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Doctor insights on: Arteriosclerosis In Children

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What is arteriosclerosis?

What is arteriosclerosis?

CVD: It is hardening of the arteries, caused by fat, cholesterol, and other substances building up in the arteries - this is called plaque - making the arteries stiffer. This plaque interferes with the normal function of the arteries and can cause problems and symptoms throughout the body. The plaque can block the arteries and/or it can break off and flow to smaller vessels and block them. ...Read more

Dr. Milton Alvis Jr
239 Doctors shared insights

Arteriosclerosis (Definition)

It is the hardening of the arteries commonly associated with natural aging ...Read more


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Is arteriosclerosis inherited?

Sort of: Well it's not inherited like your eye color but the tendency to develop it is inherited related to many factors. High cholesterol, hypertension, diabetes and other risk factors are also inherited to a degree. So the bottom line is that if your parents have arteriosclerosis you are at greater risk. It would be even more important to modify your risk factors. ...Read more

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Is arteriosclerosis reversible?

Not really: Don't believe everything you hear. Atherosclerosis can be stabilized with current meds/treatments but significant regression (>10%) is extremely difficult to demonstrate in humans. Atherosclerosis is a chronic disease. There is no "cure". ...Read more

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Why is arteriosclerosis chronic?

It progresses: Because once it develops it is not very reversible. It tends to get progressinvely worse as you age. You can slow down the process or even in some cases reverse it by eliminatiing your risk factors. ...Read more

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How is arteriosclerosis treated?

Treatment options: Arteriosclerosis has several contributing risk factors. Not all are known but many we do. Agressive treatment of the modifiable risk factors is the key to treatment. Also weather you are treating a patient for primay prevention (no history of mi or stroke) or secondary
(pt had mi, cva, bypass surgery etc.).Regardless exercise good diet smoke cessation and good controll of BP and diabetes and wt loss. ...Read more

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What can arteriosclerosis cause?

Plethora of problems: Arteriosclerosis/atherosclerosis can result in a plethora of problems such as erectile dysfunction, claudication, dementia, heart attacks, strokes, and premature death. ...Read more

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When does arteriosclerosis start?

When does arteriosclerosis start?

Early: The process of atherosclerosis can actually begin in our late teens and early twenties; although the consequences may not manifest for many years. Autopsy examination from young people dying in wars and trauma has revealed early signs of atherosclerosis in these individuals. ...Read more

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What happens in arteriosclerosis?

Progressive blockage: It is a progressive hardening of the arteries, caused by fat, cholesterol, and other substances building up in the arteries - this is called plaque - making the arteries stiffer. This plaque interferes with the normal function of the arteries and can cause problems and symptoms throughout the body. The plaque can block the arteries and/or it can break off and flow to smaller vessels and block them. ...Read more

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Which people get arteriosclerosis?

Atherosclerosis: Anybody can...
Risks include:
1. Genetics
2. Untreated high blood pressure, elevated cholesterol/triglycerides, diabetes.
3. Smoking
4.Obesity, low functional capacity (lack of exercise)
5. Age and gender. ...Read more

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How can you cure arteriosclerosis?

How can you cure arteriosclerosis?

Manage: There is no cure for atherosclerosis but you can manage it: quit smoking!, lose weight: BMI <28, control blood pressure, control cholesterol, exercise every day (clear program with your doctor), take prescribed medications, control blood sugar, change diet to low fat, low sugar. Take care of yourself and you can control this disease process! ...Read more

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Why is arteriosclerosis dangerous?

Why is arteriosclerosis dangerous?

Blocks blood flow: Arteriosclerosis is dangeous if it restricts blood flow to vital organs by causing build-up of plaque that narrows the inside of arteries. However the most potential for harm comes from the rare instances where atherosclerotic plaques may become inflamed and suddently activate clotting components, leading to a sudden complete (or near-complete) obstruction of blood flow. ...Read more

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What does arteriosclerosis lead to?

Blockage (s): It leads to progressive hardening of the arteries, caused by fat, cholesterol, and other substances building up in the arteries-this is called plaque - making the arteries stiffer. This plaque interferes with the normal function of the arteries and can cause problems and symptoms throughout the body. The plaque can block the arteries and/or it can break off and flow to smaller vessels and block them. ...Read more

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Who is at risk for arteriosclerosis?

Atherosclerosis: Those with family history, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, smoking, diabetes, overweight, men and post-menopausal women. There is a web site for framingham risk profile to check your individual risk. ...Read more

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How can I reverse arteriosclerosis?

Reverse arterioscler: If you find out, please let the rest of us know. The only studies to show reversal have been with high dose statins and rigorous diet and they show only small amount of reversal in some people. At present our best recommendations are mediterranean type diet, regular aerobic exercise, not smoking, blood pressure control and perhaps statins. If not reversal this at least slows progression in most. ...Read more

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Are there cures for arteriosclerosis?

Not really: There is no cure for arteriosclerosis. Everyone is going to have some arteriosclerosis if you live long enough. You can slow progression of arteriosclerosis by controlling your risk factors: blood pressure goal <130/80mmhg;
ldl goal< 100mg/dl;
daily aerobic exercise > 45 minutes;
not smoking;
staying close to normal BMI of < 25kg/m2;
if you are diabetic, keep good control with A1c goal < 7. ...Read more

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Can someone die from arteriosclerosis?

Can someone die from arteriosclerosis?

Arteriosclerosis: Of the heart is the most common cause of death in men and women in the U.S. ...Read more

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How does someone get arteriosclerosis?

Several ways: It is partly inherited. Then there are risk factors that make it more likely to occur, such as smoking, diabetes, hypertension, abnormal lipids, lack of exercise, stress, being overweight, and dietary factors. ...Read more

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Can someone fly with arteriosclerosis?

Can someone fly with arteriosclerosis?

Yes: Yes if it isn't a recent heart attack or stroke, you can fly. ...Read more

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What are symptoms of arteriosclerosis?

What are symptoms of arteriosclerosis?

Sometimes none: Atherosclerosis is progressive "hardening" of the arteries caused by cholesterol build up. While most patients have chest pain or shortness of breath, for many patients their first symptom is a heart attack or sudden death. Fortunately atherosclerosis can controlled/prevented with a healthily lifestyle, not smoking, and medicines when appropriate. ...Read more

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What does arteriosclerosis feel like?

What does arteriosclerosis feel like?

Asymptomatic: The process of cholesterol buildup in between the walls of your arteries is silent. If it becomes significant, depending on the location, you can develop symptoms from low blood flow through the affected vessels with exertion/stress- ex heart, walking, eating. ...Read more

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What are the causes of arteriosclerosis?

Several: It is partly inherited. Also there are risk factors for it developing such as diet, your cholesterol level, how much you exercise, and whether you smoke. ...Read more

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How does someone avoid arteriosclerosis?

Atherosclerosis: Treat risk factors before you have symptoms/ problems. If you have a strong family history, you can't be checked out young enough! 1. Treat high blood pressure, diabetes, lipids and triglycerides 2. Lose weight, exercise, quit smoking 3. Low fat, low glycemic diet. ...Read more

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How can someone control arteriosclerosis?

Lifestyle & medicine: The first steps are diet, exercise and smoking cessation. The second step is medication. Depending on your cholesterol levels and quality medication will be the only way to get this disease under control. ...Read more

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Could you tell me about arteriosclerosis?

Could you tell me about arteriosclerosis?

Atherosclerosis: This is our most important single disease. It involves accumulations of cholesterol beneath tough fibrous tissue, narrowing arteries. This causes angina, dementia, loss of legs, and more. If the plaques break, cholesterol embolizes causing strokes, or the blood clots causing heart attacks. Weakening of the wall causes aneurysms that burst. 'healthy lifestyles' especially target atherosclerosis. ...Read more

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What does arteriosclerosis do in the body?

What does arteriosclerosis do in the body?

Deposits cholesterol: Atherosclerosis occurs when cholesterol deposits called plaque form in the wall of your arteries. If the plaque gets big enough it can block flow of blood causing injury to the tissue that was supplied by the artery. That is how heart attacks, strokes, leg ulcers, etc occur. ...Read more

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Are there other forms of arteriosclerosis?

Are there other forms of arteriosclerosis?

Arteriosclerosis: Arteriosclerosis aka atherosclerosis is a systemic process and may occur in any and all arterial beds including the arteries that supply blood to the heart, brain, kidneys, extremities and the intestines. Prevention is of paramount importance and risk factor modification remains the best form of prevention. ...Read more

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Which symptoms occur with arteriosclerosis?

Many: Many symptoms. The most common are chest pain, shortness of breath, jaw pain, arm pain, sweating, fatigue, abdominal pain, leg pain, dizziness and also back pain. Sometimes atherosclerosis is a stealth disease and there are no symptoms. ...Read more

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What are all the types of arteriosclerosis?

What are all the types of arteriosclerosis?

System wide: Ateriosclerosis is a systemic disease. If its noted in the brain its called cerebral vascular disease, in the heart, coronary artey disease, and in the extremities peripheral vascular disease. ...Read more

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At what age does someone get arteriosclerosis?

At what age does someone get arteriosclerosis?

Young: It actually develops at a young age. We learned that when autopsies were done on young persons dying in the korean war long ago. There was evidence already for arteriosclerosis. Of course, the older you get the more likely are you to have it and the more severe it might be. So if you have risk factors or a family history of heart problems, better to be checked out early before the damage is done. ...Read more

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What are other known forms of arteriosclerosis?

All major arteries: Arteriosclerosis is generic for hardening of the arteries. Arteriosclerosis of the coronary arteries, also known as cad, is the most widely talked about. Stroke (cerebrovascular accident) is caused by hardening of the brain arteries. Gangrene of legs and feet is caused by hardening of leg arteries also called pad (peripheral artery disease). ...Read more

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Am I allowed to fly if I have arteriosclerosis?

Yes: If you're stable - no heart attack or warning symptoms of impending heart attack in the last 4 weeks, you should be okay. ...Read more

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What happens in the body with arteriosclerosis?

Limits to blood flow: In arteriosclerosis, cholesterol builds up in the walls of the artery compromising the inside of the artery where blood flows. The end result can be limitations in blood flow to the brain, heart, intestines, kidney, and extremities. The symptoms are particular to the organ affected. ...Read more

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Is it true that arteriosclerosis is hereditary?

Arteriosclerosis: Arteriosclerosis is a multifactorial disease. One of the predisposing factors is certainly genetics and so it does have a hereditary component. ...Read more

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Is it okay to fly if you have arteriosclerosis?

Usually: Especially if you are referring to commercial flights as the cabins are pressurized. This does not usually lead to problems. If you have advanced atherosclerosis and or severe heart failure check with your doctor. ...Read more

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Is there a medication to treat arteriosclerosis?

Is there a medication to treat arteriosclerosis?

Yes: The primary type of medication to treat arteriosclerosis is one that will lower cholesterol. The most common ones are in the statin family, although others, especially niacin, may be useful. Antiinflammatory drugs such as fish oil may also be useful, although the data is less clear. ...Read more

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What are the possible causes of arteriosclerosis?

Loaded question: That is a loaded question, however of course the easiest answer is that it is commonly thought to be caused by things like "bad" genes, high blood pressure, dense particles of cholesterol, and finally perhaps the most important one, inflammation. More and more people are discovering that the underlying reason appears to be an inflammatory process. ...Read more

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What is the most common form of arteriosclerosis?

"atherosclerosis": "arteriosclerosis" refers to hardening of the arteries, of any cause. Far and away the most common form is due to "atherosclerosis"--build-up of plaque comprised of cholesterol, fat-filled white blood cells, and smooth muscle cells in the artery walls. The most common sites are heart (coronary arteries), brain (carotid arteries), and the arteries of the legs ("peripheral arterial disease" or pad). ...Read more

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What is the impact on the body of arteriosclerosis?

What is the impact on the body of arteriosclerosis?

Depends: It depends upon the location of the atherosclerosis. In the brain arteries, it causes neurologic deficits and stroke. In the heart it causes chest pain and heart attacks. In the kidneys it causes hypertension and renal failure. In the legs it causes claudication (leg pain when walking). ...Read more