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Doctor insights on: Apocrine Metaplasia

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Breastduct excision fibrocystic changes,ductal hyperplasia w/o atypical,apocrine metaplasia,dilated benign ducts with thermal artifact.this means what?

Breastduct excision fibrocystic changes,ductal hyperplasia w/o atypical,apocrine metaplasia,dilated benign ducts with thermal artifact.this means what?

No cancer: All of the changes in your breast are benign and there is no cancer. For good health - Have a diet rich in fresh vegetables, fruits, whole grains, milk and milk products, nuts, beans, legumes, lentils and small amounts of lean meats. Avoid saturated fats. Exercise at least 150 minutes/week and increase the intensity of exercise gradually. Do not use tobacco, alcohol, weed or street drugs in any form. Practice safe sex. ...Read more

Metaplasia (Definition)

Metaplasia is thought to be an adaptation of the body that replaces one type of cell with another, usually caused by some sort of stress. Metaplasia is not cancerous, per se, but depending on the circumstances, may be a very early step in the process of a ...Read more


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Endocervical and/or squamous metaplastic cells?

Endocervical and/or squamous metaplastic cells?

Pathologist speak: This simply means that when the pathologist reviewed your pap smear it contained either normal cells from the inside of the cervical opening or cells that were not microscopically different in appearance from cervical cells. ...Read more

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Whats squamous metaplasia?

Whats squamous metaplasia?

Benign / worrisome: Usually this is a pap smear finding. Metaplasia is replacement of a normal mature tissue type with another normal mature tissue type, in the cervix the columnar epithelium in the endocervix replaced by a squamous type. It is usually caused by the hpv virus and depending on the strain may present a slightly increased risk for progression toward something that is actually dangerous. ...Read more

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Endometrial sqamous metaplastic cells?

Endometrial sqamous metaplastic cells?

Benign change: This not a cancer or pre-cancer but a benign, that is inconsequential finding. ...Read more

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Chronic non specific cervicitis with squamous hyperplasia, squamous metaplasia + focal ciliated tubal endometrial metaplasia. Cause and treatment?

Chronic non specific cervicitis with squamous hyperplasia, squamous metaplasia + focal ciliated tubal endometrial metaplasia. Cause and treatment?

Consult you GYN MD: This may be a pap report or biopsy and you don't say which. You need to consult your treating GYN MD who performed the test for your answers. ...Read more

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What causes ductal carcinoma in situ (dcis)?

Viral insertion: DCIS is the earliest phase of transformation to malignancy developing in the ductal system before invasion into parenchyma has occurred. It is defined on mammo by clustered microcalcification. In general the long terminal repeat of the MMTV viral genome enters the ductal cell to initiate transformation. with time the cells become aggressive and invade basement membrane helped by the EBV virus ...Read more

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Hyperplasia & metaplasia & chronic inflammatory cell infiltration into the stroma = carcinoma?

Hyperplasia & metaplasia & chronic inflammatory cell infiltration into the stroma = carcinoma?

No: The description you provided is not consistent with a diagnosis of carcinoma. It is more consistent with changes due to chronic inflammation. For good health - Have a diet rich in fresh vegetables, fruits, whole grains, low fat milk and milk products, nuts, beans, legumes, lentils and small amounts of lean meats. Avoid saturated fats. Exercise at least 150 minutes/week and increase the intensity of exercise gradually. Do not use tobacco, alcohol, weed or street drugs in any form. Practice safe sex. ...Read more

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Hyperplasia & metaplasia & chronic inflammatory cell infiltration into the stroma = carcinoma?

Hyperplasia & metaplasia & chronic inflammatory cell infiltration into the stroma = carcinoma?

Not yet: Hyperplasia is a lot of benign cells that are not yet malignant. Metaplasia is transformation of one benign cell type into another benign cell type. "dysplasia" or "atypical hyperplasia" would be a warning of premalignancy. The chronic inflammatory cells are not cancer. This is a benign biopsy -- either no cancer or it was not at the biopsy site. Please follow up as appropriate. ...Read more

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Benign endocervical tissue showing immature squamous metaplasia, what is that?

Benign endocervical tissue showing immature squamous metaplasia, what is that?

ask yiour Gynecologi: The doctor who did the test can explain it better. But basically the test is looking for cancer cells which your report says you do not have at the present time. But continue to follow with annual pap tests so that this abnormalityy(minimal abnormality) resolves or gets monitored for any worsening. It is all a very slow process, not of any immediate concern but not always predictable. ...Read more

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What are metaplastic squamous cells?

What are metaplastic squamous cells?

May be abnormal cell: It is a term used by Pathologists to imply that your cells are somewhat deranged and not entirely normal. Sometimes this means that such cells can deteriorate further and may become cancerous. So it requires close monitoring. ...Read more

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What is Squamous mucosa with reflux esophagitis (basal cell hyperplasia, intraepithelial eosinophils)? &Esophagitis found with linear furrowing?

What is Squamous mucosa with reflux esophagitis (basal cell hyperplasia, intraepithelial eosinophils)? &Esophagitis found with linear furrowing?

Benign: The key is that despite the fact that you have reflux and are probably going to be more comfortable when you are effectively treated, we did not see precancerous change. ...Read more

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What is "atypical squamous metaplasia" ?

What is "atypical squamous metaplasia" ?

Abnormal cells: These are abnormal cells but they are not cancerous at present. So you need it rechecked as instructed by your doctor as there may be increased risk of developing cancer in this location in the future. ...Read more

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Pathology report states: Postmenapausal Weakly-proliferative endometrium with focal glandular crowding. Focal mucinous metaplasia. Is this something t?

Pathology report states: Postmenapausal Weakly-proliferative endometrium with focal glandular crowding. Focal mucinous metaplasia. Is this something t?

Excess estrogen : This is suggestive of an increased estrogen state and maybe be a precursor to endometrial hyperplasia. alternatively it may be a component of a polyp. If you are in hormone supplements or tamoxifen you should consider stopping them. It warrants follow up with periodic re biopsy yo make sure nothing else is brewing. The good news is they didn't see any tumor. ...Read more

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Biopsy:Cervical squamous mucosa w/ reactive epithelial changes and hyperkeratosis.Endocerv. curetting:benign endocerv. tissue.Can you help understand?

Biopsy:Cervical squamous mucosa w/ reactive epithelial changes and hyperkeratosis.Endocerv. curetting:benign endocerv. tissue.Can you help understand?

Doctor Speak: There is nothing scary in those results. "Benign endocervical tissue" means there is normal, non-cancerous tissue from the endocervix. "Cervical Squamous mucosa" is simply normal skin from the outer cervix. "Reactive epithelial changes" mean that they see evidence of a reaction by the skin to irritation or injury. Hyperkeratosis is an increased amount of keratin in the skin. ...Read more

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What does this mean?Endometrial biopsy:benign proliferative endometrium with ciliated cell metaplasia without hyperplasia or malignancy

What does this mean?Endometrial biopsy:benign proliferative endometrium with ciliated cell metaplasia without
hyperplasia or malignancy

Normal : It's benign tissue that shows estrogen effect (proliferative endometrium), cell changes that are benign (ciliated metaplasia) & no precancerous or cancerous cells. It's normal and usually means you can avoid major surgery if you have bleeding. Consider hormonal management or an ablation if you have bleeding problems. Take care. ...Read more

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Is benign adnexal skin tumor compatible with eccrine poroma cancerous?

Is benign adnexal skin tumor compatible with eccrine poroma cancerous?

Benign& malignant: Skin adenexal tumors (sat ) tumors of sweat glands, ( eccrine& apocrine glands ) hair follicles , are both benign and malignant . Malignant which is lethal if excision is not done early. Eccrine porocarcinoma is malignant variety and it is not a benign tumor. ...Read more

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Superficial fragments of oesophagel mucosa lined by stratified squamous epithelium showing mild acanthosis and papillomatosis. Please explain?

Superficial  fragments of oesophagel mucosa lined by stratified squamous epithelium showing mild acanthosis and papillomatosis.  Please explain?

Fancy med talk: I just looked up in a medical dictionary: acanthosis means a thickening of a layer of the mucosa of the esophagus. This can be seen with chronic inflammation ( like with reflux disease). The word papillomatosis refers to papilla or projection of tissue sticking out. This can occur if there is chronic injury to the tissue and regeneration. Please ask your GI doctor to take the time to review this. ...Read more

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Mediast biopsy results: lg bulky noncaseat granulomatous nodes. Rare presumptive corynebacterium species, alpha streptoccus, epithelial cells & wbc. ?

Mediast biopsy results: lg bulky noncaseat granulomatous nodes.  Rare presumptive corynebacterium species, alpha streptoccus, epithelial cells & wbc. ?

Sarcoidosis: The bacteria you mentioned all benign skin contaminant and not because most likely of the noncaseating granuloma. Noncaseating granuloma skin happening sarcoidosis a poorly understood reactive process which can lead to shortness of breath. Other causes include fungal agents and yeast infections. A biopsy would be important. ...Read more