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Doctor insights on: Anthrax Gram Stain

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Where can anthrax still be found?

Where can anthrax still be found?

Soil/ mammals: Bacillus anthracis spores can be found in soil. Mammals can be impacted. Anthrax outbreaks in animals are more often seen in undeveloped nations. However, anthrax has been found on all continents (even antarctica!). ...Read more

Dr. Corey Clay
19 doctors shared insights

Gram Stain (Definition)

The two major families of common bacteria are distinguished by the chemistry of their walls, specifically the ability of iodine to mordant their staining with crystal violet and prevent its being removed with strong solvent. Gram positives include staph and strep, while gram negatives include e. Coli. The stain has been in use for around 150 years and remains the ...Read more


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How can anthrax (disease) survive?

How can anthrax (disease) survive?

Spores: The bacteria can encase themselves in a very touch coat that makes them basically indestructable. They can stay in the soil for centuries. ...Read more

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What symptoms of anthrax are the most common?

What symptoms of anthrax are the most common?

Lung, skin, GI: Skin anthrax presents an ulcer and is the least dangerous. Gi anthrax causes bloody diarrhea, fever, abdominal pain etc. Inhalational anthrax is the most serious and causes cough, blood sputum, fever, shortness of breath. Note that once symptoms of lung infection appear, treatment is usually not effective and infection causes rapid death! ...Read more

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How does the transmission of anthrax takes place?

Contact with spores: Anthrax is not spread person to person! it is know for its potential to be used in terrorism (2001) as dried spores sent thru the mail infected some people with pulmonary anthrax. You can get skin anthrax from contact with spores ( from soil) & you can get GI anthrax by eating raw meat or dairy from contaminated animals. See www.Bt.Cdc.Gov/agent/anthrax. ...Read more

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How likely am I to be infected by anthrax during a terrorist plot?

How likely am I to be infected by anthrax during a terrorist plot?

Unlikely: Unless you were directly exposed, inhaling the spores of anthrax at the time they were suspended in the air, your risk is minimal. Infected persons do not spred the anthrax to others like you would see with a flu. See www.Bt.Cdc.Gov/agent/anthrax. ...Read more

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What is the treatment for anthrax?

Antibiotics: Ciprofloxacin/ levofloxacin/ doxicycline & penicillin are primary treatments for anthrax. Duration of rx depends on setting. See www.Bt.Cdc.Gov/agent/anthrax. ...Read more

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What are best lab tests for anthrax?

This is moot: Anthrax organisms grow on culture. However, a physician must suspect anthrax and treat, because it is likely to kill you -- especially the inhaled form -- before the lab result is back. ...Read more

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What are the types of anthrax infection?

What are the types of anthrax infection?

GI- lung-skin: Mortality rate for untreated cutaneous (skin) anthrax is 10 -20 percent but less than 1% with correct antibiotic tx. The mortality rate for inhalation (pulmonary) anthrax is around 75% (50 - 90 %) even with antibiotic therapy. Mortality rate for gastrointestinal anthrax is about 50 % (25 -60%). Effect of early antibiotic tx is uncertain for gi. Meningitis due to anthrax is about 100% fatal. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of anthrax poison?

Bacterial infection: Anthrax is a bacterial infection with three major types of manifestations, in order or severity, cutaneous, gastrointestinal and pulmonary. Pulmonary infection, once it becomes apparent as pneumonia is usually lethal. Gi type causes severe bloody diarrhea and skin forms presents as an ulcer with fever. ...Read more

Dr. Helle Lukk
171 doctors shared insights

Anthrax (Definition)

Anthrax is an infectious disease caused by the bacteria Bacillus anthracis. There is a variety of symptoms, most of which involve the skin, ...Read more