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Doctor insights on: Atrial Septal Defect Pfo

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Dr. Donna Wilkins
165 doctors shared insights

Patent Foramen Ovale (Definition)

Hole or communication between right and left atria, the upper heart chambers. The hole is open during fetal circulation and closes after birth. If it remains open it is termed a patent foramen ovale. Symptoms ...Read more


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Is ventricular or atrial septal defect hereditary?

Is ventricular or atrial septal defect hereditary?

Most cases no: The chances of being born with a heart defect are approximately 8 per every thousand deliveries (a little under 1%). Most babies born with a heart defect (asd, vsd or any of a multitude of others) have no family members with heart disease. Now, when there is a first line family member with a heart defect the chances increase to about 2-3%, so there may be some genetic component. ...Read more

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What is a secundum atrial septal defect?

What is a secundum atrial septal defect?

ASD: An atrial septal defect is a common congenital geart defect. It is a hole in the atrial septum - the wall between the left and right atrium. This lets blood flow from the left into right atrium (usually). If not caught at an early age, it results in excessive blood to right side of heart and lungs. Fixed with surgery (sutyred closed) or with a umbrella like device via cath. ...Read more

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What is different between PFO and ostium secundum atrial septal defect?

What is different between PFO and ostium secundum atrial septal defect?

Size & Location: A pfo is the persistence of a normal fetal communication between the top two chambers of the heart. A secundum ASD is an abnormal hole in the atrial septum. They vary in size though, so treatments vary. ...Read more

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Could ventricular septal defect cause diastolic murmur?

Could ventricular septal defect cause diastolic murmur?

Two ways: A large vsd with increased pulmonary blood flow may cause a diastolic flow rumble caused by a large amount of flow coming back from the lungs across the mitral valve into the left ventricle. Perimembranous and supracristal vsds can cause aortic valve deformation, and subsequent development of a diastolic murmur of aortic valve insufficiency. ...Read more

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What is atrial septal aneurysm?

What is atrial septal aneurysm?

Bulge in wall : Just a bulge in the thin wall between the two small chambers of the heart. ...Read more

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Can endocarditis CAUSE atrial septal aneurysm with a pfo or ASD shunt?

Can endocarditis CAUSE atrial septal aneurysm with a pfo or ASD shunt?

No: A cerebral embolism can happen in someone with an undiagnosed PFO or ASD +/- atrial septal aneurysm. Endocarditis causes valve degeneration and/ or there could be a coronary embolism causing a heart attacks. ...Read more

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Is an atrial septal defect repair surgery dangerous?

Heart surgery risk: All open heart surgery is dangerous. Many asds are now closed without surgery, using a catheter placed in a leg vein. ...Read more

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Atrial septal aneurysm cause enlarged heart?

atrial septal aneury: Usually doesn't cause enlarged heart unless associated with another cardiac abnormality like atrial septal defect. ...Read more

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Is atrial septal defect considered a heart disease?

Is atrial septal defect considered a heart disease?

Yes: Even though "disease" may carry a connotation of "infection" in every day language, in medicine it means that there is some pathology or abnormality. ...Read more

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Is there a connection between atrial septal defect and patent ductus arteriosus?

Is there a connection between atrial septal defect and patent ductus arteriosus?

To a degree: Both are congenital development defects. Atrial septum should seal and patent ductus should close after birth. When identified in infancy they are quite treatable. Also later but preferably as early as possible fir most. ...Read more

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Hello docs, is asd (atrial septal defect) hereditary?

In some cases: Some cases of atrial septal defect have a genetic component. An example is holt-oram syndrome which is caused by a mutation in the tbx5 gene. Tbx5 codes for a protein called t-box 5, which is a transcription factor active during fetal development and is important in the proper development of the heart and the upper extremities. Almost certainly, there are other important genes. ...Read more

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What is an atrial septal defect?

What is an atrial septal defect?

Defect in wall: An ASD is a defect (opening) in the wall (septum) that should form to separate the upper chambers of the heart. ...Read more

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Can ventricular septal defect cause diastolic or systolic murmur?

Can ventricular septal defect cause diastolic or systolic murmur?

Yes: Almost all vsd's cause a syhstolic murmur. Larger defects with a lot of flow across them cause a diastolic murmur from increased flow across the mitral valve. ...Read more

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Is pulmonary hypertension always present in atrial septal defect?

Is pulmonary hypertension always present in atrial septal defect?

No: People with asds do not always have pulmonary hypertension. An untreated ASD can potentially lead to pulmonary hypertension over a long period of time. But it's not always present. ...Read more

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Does a ?Ventricular septal defect cause a diastolic murmur?

Does a ?Ventricular septal defect cause a diastolic murmur?

Holosystolic: Classically, a vsd results in increased blood flow from left to right ventricle due to pressure differences and results in a holosystolic murmur. Several situations where a diastolic murmur may be heard is 1) large vsd results in aortic cusp sucking into vsd and aortic regurg, 2) very large defect with so much flow to lungs and back to left side with diastolic rumble through mitral valve. ...Read more

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Is a PDA (patent ductus arteriosus) considered a chd (congenital heart defect)..?

Yes: Yes - if it persists then it would qualify as chd and if it is audible in a child past infancy then it would ordinarily be closed in the cathetization laboratory. ...Read more

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