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Doctor insights on: Anthrax Biodefense And Bioterrorism

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I'm afraid of a bioterrorist anthrax attack, is there a publicly available vaccine?

I'm afraid of a bioterrorist anthrax attack, is there a publicly available vaccine?

Vaccine available: A vaccine is available and you should consult your doctor to determine need for it and your suitability as a recipient. Please note that you are more likely to get hit by lightening than get anthrax from a terrorist attack. ...Read more

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Dr. Larry Lutwick
17 doctors shared insights

Biodefense And Bioterrorism (Definition)

Biodefense and bioterrorism refer to activities around preventing and detecting malicious acts involving the use of bacteria, or other biologic agents. The use of mailed anthrax in 2001 was ...Read more


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Which antibiotics does CDC recommend for prevention of inhalation anthrax?

Which antibiotics does CDC recommend for prevention of inhalation anthrax?

Prevent- vaccination: Biothrax is an acellular anthrax vaccine which is used in the United States for prevention of anthrax. ...Read more

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How come a cholera vaccine only contain cholera poison and not the cholera bacteria?

How come a cholera vaccine only contain cholera poison and not the cholera bacteria?

Vaxchora: “Vaxchora is a live, attenuated vaccine. The V. choleraevaccine strain in Vaxchora produces an incomplete, nontoxic version of the cholera toxin. Vaxchora replicates in the gastrointestinal tract.” REF: https://www.paxvaxconnect.com/vaxchora?utm_source=google&utm_medium=cpc&utm_term=vaxchora&utm_campaign=HCP%20Brand ...Read more

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Is ozone gas effective against tuberculosis bacteria?

Is ozone gas effective against tuberculosis bacteria?

TUBERCULOSIS: The conventional TB treatment does not include ozone gas.They are inh , rifamfin, pza and emb. ...Read more

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Is the anthrax vaccine available to the public?

Well, yes, but...: Not on any voluntary basis that just any one can get. People at high risk may get it, such as vets, farmers or researchers who handle anthrax, or military personnel. ...Read more

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What are the scientific names for septicemic plague and pneumonic plague?

What are the scientific names for  septicemic plague and pneumonic plague?

They are...: The medical terms to characterize aspects of infection caused by the plague bacillus, Yersinia pestis. Septicemic means that the organism has caused a sepsis syndrome and the pneumonic means infection in the lung. Lung infection with plague can spread from person to person. ...Read more

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What are two ways we support our immune systems in the fight against pathogens?

What are two ways we support our immune systems in the fight against pathogens?

Diet and exercise: A balanced diet with plenty of leafy green vegetables supports your immune system. Consider organic vegetables in a salad and juiced. Exercise every day however you like helps too. Stress reduction with meditation is a big help. This is such a good time in your life to develop these good habits. Also, live cheaply so you'll never get trapped in a job you no longer love. All the best. ...Read more

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How were polio, smallpox, the bubonic plague, the pneumonic plague, ended?

How were polio, smallpox, the bubonic plague, the pneumonic plague, ended?

Well..: Smallpox ended as a result of an aggressive world wide vaccination program. Polio is essentially gone in the U.S. due to vaccination efforts, but is still a problem worldwide. Bubonic and pneumonic plague are caused by same organism. It is still exists and causes disease. No one knows for sure how the plague in the Middle Ages ended. Possibly quarantine, better hygiene, and warmer climate ...Read more

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Is the anthrax vaccine safe?

Is the anthrax vaccine safe?

Anthrax vaccine: Although much has been written in the lay press about it, the current anthrax vaccine is safe. The most common side effect, like most vaccines, is injection site pain. ...Read more

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What’s the difference between all the vaccines containing diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and pertussis vaccine?

What’s the difference between all the vaccines containing diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and pertussis vaccine?

Ingredients: The acellular pertussis vaccines is now recommended to be given at least once to all adults . There is no recommendation for more than 1 adult booster, but i would not be surprised to see it given for every booster (7-10 yrs) in the future.The other differences are related to the specific type of antigens and quatity in each vaccine.Antigens are the material that triggers your immunity. ...Read more

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How effective is chlorine in killing germs, viruses, and bacteria?

How effective is chlorine in killing germs, viruses, and bacteria?

Very effective.: Chlorine compounds are widely used to kill bacteria and disinfect surfaces. Examples include treating water, washing fruit and vegetables and disinfecting food contact surfaces. Chlorine is usually combined with inorganic compounds, such as sodium or calcium, to produce hypochlorites, which are effective disinfectants. Chlorine mixed with sodium is a liquid bleach (sodium hypochlorite naocl). ...Read more

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Hypochondriac-deathly afraid of flu. heard so much paranoia and fear tactics used against getting the flu vaccine. what's the truth, is it safe?

Hypochondriac-deathly afraid of flu. heard so much paranoia and fear tactics used against getting the flu vaccine. what's the truth, is it safe?

Asked and answered: Didn't you just ask this question? The flu is a debilitating illness of fever, chills, muscle aches and pains. Depending upon the strain young people such as yourself are hit especially hard. One recent winter a disproportionate number of deaths were in young people. It can progress to a severe pneumonia. Side effects are mild. Serious side effects very rare. fear the flu, not the shot. ...Read more

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Why does the cholera vaccine only contain cholera poison and not the cholera bacteria?

Why does the cholera vaccine only contain cholera poison and not the cholera bacteria?

Both!: The recipient of the vaccine develops antibodies to the toxin and the bacteria. The most common vaccine in use today contains killed whole cells and fragments of the toxin. The vaccine acts by inducing antibodies against both the bacterial components and the toxin! ...Read more

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Can anti-bacterial soap help fight the swine flu virus?

Can anti-bacterial soap help fight the swine flu virus?

Not really: If you are referring to the present scare, this reported flu strain has only been associated with pig to human transmission, not human to human transfer. It is also a mild strain and no one has died and only 2 have needed hospitalization. What i would like to point out here is the "news press" and it's affinity to blow things out of proportion and only report what will get ratings. Talk to docs. ...Read more

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In brazil the government panflets say BCG protects against leprosy. Is this true?

In brazil the government panflets say BCG protects against leprosy.  Is this true?

1st BCG vaccination: Please see this article: http://www.Ncbi.Nlm.Nih.Gov/pmc/articles/pmc2238709/. Bcg has been shown clinically to impart protection against leprosy however the case for re-vaccination may not be so strong. ...Read more

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What has CDC recommended to prevent transmission of sars in households?

What has CDC recommended to prevent transmission of sars in households?

CDC says...: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/sars/guidance/i/patients_home.htm i'll let you read it rather than summarize. If you don't get it (i think its in lay terms, i can recapitulate it). ...Read more

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Can leprosy mutate into a deadlier disease, resisitant to current vaccines?

BCG has been used : in attempts to vaccinate against leprosy but isn't that effective. More specific vaccines are in development. At this point, leprosy has consistently responded to multi-drug therapy which for multibacillary leprosy is usually Dapsone, Rifampicin & Clorazime. Other antibiotics can be used. This is one of the oldest diseases known to mankind and appears to remain steady in it's form. ...Read more

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How does bordetella pertussis infect and attack cells?

How does bordetella pertussis infect and attack cells?

Whooping cough: This bacteria causes whooping cough and it is very contagious. It is easy to contract from a person who is infected and is coughing and sneezing. ...Read more

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I took verorab for dog bite in India and titer as of 2015 is high.I am in US now,will this type of vaccine titer protect against bat caused rabies?

I took verorab for dog bite in India and titer as of 2015 is high.I am in US now,will this type of vaccine titer protect against bat caused rabies?

Probably yes: We usually don't give rabies vaccine in U.S. Unless you you are in a high risk setting - lab worker, zoo vet, etc. rabies incidence in U.S. Is low so we don't usually give prophylactic vaccination for it. You can check your State Health Dept for where you are living or call the CDC for the most current guidance. ...Read more

Dr. M. Hytham Beck
6 doctors shared insights

Biological Weapons (Definition)

Biological weapons is a term for infectious diseases being used as weapons to disable, ...Read more