Doctor insights on:
Breastduct excision fibrocystic changes,ductal hyperplasia w/o atypical,apocrine metaplasia,dilated benign ducts with thermal artifact.this means what?
No cancer: All of the changes in your breast are benign and there is no cancer. For good health - Have a diet rich in fresh vegetables, fruits, whole grains, milk and milk products, nuts, beans, legumes, lentils and small amounts of lean meats. Avoid saturated fats. Exercise at least 150 minutes/week and increase the intensity of exercise gradually. Do not use tobacco, alcohol, weed or street drugs in any form. Practice safe sex. ...Read more
Benign / worrisome: Usually this is a pap smear finding. Metaplasia is replacement of a normal mature tissue type with another normal mature tissue type, in the cervix the columnar epithelium in the endocervix replaced by a squamous type. It is usually caused by the hpv virus and depending on the strain may present a slightly increased risk for progression toward something that is actually dangerous. ...Read more
Pap report says inflammatory changes inspecific in squamous and endocervical cells, Immature squamous metaplasia?
Pap: not normal so discuss with your Dr. ...Read more
Chronic non specific cervicitis with squamous hyperplasia, squamous metaplasia + focal ciliated tubal endometrial metaplasia. Cause and treatment?
Viral insertion: DCIS is the earliest phase of transformation to malignancy developing in the ductal system before invasion into parenchyma has occurred. It is defined on mammo by clustered microcalcification. In general the long terminal repeat of the MMTV viral genome enters the ductal cell to initiate transformation. with time the cells become aggressive and invade basement membrane helped by the EBV virus ...Read more
No: The description you provided is not consistent with a diagnosis of carcinoma. It is more consistent with changes due to chronic inflammation. For good health - Have a diet rich in fresh vegetables, fruits, whole grains, low fat milk and milk products, nuts, beans, legumes, lentils and small amounts of lean meats. Avoid saturated fats. Exercise at least 150 minutes/week and increase the intensity of exercise gradually. Do not use tobacco, alcohol, weed or street drugs in any form. Practice safe sex. ...Read more
Not yet: Hyperplasia is a lot of benign cells that are not yet malignant. Metaplasia is transformation of one benign cell type into another benign cell type. "dysplasia" or "atypical hyperplasia" would be a warning of premalignancy. The chronic inflammatory cells are not cancer. This is a benign biopsy -- either no cancer or it was not at the biopsy site. Please follow up as appropriate. ...Read more
ask yiour Gynecologi: The doctor who did the test can explain it better. But basically the test is looking for cancer cells which your report says you do not have at the present time. But continue to follow with annual pap tests so that this abnormalityy(minimal abnormality) resolves or gets monitored for any worsening. It is all a very slow process, not of any immediate concern but not always predictable. ...Read more
May be abnormal cell: It is a term used by Pathologists to imply that your cells are somewhat deranged and not entirely normal. Sometimes this means that such cells can deteriorate further and may become cancerous. So it requires close monitoring. ...Read more
What is Squamous mucosa with reflux esophagitis (basal cell hyperplasia, intraepithelial eosinophils)? &Esophagitis found with linear furrowing?
Pathology report states: Postmenapausal Weakly-proliferative endometrium with focal glandular crowding. Focal mucinous metaplasia. Is this something t?
Excess estrogen : This is suggestive of an increased estrogen state and maybe be a precursor to endometrial hyperplasia. alternatively it may be a component of a polyp. If you are in hormone supplements or tamoxifen you should consider stopping them. It warrants follow up with periodic re biopsy yo make sure nothing else is brewing. The good news is they didn't see any tumor. ...Read more
Biopsy:Cervical squamous mucosa w/ reactive epithelial changes and hyperkeratosis.Endocerv. curetting:benign endocerv. tissue.Can you help understand?
Doctor Speak: There is nothing scary in those results. "Benign endocervical tissue" means there is normal, non-cancerous tissue from the endocervix. "Cervical Squamous mucosa" is simply normal skin from the outer cervix. "Reactive epithelial changes" mean that they see evidence of a reaction by the skin to irritation or injury. Hyperkeratosis is an increased amount of keratin in the skin. ...Read more
What does this mean?Endometrial biopsy:benign proliferative endometrium with ciliated cell metaplasia without
hyperplasia or malignancy
Normal : It's benign tissue that shows estrogen effect (proliferative endometrium), cell changes that are benign (ciliated metaplasia) & no precancerous or cancerous cells. It's normal and usually means you can avoid major surgery if you have bleeding. Consider hormonal management or an ablation if you have bleeding problems. Take care. ...Read more
Close FU: Perhaps repeat in 6 months to make sure. ...Read more
Superficial fragments of oesophagel mucosa lined by stratified squamous epithelium showing mild acanthosis and papillomatosis. Please explain?
Fancy med talk: I just looked up in a medical dictionary: acanthosis means a thickening of a layer of the mucosa of the esophagus. This can be seen with chronic inflammation ( like with reflux disease). The word papillomatosis refers to papilla or projection of tissue sticking out. This can occur if there is chronic injury to the tissue and regeneration. Please ask your GI doctor to take the time to review this. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Mediast biopsy results: lg bulky noncaseat granulomatous nodes. Rare presumptive corynebacterium species, alpha streptoccus, epithelial cells & wbc. ?
Sarcoidosis: The bacteria you mentioned all benign skin contaminant and not because most likely of the noncaseating granuloma. Noncaseating granuloma skin happening sarcoidosis a poorly understood reactive process which can lead to shortness of breath. Other causes include fungal agents and yeast infections. A biopsy would be important. ...Read more
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