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Doctor insights on: Atrophy And Hypertrophy

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Dr. Kathryn Ko Dr. Ko
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Mild facet hypertrophy,lig flav thickening L3-L4,mild facet hypertrophy L4-L5,moderate facet hypertrophy L5-S1.Will joints deteriorate more?Outlook?

Dr. Kathryn Ko Dr. Ko
1 doctor agreed:
Mild facet hypertrophy,lig flav thickening L3-L4,mild facet hypertrophy L4-L5,moderate facet hypertrophy L5-S1.Will joints deteriorate more?Outlook?

Spine MRI?: facets are the "joints" between the vertebra in the spine. Facet changes refer to degenerative bone process that can be a normal part of the aging process. After a certain age we all have them, me included. ...Read more

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Atrophy (Definition)

Atrophy usually refers to the skin-as you get older or if you have had alot of sun in the past-the dermis (that is the layer below the top layer which is called the epidermis) gets thinner and the skin looks more wrinked. Muscles and fat can also get thinner -this is another form of atrophy. Even the top layer gets thinner ...Read more


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M77 , biopsy of vastus laterilus muscle says "secondary neurogenic atrophy with super imposed inflmatory myopathy" which disease this may be?thanks

M77 , biopsy of vastus laterilus muscle says "secondary neurogenic atrophy with super imposed inflmatory myopathy" which disease this may be?thanks

Your doctor needs: to findout if you have any cause for your neuropathy. This can be from many causes - usually diabetes or alcohol or other drugs are the cause. You need to go over with your doctor what possible things in your life are responsible for it. The secondary inflammation suggests you have a compromised immune system or slightly weakened one. People usually do not get inflammation of the muscle. ...Read more

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Please explain the relationship between gluteal muscle atrophy and lumbar stenosis. And the treatment for the atrophy. Thank you!!

Please explain the relationship between gluteal muscle atrophy and lumbar stenosis. And the treatment for the atrophy.  Thank you!!

Surgery: When stenosis gets particularly severe on the spine, enough damage can occur that the innervated muscles can get weak and begin to atrophy. This can progress to the point if paralysis of the involved muscle group. Surgery would be a strong consideration in that case. ...Read more

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Is concentric left ventricular hypertrophy and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy the same thing?

Is concentric left ventricular hypertrophy and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy the same thing?

LVH: Concentric hypertrophy is a descriptive term for equal hypertrophy throughout the heart. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a disease process. It can have concentric or asymmetric hypertrophied heart muscle. ...Read more

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What is lumbar hypertrophic disease in facet joints and thickening of the ligamentum flavum?Mild-moderate facet hypertrophy L3-S1,lig flav thick L3-L4

What is lumbar hypertrophic disease in facet joints and thickening of the ligamentum flavum?Mild-moderate facet hypertrophy L3-S1,lig flav thick L3-L4

It means there are: Degenerative changes occurring leading to enlargement of the small joints of the spine (2at each level ) along with degenerative enlargement of a ligament that connects each segment or level of the spine that could eventually lead to an overall narrowing of the spinal canal which may lead to a condition known as spinal stenosis. Smoking, being obese & a family hx of arthritis can accelerate it. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of neurogenic atrophy in thenar muscle from nerve injury?

What are the symptoms of neurogenic atrophy in thenar muscle from nerve injury?

Thenar atrophy: Thenar muscle weakness results in thumb abduction weakness. This movement is holding the thumb straight up when the back of your hand is turned down (not shown in the picture). It should be able to overcome some resistance to adopt this position. You may also see a dimple in the muscle area at the base of your thumb. ...Read more

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Can progressive muscle atrophy be stopped?

Can progressive muscle atrophy be stopped?

Depends on cause: A physiatrist, or doctor of physical medicine and rehabilitation can evaluate the individual and come up with a plan to maximize function. The prognosis depends on the cause of the symptoms. ...Read more

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What is mild facet and ligamentous hypertrophy?

What is mild facet and ligamentous hypertrophy?

Facet Arthropathy: Could be facet arthropathy/arthritis. There are joints in the spine where the bones articulate and can develop bone spurs and cause the clicking with pain typically with extension. I would consider seeing a pain/spine specialist to see if facet injections or radio frequency ablation would be helpful for you. ...Read more

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What is bilateral facet and ligamentous hypertrophy?

What is bilateral facet and ligamentous hypertrophy?

Facet Ligament hyper: The process of degeneration in the back part of the spinal canal. The joint (facet) breaks down and will increase (hypertrophy) in size. This is a normal aging process is most spines. If the enlargement compresses nerves, leg pain may clinically be present. ...Read more

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What's the difference between muscle wasting disease or disuse atrophy?

What's the difference between muscle wasting disease or disuse atrophy?

Depends: Disuse atrophy simply suggests that a muscle weakens because of lack of use. A muscle wasting disease can be related to a number of underlying factors, e.g. A neurologic disorder such as muscular dystrophy or lou gehrig's disease. Neurology consultation should be able to help rule out the more worrisome conditions. ...Read more

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Can disc bulge at l5-s1 cause atrophy of calf muscle?

Yes: In a young person like yourself, you might want to get a neurosurgery consult. Atrophy of muscle due to a disc bulge is an indication for surgery. Pain from a disc can be treated with medication and physical therapy in many cases; muscle atrophy or loss of function cannot. ...Read more

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Ct colonography report states diverticulosis particularly in the sigmoid with associated smooth muscle hypertrophy. What is smooth muscle hypertrophy?

Ct colonography report states diverticulosis particularly in the sigmoid with associated smooth muscle hypertrophy. What is smooth muscle hypertrophy?

Intestinal muscle is: The muscle in the intestinal wall is smooth muscle as distinguished from striated muscle such as the big muscles in your arms and legs. Often with diverticulosis, the muscle/wall of the bowel hypertrophies or thickens as part of the condition. ...Read more

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Ventricular system and extra ventricular CSF spaces show mild prominence, suggestive of mild cerebral atrophy. Patient can't walk. Age 26 years male.?

Ventricular system and extra ventricular CSF spaces show mild prominence, suggestive of mild cerebral atrophy.
Patient can't walk. Age 26 years male.?

See another cause: Men in their twenties may have mild cerebral atrophy from alcohol abuse, schizophrenia, birth injury, some other cause, or an overread by a radiologist. None of these will stop him from walking. Look for another explanation. ...Read more

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What are symptoms of neurogenic atrophy in thenar muscle from nerve damage? Can it be treated?

What are symptoms of neurogenic atrophy in thenar muscle from nerve damage? Can it be treated?

Nerve damage: Weakness of the thenar muscles leads to weakness in grip, opening jars, and difficulty with daily hygiene. Occupational therapy can rebuild strength in the hand. See a neurosurgeon for evaluation of the weakness. ...Read more

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Mild cerebral and cerebellar atropy, mild ventriculomegaly and mild periventricular ischaemic white matter pallor at the age of 55?

Mild cerebral and cerebellar atropy, mild ventriculomegaly and mild periventricular ischaemic white matter pallor at the age of 55?

What's the question: The changes in the brain are abnormal, in tune with dementia, alzheimer's, vascular or another type. But you didn't formulate the question so i will stop right here. ...Read more

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Can multiple system atrophy affect the heart muscle?

Can multiple system atrophy affect the heart muscle?

Unfortunately yes: As MSA progresses, every muscle in the body eventually gets affected by the degeneration of the autonomic nerves & other derangements which cannot be compensated for anymore by the "voluntary" nervous system. I have a patient who is likely going through his last stages & it is a relentless disease process for which he now refuses any & all interventions to help him with breathing or swallowing. ...Read more

Hypertrophy (Definition)

Hypertrophy is an increase in size of an organ or tissue, or a particular part of the body. Examples include muscle hypertrophy due to lifting weights, ventricular hypertrophy (enlargement of a ventricle of the heart) due to high blood pressure or other heart disorders, or prostatic hypertrophy (enlargement of ...Read more