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Doctor insights on: Are Titanium Valves Better Than Pig Valves For Replacement Therapy

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Are titanium valves better than pig valves for replacement therapy?

Are titanium valves better than pig valves for replacement therapy?

Depends: The decision to use a mechanical or biologic valve depends on many factors, such as age, medical conditions, childbearing expectations and preference. Mechanical valve last longer but require anticoagulation with its associated problems. Biological valves do not cause blood clotting on their surface but do not last as long and in young patients may require another valve replacement over time. ...Read more

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Dr. Ana Adelstein
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Valve (Definition)

A valve is a structure that regulates the direction of flow. The heart is a special kind of pump. It moves blood by squeezing and relaxing. There are 4 chambers and each chamber has a valve. This keeps blood from moving backwards when the heart squeezes. When a chamber squeezes it lets the blood move forward but when the chamber is relaxed it prevents the blood from ...Read more


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Why can't galactosemia be treated with enzyme replacement therapy?

Why can't galactosemia be treated with enzyme replacement therapy?

Lack of enzyme to...: replace the missing ones. There are 3 subtypes of galactosemia, each affected by a deficiency of a different enzyme. Just because we know which enzymes, doesn't mean that science has successfully created replacement enzymes to treat the illness- or that they are even trying. Maybe someday there will be the option of enzyme replacement, but given how rare the condition is it is not likely. ...Read more

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31m just diagnosed w low t, 221. Is there one replacement therapy that is better than the other? Prescribing androgel.

31m just diagnosed w low t, 221. Is there one replacement therapy that is better than the other? Prescribing androgel.

You decide: There isn't one best option, but the option that works best for you. Testosterone can be replaced through a monthly injection or a gel which is absorbed through the skin but used daily. The price of the meds is often a deciding factor as well. ...Read more

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Would i be ok if i took some testosterone replacement therapy even tho doctor says my t-levels are ok?

Would i be ok if i took some testosterone replacement therapy even tho doctor says my t-levels are ok?

Maybe (not) . . .: How "ok" is ok? It's like asking if tutoring someone who's passing with a "d" grade will make a difference. Well, "d" is passing so why worry, right? But if you're aiming to become class valedictorian, than even a "b+" isn't good enough. Back to "ok" testosterone level. Why was it checked? How do you feel? Any different from before? If you've always been "a" student & just got first "d" grade ... ...Read more

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Why don't doctors prescribe aromatase inhibitors in FTM testosterone replacement therapy?

Why don't doctors prescribe aromatase inhibitors in FTM testosterone replacement therapy?

Aromatase: FTM requires two things: 1: I do not take care of such patients unless I am notified by a Psychologist who is taking care of the patient. 2: I do not see any indication for aromatase inhibitors to be given in addition to testosterone. I have been fortunate to have reasonable success with FTM and MTF. ...Read more

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Has nicotine replacement therapy worked for anyone?

Has nicotine replacement therapy worked for anyone?

Yes: If you are motivated, and truly hooked on nicotine, then nicotine patches can help a lot with the cravings. If you are not motivated, it won't help much. ...Read more

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Does nicotine replacement therapy work for anyone at all?

Yes: If you are motivated, and truly hooked on nicotine, then nicotine patches can help a lot with the cravings. If you are not motivated, it won't help much. ...Read more

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Is there anyone who must not use nicotine replacement therapy?

Is there anyone who must not use nicotine replacement therapy?

Probably: Those with allergy to nicotine , unstable heart conditions, and periperal arterial conditions including rayneuds. Of course, they shouldn't be smoking either. ...Read more

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Can you tell me about testosterone replacement therapy?

Odd question: Hi. If you're deficient in testosterone, you take replacement. Dose is titrated to keep you in the normal range. Testosterone treatment will NOT confer fertility. Options for replacement include transdermal (gel, liquid, and patch), and intramuscular. You take testo, and it replaces. Am I missing something? Good luck! ...Read more

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