Doctor insights on:
Anthrax Biological Weapon
Probably: The soviet union had a well paid biological weapons development department there is little reason to assume that the break up of the communist system meant the elimination of these programs. The current government is unlikely to publicize such efforts. ...Read more
Agree w Dr. Novick: Vaccine is in development at this time. Currently there have been no cases of leprosy which are resistant to multi-drug tx. Multi-drug therapy for multibacillary leprosy is usually Dapsone, Rifampicin & Clorazime. Other antibiotics can be used. Fewer antibiotics may be used for other forms of leprosy. Multi-drug therapy continues to be an effective treatment for leprosy. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
BCG has been used : in attempts to vaccinate against leprosy but isn't that effective. More specific vaccines are in development. At this point, leprosy has consistently responded to multi-drug therapy which for multibacillary leprosy is usually Dapsone, Rifampicin & Clorazime. Other antibiotics can be used. This is one of the oldest diseases known to mankind and appears to remain steady in it's form. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Of course: In countries with advanced capabilities, this is certainly going on all of the time both for offensive and defensive purposes. Few are likely to publicize or discuss these activities; they remain seriously controlled state secrets. ...Read more
Assume many do: If any government or crackpot group were to use chemical weapons on their enemies today, the full wrath of all the civilized nations and most of the not-very-civilized nations would come down on them. A single kook could spray a bus with phosgene or a nut cult could kill a few dozen people in a city. These people are crazy but not stupid and realize that this would be self-defeating. ...Read more
Apart from adolf hitler and radovan karadzic what other genocidal war criminals are into quackery?
Wrong forum: I feel bad that no one has answer this questions, but this really is not a political site and you're asking a fundamentally political question. Although domestic violence is an enormous problem with obvious health implications, you might want to go to your congressperson or senator to ask this question of someone who possibly could answer it--and even take action. ...Read more
No,in fact the focus: On asbestos exposure, while likely causative, is not always clearly identified in many cases of mesothelioma. Also, spouses laudering and living with such a worker, occasional develop the disease, when the worker does not. The lead time from exposure to disease may be 30 years. While we have an answer, we surely do not have all the answers. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Do inactivated rabies vaccines elicit cell mediated immunity(t-cells) aside from just antibody production?
Activated rabies vac: Yes. They activate dendritic cells and presumptively enhance immune function in that fashion. J virol 2011 feb; 85(4) :1634-44. ...Read more
Not really: For MRSA there is therapy to try and change your nasal and skin carriage states. For gut flora the use of unpasteurized yogurt or probiotics may reduce the relative numbers of unwanted bacteria, but there are no recommendations for antibiotic prophylaxis and this should be strongly discouraged as it is likely to worsen things. ...Read more
Freund's adjuvant: Freund's complete adjuvant stimulates cell-mediated immunity leading to potentiation of the production of certain immunoglobulins this effect depends on the animal used. Use in humans is forbidden by regulatory authorities due to toxicity. Even for animal research there are currently guidelines associated with its use, due to its painful reaction and potential for tissue damage. ...Read more