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Doctor insights on: Aortic Valve Replacement

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What is an aortic valve replacement?

What is an aortic valve replacement?

Surgical procedure : Aortic valve replacement is a surgical operation where the heart is stopped while the body is on cardiopulmonary bypass machine. The diseased valve is cut out and a new prosthetic valve from a pig or cow or a mechanical valve is sewn in. The operation takes 3-4 hours to complete and you can stay in hospital for 4-7 days. ...Read more

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Dr. James Lin
1 doctor shared a insight

Valve (Definition)

A valve is a structure that regulates the direction of flow. The heart is a special kind of pump. It moves blood by squeezing and relaxing. There are 4 chambers and each chamber has a valve. This keeps blood from moving backwards when the heart squeezes. When a chamber squeezes it lets the blood move forward but when the chamber is relaxed it prevents the blood from ...Read more


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How dangerous is an aortic valve replacement?

How dangerous is an aortic valve replacement?

Reasonably safe: Generally aortic valve replacement is a reasonably safe procedure. The operative risks however depends on the overall condition of the heart, age, presence or absence of other problems such as lung and kidney disease and the overall physical strength of the patient. In most cases the surgical risk should be less than 5% chance of a bad outcome. ...Read more

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Living with Mitral Valve Prolapse (Checklist)

Exercise regularly
once
Avoid tobacco, alcohol and caffiene
once
See your cardiologist regularly
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Aortic valve replacement done with pig or fake one?

Aortic valve replacement done with pig or fake one?

AVR: Aortic valves can be replaced with either mechanical valves or bio prosthetic, taken from animals and treated to prevent rejection. There are different reasons for choosing either valve such as age and treatment with anticoagulants. Individuals who do not wish to be on meds such as Coumadin (warfarin) may have a bioprosthetic valve, however, younger individuals usually have mechanical valves. ...Read more

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Aortic valve replacement - tissue or mechanical better?

Aortic valve replacement - tissue or mechanical better?

AVR: Aortic valves can be replaced with either mechanical valves or bio prosthetic, taken from animals and treated to prevent rejection. There are different reasons for choosing either valve such as age and treatment with anticoagulants. Individuals who do not wish to be on meds such as Coumadin (warfarin) may have a bioprosthetic valve, however, younger individuals usually have mechanical valves. ...Read more

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What should I do at home after aortic valve replacement?

Ambulate: Ambulation and physical activity as tolerated. Once sternotomy healed if able, may swim. ...Read more

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What problems could occur after aortic valve replacement?

What problems could occur after aortic valve replacement?

Relatively safe: Heart surgery is major surgery with lots of potential complications but the good news is that for the vast majority of patients they are uncommon. A lot depends on how well your heart squeezes before surgery and your overall health. With good health and function infection 1%, stroke 1%, irregular heart beat 15-20% (often not serious), death 2% or less. Your surgeon is best resource. ...Read more

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What happens during, and after an aortic valve replacement?

Aortic valve sx: The native aortic valve is surgically removed and replaced with a mechanical valve or a bioprosthetic valve. Mechanical valves last a life time but need anticoagulation with coumadin (warfarin). ...Read more

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How much time roughly does a aortic valve replacement take?

How much time roughly does a aortic valve replacement take?

3-5 hours: depending on anatomy, extent of calcification, surgeon experience and several other patient related conditions ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: aortic valve replacement?

What is the definition or description of: aortic valve replacement?

Replacing valve: The patients aortic valve leaflets are cut out and a prosthetic valve is sewn to the patients aortic valve annulus. It is done using cardiopulmonary bypass. Choices of valve are mechanical or bio prosthetic. ...Read more

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Dr. Creighton Wright
3 doctors shared insights

Aortic Valve (Definition)

The aortic valve is one of 4 valves in the heart, each of which separates 2 cardiac chambers. It opens when blood is actively ejected from the left ventricle into the aorta artery, to be carried to the rest of the body. It then closes firmly to prevent blood from flowing backwards, while it passively continues to flow forward to body's vital organs. When next heartbeat ...Read more


Aorta (Definition)

The aorta is the largest artery in the body, leaving directly from the left ventricle of the heart to supply blood to the entire body. It is made of elastic tissue layers called "intima" and is subject to damage by high blood pressure, smoking, cholesterol, ...Read more