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Doctor insights on: Anthrax Threat

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Is anthrax always fatal?

Is anthrax always fatal?

No: It can be treated with penicillin and other antibiotics. The pulmonary form of anthrax is the form most likely to be fatal. ...Read more

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How deadly is anthrax?

How deadly is anthrax?

Very: Skin, gastrointestinal and pulmonary anthrax are increasingly deadly in the order listed. Pulmonary anthrax, once it becomes apparent, is lethal in almost all cases. ...Read more

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Is smallpox deadly?

Is smallpox deadly?

Yes: During its active years smallpox in general had a 30% case fatality rate, highest in children and older adults. Some subtypes with malignant or hemorrhagic smallpox approached a 100% fatality rate. ...Read more

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How dangerous is respiratory anthrax nowadays?

How dangerous is respiratory anthrax nowadays?

Very dangerous: Inhalation anthrax death rate is estimated to be approximately 75% with treatment. Prior to development of aggressive treatments the death rate was more like 99%. ...Read more

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Is anthrax a serious health risk?

Is anthrax a serious health risk?

Few Cases/ Serious: There are very few cases of anthrax - however infection wth anthrax is a serious healh problem with a high fatality rate for GI & inhalational anthrax. ...Read more

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I'm afraid of a bioterrorist anthrax attack, is there a publicly available vaccine?

Vaccine available: A vaccine is available and you should consult your doctor to determine need for it and your suitability as a recipient. Please note that you are more likely to get hit by lightening than get anthrax from a terrorist attack. ...Read more

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Is the anthrax vaccine safe?

Is the anthrax vaccine safe?

Anthrax vaccine: Although much has been written in the lay press about it, the current anthrax vaccine is safe. The most common side effect, like most vaccines, is injection site pain. ...Read more

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Is anthrax severe?

Can be: Pulmonary anthrax can be deadly within days. Other forma, not so problamatic but worthy of agressive treatment. See www.Bt.Cdc.Gov/agent/anthrax. ...Read more

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Can adenovirus 14 pose a cancer threat?

Can adenovirus 14 pose a cancer threat?

No known Ca risk: Human adenovirus type 14 is one of many different types of adenovirus. The hadv-b14p1 strain sometimes causes more severe illness vs other adenoviruses. However, infections with this strain are not common & most illnesses are not serious. Severe illness or death from hadv-b14p1 infections is rare. Typical symptoms are like those of many common infections, including flu. Cancer is not a known risk. ...Read more

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Does leprosy kill the victim?

Does leprosy kill the victim?

Leprosy: Leprosy usually evolves very slowly. When death occurs it is often due to complications. ...Read more

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Is meningococcemia deadly?

Is meningococcemia deadly?

Yes.: Yes, it can be rapidly fatal if not treated quickly. ...Read more

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Who should be vaccinated against anthrax?

Military & lab work: People at risk for contracting anthrax should be immunized against it. Currently certain military personnel, people who work with anthrax in labs, people who work with imported animal hides or furs from areas of high levels of anthrax, and veterinarians working in areas (outside of usa) with high levels of anthrax. ...Read more

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How is anthrax transmitted?

Air-borne: Anthrax is an air-borne illness. These spores can live in sheeps wool and get into the body by inhalation. ...Read more

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How were polio, smallpox, the bubonic plague, the pneumonic plague, ended?

How were polio, smallpox, the bubonic plague, the pneumonic plague, ended?

Well..: Smallpox ended as a result of an aggressive world wide vaccination program. Polio is essentially gone in the U.S. due to vaccination efforts, but is still a problem worldwide. Bubonic and pneumonic plague are caused by same organism. It is still exists and causes disease. No one knows for sure how the plague in the Middle Ages ended. Possibly quarantine, better hygiene, and warmer climate ...Read more

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Can you die from pneumonic plague nowadays?

Can you die from pneumonic plague nowadays?

Yes, if untreated: This is a fatal disease if left untreated. Mortality is 50% even if treated with antibiotics known to be effective against yersinia pestis which is transmitted by fleas. ...Read more

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In brazil the government panflets say BCG protects against leprosy. Is this true?

1st BCG vaccination: Please see this article: http://www.Ncbi.Nlm.Nih.Gov/pmc/articles/pmc2238709/. Bcg has been shown clinically to impart protection against leprosy however the case for re-vaccination may not be so strong. ...Read more