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Doctor insights on: Atrial Septal Defect Immune System

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What does it mean if my child has atrial septal defect?

What does it mean if my child has atrial septal defect?

Atrial septal defect: 4 types. Ostium primum, ostium secundum, sinus venosus asd, patent foramen ovale. Ostium primum and sinus venosus require open heart repair. Secundum, depending on size may be amenable to clamshell device vs open heart surgery repair. Pfo most amenable to endovascular repair. Diagnosed by echocardiogram, cardiac cath. Shunt fraction, arrythmias, reversibility of pulmonary hypertension all important. ...Read more

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What's the most effective way to treat atrial septal defect?

What's the most effective way to treat atrial septal defect?

Two choices: Depending upon the characteristics of the defect; there are 2 ways to close an atrial septal defect. The traditional approach has been surgery with a success rate of nearly 100%; however there is a risk of arrhythmia and effusion. More recently, catheter delivered closure devices have been used for select patients.. The overall success rate is about 98% and the risk of complications is lower. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms associated with an atrial septal defect?

What are the symptoms associated with an atrial septal defect?

Often none: Even patients with large asds often have no symptoms until later in life. Some young children with large asds get respiratory infections more commonly. As patients age, they can have symptoms of right heart failure (decreased energy, large liver, swollen ankles), rhythm abnormalities or cyanosis (turning blue from not enough blood getting to the lungs). We try to treat asds before symptoms develop. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: atrial septal defect repair?

What is the definition or description of: atrial septal defect repair?

Close hole in heart: An atrial septal defect is a congenital defect of the heart. A hole in the wall between the left and right atria permits blood to mix. There are several types of asd's and depending on the type and size they can either be closed with closure device placed thru the veins or by heart surgery (often minimally invasive surgery). ...Read more

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Please tell me what is the safest atrial septal defect closure method?

It depends?: An ASD is simply a hole in the wall between the right and left atria (upper chambers of the heart) many, most can be closed in the cath lab by a pediatric interventional cardiologist or an adult cardiologist trained in structural heart disease. There are two fda approved devices (amplatzer septal occluded and the gore helex septal occluded). Some holes need to be closed by an open heart surgery. ...Read more

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Is an atrial septal defect repair surgery dangerous?

Heart surgery risk: All open heart surgery is dangerous. Many asds are now closed without surgery, using a catheter placed in a leg vein. ...Read more

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Atrial septal defect, how frequently should I see a specialist?

It depends: If you have not already, you will need at least an echocardiogram (sound wave test) to look at the size of the defect and the function of the chambers. The size, the amount and direction of flow going across the defect, and whether or not you have add transient or permanent strokes are the most common issues evaluated in determining whether such a defect needs to be closed. ...Read more

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Is atrial septal defect the same thing as patent ductus?

Is atrial septal defect the same thing as patent ductus?

ASD vs patent ductus: These are not the same thing, an atrial septal defect, or asd, is an opening in the tissue separating the left and right atrium. The ductus arteriosos is a structure present in fetus which allows blood to bypass the lungs and go to the placenta, this usually closes at delivery but can be closed surgically if needed. Often doctors use medications to close it after delivery. ...Read more

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How is the mechanism of easily fatique in atrial septal defect?

Pulmonary Congestion: With advancing age and decreased left ventricular compliance, there is an increase in left to right shunt across the defect with increase in pulmonary congestion (increased blood flow to the lungs) and this may cause symptoms. Also atrial arrhythmias, right ventricular volume overload, and pulmonary hypertension may contribute to symptoms, usually in advanced age. ...Read more

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What are the chances of passing an atrial septal defect from a parent to a child?

What are the chances of passing an atrial septal defect from a parent to a child?

Very low: An asd, as well as most heart defects, are not hereditary traits that are passed on from parent to offspring. ...Read more

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