exceedingly successful and well adjusted people. Pdd kids do not have the cortical capacity to process many types of linguistic or social inputs. Adhd kids can be socially awkward, but PDD kids are social outliers. The two are incomparable. ...Read more

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How are mental retardation and autism different?

How are mental retardation and autism different?

IQ measure: Mental retardation only reflects points in a scale of intelligency, determined through standarized tests. Autism, on the other hand, is a set of typical behaviors considered abnormal, in different areas of functioning. Dsm 4 criteria is available online, check it out. Both conditions may coexist. ...Read more

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On the spectrum children and autism?

On the spectrum children and autism?

PDD-NOS: The diagnostic and statistical manual iv-text revision defines pervasive developmental disorder as having some, but not all, of the criteria for autism. The dsm-v will combine pdd-nos, asperger's syndrome and autism into autistic disorder, so that all children " on the spectrum" may receive funding and services. Autistic disorders are neurodevelopmental, but still defined as psychiatric disorders. ...Read more

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Are Aspergers and autism the same condition?

Are Aspergers and autism the same condition?

Currently, the sole : diagnosis in the DSM-V is Autistic Spectrum Disorder Levels 1,2 & 3. ASD level 1, formerly Asperger Syndrome (AS) has the same underlying deficits in Theory Of Mind, face recognition & joint attention as 2 &3. However, the atypical microscopic structure of brains of children & adults with "AS" & "Autism" varies enough that some researchers feel that they are different disorders. Stay tuned. ...Read more

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What are the differences between autism and autism spectrum disorder?

What are the differences between autism and autism spectrum disorder?

The same deficits : In reciprocal social interaction caused by lack of joint attention, facial recognition & theory of mind underlie all types of autism. Autistic spectrum disorder is now the diagnosis that "lumps" autism, as & pdd-nos in the dsm-v. There was a misperception that the old diagnosis of as always implied superior cognitive skills. The dsm-iv required a "normal" iq ( > 70), not necessarily avg. Or >. ...Read more

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What are the major differences between autism, childhood schizophrenia and aspergers?

What are the major differences between autism, childhood schizophrenia and aspergers?

Severity: In autism social, communication and restricted range of or odd behaviors is characteristic, in asperger's disorder there are social pbms and a restricted range of, or odd behaviors. In schizophrenia, hallucinations and or delusions in the context of impairment is required. There is often someover lap in that perceptual abn can be present to different degrees in all 3. ...Read more

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How can youth autism spectrum disorder relate to growth and development?

Everything : ASD has to do with information processing abnormalities that result in differences in how people selfregulate in really all areas, especially in the social and communication relms.The severity is very variable. ...Read more

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How do autism and Down syndrome affect language development?

From infancy through: adulthood people with DS have delays in receptive & expressive language, ='in some areas to cognition, usually mild-moderate Intellectual Disability, others lower..Babies, toddlers & children with Autistic Spectrum Disorder may not talk or may have bizarre jargon mixed with babbling, then words, but they lack joint attention, communicative intent & reciprocal conversational skills. ...Read more

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How many families in the us have children with learning disabilities/developmental disabilities?

How many families in the us have children with learning disabilities/developmental disabilities?

US Dept of Education: From dr. Mark batshaw's book, children with disabilities, the national center for education services in 2011 reported that over 6. 6 million students received special education sevices in 2007-08, of which 2.5 million were classified as having specific learning disabilities. And that's just school-aged children. ...Read more

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How are aspergers and autism different?

Autism spectrum D/O: Aspergers is one of the autism spectrum disorders. Children with aspergers are higher functioning than children with pervasive developmental disorder or full blown autism. ...Read more

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How do high functioning autism and aspergers differ?

They probably don't: There is a new classification system which does not differentiate autism, pdd, and asperger's. They are all referred to autism spectrum disorder. High functioning means that there is a normal iq. This indicates a good chance at being able to function adequately as an adult and independently. ...Read more

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What are therapies for autism spectrum disorders in high school and beyond?

What are therapies for autism spectrum disorders in high school and beyond?

See below: There are effective treatments. Applied behavioral analysis, occupational therapy, physical therapy, and speech therapy. In some cases medication may help for severe aggression, hyperactivity, or even with repetitive behaviors. Risperdal is actually an fda approved medication to treat autism. ...Read more

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Parents with kids with aspergers, autism or tourette's, what to do?

Parents with kids with aspergers, autism or tourette's, what to do?

Sek referral to the : Child Development Unit at Children's Hospital Pittsburgh, http://www.chp.edu/CHP/Evaluation+Services+Child+Development+Unit. The Autism team is affiliated with Autism Speaks: http://www.chp.edu/CHP/autism. They will help you with all aspects of evaluation, treatment & family support services. ...Read more

Dr. Johanna Fricke
643 doctors shared insights

Autism (Definition)

A neurodevelopmental disorder affecting three areas: abnormal socialization, communication, and restricted interests with repetitive patterns of behavior. It is usually detected in the first two years of life. Cause is unknown but strong evidence points to an interplay between ...Read more


Dr. Julie Abbott
73 doctors shared insights

Pku (Definition)

It is a congenital deficiency of an enzyme which digests a protein in milk causing a build-up of a substance that causes brain damage in infants. This disorder is tested for in all newborns and a special formula ...Read more