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Apical Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Treatment
Hypertrophy is an increase in size of an organ or tissue, or a particular part of the body. Examples include muscle hypertrophy due to lifting weights, ventricular hypertrophy (enlargement of a ventricle of the heart) due to high blood pressure or other heart disorders, or prostatic hypertrophy (enlargement of ...Read more
Yes: Apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a form of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy whereby the thickening is localized at the tip of the left ventricle. Some are due to mutations of genes that encodes the heart muscles but the majority the cause is unknown. There is no treatment other than treating symptoms if present, like chest pains, arrhythmia, etc
Various: Treatment of hocm depends on the symptoms: initially a combination of medications will be used (calcium channel blockers and beta blockers), but if symptoms progress, surgical myomecyomy or alcohol septal ablation may be indicated. Some patients with risk factors may need implantable cardiac defibrillators to prevent sudden cardiac death.See 2 more doctor answers
HCM: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a condition in which the heart muscle becomes thick, and obstruction to outflow may occur. Arrhythmias may occur as well. It is commonly inherited, first degree relatives should be screened. Patients may have severe symptoms, or no symptoms at all. It is a common cause of death in young athletes who seemed completely healthy.
Genetic defect: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is caused by a mutation in one of several genes that codes for cardiac contractile proteins (sarcomeric proteins.) typically, these are inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern. Spontaneous mutations do occur. Over 50% of people have an affected parent, but disease expression is variable.
HCM: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy doesn't occur in any particular frequency in one group of people over another. It is relatively uncommon, being seen in about 1 in 500 people in the general population. However, it occurs in a hereditary form more than 50% of the time and therefore relatives of people with this disease should be screened for it.See 2 more doctor answers
Not acquired: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is caused by mutations of the proteins that make up the contractile apparatus of the heart, in general. That means it is not something you "get." generally, if you have the genetic makeup to cause hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, you should have evidence (abnormal echocardiogram) by 43 years of age, so if you have a normal echocardiogram you aren't going to develop hcm.
See cardiologist: Interested to know why you have this particular concern…I assume there is a family history? In any event, a screening ECG will be helpful, as these are generally markedly abnormal in the setting of HCM. An echocardiogram (ultrasound of the heart) can also assess for hypertrophy, and there may be genetic testing available if another family member has been diagnosed and a gene identified.
THERE IS A: Correlation between hcm and sudden death, whether bbb abnormalities have been detected, present or not.
HCM: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: caused by a mutation in one of several genes for heart muscle proteins. Heart muscle becomes thick. HCM can be inherited or can arise spontaneously. The main clinical concern is that in some cases it is assoc with an increased risk of sudden death. Athletes with cardiac arrest during sports are often found to have HCM. This condition needs expert management.
Depends....: In most cases nothing. If you have significant obstruction to blood flow from the heart you may be asked to exercise to moderate levels only. Depending on the thickness of the septum, degree of obstruction, arrhythmias and family history your cardiologist may recommend a defibrillator which generally precludes high intensity sports. It all depends on the degree of severity of the condition.
Cardiomyopathy: The symptoms can vary and may include, but not be limiyed to, shortness of breath, passing out, feeling lightheaded, rapid heart beat, heart arrhythmia, sleeping with more pillows, and feeling weak or fatigued. Some patient may have minimal or no symptoms if young and otherwise healthy, but the symptoms may progress over time.
Not neccessarily: A hypertrophic cardiomyopathy may not involve a lbbb but the cardiomyopathic process can cause interventricular conduction delay and this could manifest as a lbbb.
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