Doctor insights on:
Apical Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Treatment
Hypertrophy is an increase in size of an organ or tissue, or a particular part of the body. Examples include muscle hypertrophy due to lifting weights, ventricular hypertrophy (enlargement of a ventricle of the heart) due to high blood pressure or other heart disorders, or prostatic hypertrophy (enlargement of ...Read more
Hypertrophic: Arrhythmia could be a reason for sudden death ...Read more
Yes: Apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a form of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy whereby the thickening is localized at the tip of the left ventricle. Some are due to mutations of genes that encodes the heart muscles but the majority the cause is unknown. There is no treatment other than treating symptoms if present, like chest pains, arrhythmia, etc ...Read more
Various: Treatment of hocm depends on the symptoms: initially a combination of medications will be used (calcium channel blockers and beta blockers), but if symptoms progress, surgical myomecyomy or alcohol septal ablation may be indicated. Some patients with risk factors may need implantable cardiac defibrillators to prevent sudden cardiac death. ...Read more
HCM: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a condition in which the heart muscle becomes thick, and obstruction to outflow may occur. Arrhythmias may occur as well. It is commonly inherited, first degree relatives should be screened. Patients may have severe symptoms, or no symptoms at all. It is a common cause of death in young athletes who seemed completely healthy. ...Read more
Genetic defect: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is caused by a mutation in one of several genes that codes for cardiac contractile proteins (sarcomeric proteins.) typically, these are inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern. Spontaneous mutations do occur. Over 50% of people have an affected parent, but disease expression is variable. ...Read more
HCM: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy doesn't occur in any particular frequency in one group of people over another. It is relatively uncommon, being seen in about 1 in 500 people in the general population. However, it occurs in a hereditary form more than 50% of the time and therefore relatives of people with this disease should be screened for it. ...Read more
Not acquired: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is caused by mutations of the proteins that make up the contractile apparatus of the heart, in general. That means it is not something you "get." generally, if you have the genetic makeup to cause hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, you should have evidence (abnormal echocardiogram) by 43 years of age, so if you have a normal echocardiogram you aren't going to develop hcm. ...Read more
See cardiologist: Interested to know why you have this particular concern…I assume there is a family history? In any event, a screening ECG will be helpful, as these are generally markedly abnormal in the setting of HCM. An echocardiogram (ultrasound of the heart) can also assess for hypertrophy, and there may be genetic testing available if another family member has been diagnosed and a gene identified. ...Read more
Hypertrophic: Most people with HCM are advised to avoid playing competitive sports, with the possible exception of some low-intensity sports (eg, golf, billiards). Certain recreational sports are also not advised. ...Read more
THERE IS A: Correlation between hcm and sudden death, whether bbb abnormalities have been detected, present or not. ...Read more
HCM: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: caused by a mutation in one of several genes for heart muscle proteins. Heart muscle becomes thick. HCM can be inherited or can arise spontaneously. The main clinical concern is that in some cases it is assoc with an increased risk of sudden death. Athletes with cardiac arrest during sports are often found to have HCM. This condition needs expert management. ...Read more
Depends....: In most cases nothing. If you have significant obstruction to blood flow from the heart you may be asked to exercise to moderate levels only. Depending on the thickness of the septum, degree of obstruction, arrhythmias and family history your cardiologist may recommend a defibrillator which generally precludes high intensity sports. It all depends on the degree of severity of the condition. ...Read more
Cardiomyopathy: The symptoms can vary and may include, but not be limiyed to, shortness of breath, passing out, feeling lightheaded, rapid heart beat, heart arrhythmia, sleeping with more pillows, and feeling weak or fatigued. Some patient may have minimal or no symptoms if young and otherwise healthy, but the symptoms may progress over time. ...Read more
No, not unless...: Unless there is something else worrisome about the big picture, just having hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is not an emergency. Some people have it for many years before they get diagnosed with it. Tachycardia just means a faster heart rate. Whether or not it is an urgent problem depends on how fast it is, why it is fast, what else a patient is feeling, what the patient's medical background is, etc. ...Read more
There is no formal screening of athletes in the us. Coutries like italy have a mandatory screening for all athletes consisting of an ekg followed by further testing as needed.
See your family doctor especially if there is a family history. A referral can be made to cardiology if there is a high suspicion. ...Read more
Yes: There is.Get a more detailed answer ›
Please help! What is the difference between dilated cardiomyopathy and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?
Different causes: The term dilated cardiomyopathy refers to enlargement of the heart, not uncommonly all four chambers. This may or may not be associated with changes in function. Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy ("hocm ") refers to an abnormal thickening of the left ventricle. ...Read more
Can a drug overdose lead to death by hypertrophic cardiomyopathy or is this condition always genetic?
Cardiomyopathy: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a genetically inherited condition. Having said that, a person using drugs could die from drug use and have this condition as well. It can predispose to abnormal heart rhythms which can be fatal and drug use can elicit abnormal heart rhythms. ...Read more
I think I have Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy. I am going to see a doctor soon but I want to know if my symptoms match.
Since you don't describe your symptoms, read this and it will give you lots of information:
http://www. Mayoclinic. Org/diseases-conditions/hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy/basics/definition/con-20030747 ...Read more
Last Year I Was Diagnosed With Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy, Can This In Any Way Be Related To Me Feeling Panic Attack Symptoms. How Can This Relate?
Not directly: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy comes in many degrees of virulence....depending on genetics, thickness of walls, etc. Some individuals are more predisposed than others to arrhythmias and/or PVCS (felt as palpitations). This indirectly can lead to panic attacks if you get very worried when you feel palpitations. Otherwise, no, HOCM does not directly lead to panic attack. ...Read more
Yes: Among young individuals, it is one of the leading causes of sudden death. A complete assessment by a cardiologist familiar with the condition can identify and recommend treatemtnto reduce the risk of sudden death. ...Read more